Francisco Reyes

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Francisco Reyes was one of the pioneer komiks illustrators in the Philippines. Prior to his career as a comics artist, Reyes was a student at the UP School of Fine Arts, where his artworks greatly impressed his teacher Fernando Amorsolo. He won awards in many art competitions. Upon his graduation in 1932, Reyes joined the Liwayway, where he served as a junior artist under Tony Velasquez. Later on, Reyes became the first art teacher of the young Francisco V. Coching.

On 7 July 1933, Reyes, in collaboration with writer Pedrito Reyes, created Kulafu, which was the first colored adventure strip as well as the first two-page comic strip, in the Philippines. Heavily influenced by Edgar Rice Borroughs' Tarzan, Kulafu's jungle-kingdom was set in the deep jungles of the southern Philippines, where he battled dragons, siokoy (mermen), and other mythical creatures.

Kulafu became one of the most popular comic strips in the Philippines. It was translated into Bisaya, Bikolnon, Ilokano, and in Spanish' for a South American magazine. The strip became a household name. It had become so popular that a local wine company even purchased the right to use "Kulafu" as their brand name. Up to now, some 70 years after, Vino Kulafu is still selling well in the market.

In 1936, Pedrito Reyes was unfortunately disabled. The task of bringing the weekly story fell on Francisco, who managed to develop further the plot originally scripted by Pedrito. Francisco even made a sequel in 1940 called Anak ni Kulafu. During the Japanese Occupation, Reyes discontinued Kulafu, and instead worked as an artist for Shin-Seiki a Tagalog-Nippongo publication.

After the war, Reyes joined Halakhak Komiks where he created another Kulafu-like character, Talahib. Some of Reyes's later comic strips were Kilabot, Joe Safari, and Buhawi in 1947, Mahiwagang Sinulid in 1949, Ogganda in 1964, Dagog in 1967, Sphinx in 1969, all of which were written by Clodualdo del Mundo. In 1991, a retrospective art exhibit was held at the Philamlife Theater, as a tribute to this great Filipino comic artist. Featured in the exhibit were his paintings, and of course, Kulafu original comic art.

Francisco Reyes passed away in 1992.


  • Marcelino, Ramon, ed. A History of Komiks in the Philippines and other Countries. Manila: Islas Filipinas Publishing House, 1985.

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