Fernando Valdes

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Fernando Valdés y Tamón (14 February 1681 – 18th century)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 14 August 1729 to July 1739.[2]

Biography

Valdés was the son of García Valdés Tamón and Inés de la Lastra.[3] He began his military career as a cadet in the presidium of Oran, a costal city in present-day Algeria, where he remained for five years.[4] He eventually went back to Spain, and participated in campaigns during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714).[5] After the war, he continued serving in the military.[6] He was eventually appointed as Governor-General of the Philippines through a royal order dated 25 October 1727.[7] He began his term of office on 14 August 1729, succeeding Toribio José Cosío.[8]

He supported the expedition of the Jesuits to the Marianas Islands in 1731. He then issued decrees concerning the welfare of the natives in the islands. However, the expedition failed to conquer the islands.[9] He entered into negotiations with Sultan Ali Muddin, resulting in the signing of a peace treaty on 1 February 1737 which aimed to stop the raids of Moro pirates in coastal towns.[10] He made ordinances regarding the administration of the colonial government.[11] He renewed the armament of the troops, repaired damaged walls around Manila, and boosted the shipbuilding capabilities of the archipelago.[12] He was able to have the ban on exports of Chinese silk to Mexico lifted.[13] Concerned about improving the lives of agricultural laborers, he limited their daily work schedule to nine hours and ordered their protection against abuses by colonial officials.[14]

He asked that his tenure be ended, leading to him vacating the office of governor-general in July 1739.[15] He was succeeded by Gaspar de la Torre.[16] He went back to Spain afterwards.[17]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "Fernando Valdés Tamón," accessed 19 February 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/55799/fernando-valdes-tamon
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 293.
  3. Real Academia de la Historia, "Fernando Valdés Tamón."
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "Fernando Valdés Tamón."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "Fernando Valdés Tamón."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "Fernando Valdés Tamón."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "Fernando Valdés Tamón."
  8. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  9. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  10. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  11. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  12. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  13. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  14. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  15. Real Academia de la Historia, "Fernando Valdés Tamón."
  16. Real Academia de la Historia, "Fernando Valdés Tamón."
  17. Real Academia de la Historia, "Fernando Valdés Tamón."

Citation

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