First Lady of the Philippines
First Lady of the Philippines is the unofficial title of the hostess of the Malacañang Palace. Because this position is traditionally filled by the wife of the President of the Philippines, the title is sometimes taken to apply only to the wife of a sitting president. Some famous former First Ladies include Imelda Marcos, Luz Magsaysay, Aurora Quezon, Evangelina Macapagal, and Luisa Estrada.
Role of the First Lady
The First Lady is not an elected position. She carries no official duties and earns no salary. Nonetheless, she attends many official ceremonies and functions of state either along with or in place of the president. The First Lady also frequently participates in humanitarian and charitable work. Furthermore, many have taken an active role in presidential campaigns. Imelda Marcos, under the administration of her husband Ferdinand Marcos, was given a formal job as Governor of Metro Manila and as Minister of Human Settlements during their 21-year stay in the palace. She was also the first First Lady to enter the world of Philippine politics by winning a seat in the Interim Batasang Pambansa in 1978. In 2001, Luisa Estrada became the first First Lady to win a seat in the Senate.
The wife of the Vice President of the Philippines is sometimes referred to as the Second Lady; however, this title is less common.
The husband of a female president is known as the "First Gentleman".
First Ladies/Gentlemen of the Philippines
|First Lady/Gentleman||Relation to President||From||To|
|Hilaria del Rosario Aguinaldo||wife of Emilio Aguinaldo||January 23, 1899||April 1, 1901|
|Aurora Aragon Quezon||wife of Manuel L. Quezon||November 15, 1935||August 1, 1944|
|Pacencia Hidalgo Laurel||wife of Jose P. Laurel||October 14, 1943||August 14, 1945|
|Esperanza Limjap Osmeña||wife of Sergio Osmeña||August 1, 1944||May 28, 1946|
|Trinidad de Leon Roxas||wife of Manuel Roxas||May 28, 1946||April 15, 1948|
|Victoria Syquia Quirino||daughter of Elpidio Quirino||April 17, 1948||December 30, 1953|
|Luz Banzon Magsaysay||wife of Ramon Magsaysay||December 30, 1953||March 17, 1957|
|Leonila Dimataga Garcia||wife of Carlos P. Garcia||March 23, 1957||December 30, 1961|
|Evangelina Macaraeg Macapagal||wife of Diosdado Macapagal||December 30, 1961||December 30, 1965|
|Imelda Romualdez Marcos||wife of Ferdinand Marcos||December 30, 1965||February 25, 1986|
|Benigno Simeon Aquino, Jr.||husband of Corazon C. Aquino||(did not officially serve)|
|Amelita Martinez Ramos||wife of Fidel V. Ramos||June 30, 1992||June 30, 1998|
|Luisa Pimentel Ejercito Estrada||wife of Joseph Estrada||June 30, 1998||January 20, 2001|
|Jose Miguel Tuason Arroyo||husband of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo||January 20, 2001||June 30, 2010|
|none||Benigno Aquino III||June 30, 2010||June 30, 2016|
|none||Rodrigo Duterte||June 30, 2016|
- Pacencia Laurel served as First Lady under the Japanese-sponsored Second Republic (1943-1945).
- Victoria Quirino served as hostess and consort to her father, Elpidio Quirino, who was a widower at the time of his presidency (1948-1953).
- Benigno 'Ninoy' Aquino was assassinated in 1983 even before his wife served as president.
First Ladies of the Philippines