Flaviano Yengko

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Flaviano A. Yengko (22 December 1874 - 3 March 1897) was one of the revolutionary generals of the Philippine Revolution. He was a law student when he joined the fight against the Spanish colonizers. He was the hero of the Battle of Salitran.

Early Life

Yengko was born to Basilio Yengko and Maria Abad in Tondo, Manila on 22 December 1874. He was the third of seven children.

He finished his secondary studies at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran (CSJL). Then, he obtained his teaching certificate for primary schools from the Normal School in 1894. He returned to CSJL for his Bachelor of Arts before he studied law at the University of Santo Tomas.

His generosity and versatility made him popular in the university. He pawned his gold-rimmed spectacles several times to raise funds for a friend in need. He was an orator and debater, painter, singer, and pianist. His painting, "A Landscape," won a prize in the Regional Exposition of the Philippines in 1895. He was always neatly dressed.

Philippine Revolution

Yengko left law school to fight for the country. On 8 November 1896, he presented himself to General Emilio Aguinaldo. He was then assigned to transport gunpowder from Manila to Cavite. However, his courage was immediately tested in the Battle of Binakayan the next day. Seeing his bravery, Aguinaldo gave him the rank of captain afterward. From there, he was promoted to colonel then brigadier general.

On 1 March 1897, the Spanish forces under Colonel Pedro Zabala reached the town of Salitran. They successfully weakened the Filipino troops, including Yengko who was shot in the abdomen. He was treated in a military hospital in Imus, but eventually died after two days.

References

  • Arsenio, Manuel. 1955. Dictionary of Philippine Biography Volume 1. Quezon City: Filipiniana Publications.
  • National Historical Commission of the Philippines. 2015. Martyrs & Patriots. Accessed 17 April 2021. https://nhcp.gov.ph/resource/filipinos-in-history/martyrs/.
  • Quirino, Carlos. 1995. Who's who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books.
  • Zaide, Gregorio. 1970. Great Filipinos in History. Manila: Verde Bookstore.

Citation

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