Gabriel de Torres

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Gabriel de Torres (1782 – 1835)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 1 March 1835 to 23 April 1835.[2]

Biography

Torres was a native of Valladolid, Spain.[3] He entered in the military as a knight cadet on 22 April 1794.[4] He participated in numerous military campaigns, including those against the French during the Peninsular War and the Spanish War of Independence (1807–1814).[5] He also participated in campaigns against independence forces in Latin America, where he suffered defeats from the forces of Simón Bolívar.[6] Eventually, he was appointed as brigadier de Artillería and as mariscal de campo of the Army on 22 August 1831.[7] Immediately before his appointment as acting Governor-General, he was the segundo cabo (commander of the army) in the archipelago.[8]

He became Governor-General in 1835 after the resignation of Pasqual Enrile.[9] He began his term of office on 1 March 1835.[10] He immediately proposed plans to improve the military of the archipelago.[11] However, he died on 23 April 1835, less than two months since he assumed office.[12] Juan Crámer then assumed as acting Governor-General.

Throughout his military career, he received the following decorations: the Order of San Hermenegildo; knight of the Order of San Fernando, 4th Class; and distinction crosses of the Battle of Talavera de la Reina and the siege and surrender of Cartagena de Indias.[13]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "Gabriel de Torres de Velasco," accessed 2 February 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/26760/gabriel-de-torres-de-velasco
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 295.
  3. Quirino, Old Manila, 295.
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "Gabriel de Torres de Velasco."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "Gabriel de Torres de Velasco."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "Gabriel de Torres de Velasco."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "Gabriel de Torres de Velasco."
  8. Quirino, Old Manila, 295.
  9. Quirino, Old Manila, 295; José Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," in The Philippine Islands 1493-1898, trans. Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertson, vol. 51 (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906), 59.
  10. Quirino, Old Manila, 295.
  11. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 59-60.
  12. Quirino, Old Manila, 295.
  13. Real Academia de la Historia, "Gabriel de Torres de Velasco."

Citation

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