Fernando Poe, Jr.

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Ronald Allan Kelley Poe, better known by his screen name Fernando Poe, Jr, was a leading Philippine action star and a former presidential candidate. He was an icon admired by millions of Filipinos. His bid for presidency in the 2004 presidential elections against the popular and incumbent Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was unsuccessful. He was commonly known as "FPJ" and "Da King." He died at the age of 65 on December 14, 2004 after suffering a stroke.


Biography

Ronald Allan K. Poe was the son of Filipino actor Allan Fernando R. Poe (Fernando Poe, Sr.) and Elizabeth Kelley, an American. He was born in San Carlos City, Pangasinan. His parents were not yet legally married when he was born in 1939, although his parents were later married in 1940. His opponents tried to derail his bid for the presidency when they sought to disqualify him as an illegitimate son of a non-Filipino mother. He was the second among six siblings and it was his brother Andy who was really named Fernando Poe, Jr. which FPJ later adopted, to bank on the popularity of his father who was a top actor in his time. Conrad Poe, a Filipino actor is FPJ's half-brother, the illegitimate son of the late Fernando Poe Sr. and actress Patricia Mijares.

Pou is the original spelling of the family's surname from his grandfather, playwright Lorenzo Pou, a Catalan migrant from Majorca, Spain, who ventured into mining and business in the Philippines.

In 1953 Poe finished his primary education at San Beda College. For high school, he went to San Sebastian College. He continued his education at Mapua Institute of Technology and University of the East. His father died from rabies at age 35, leaving the young Poe as the family's breadwinner. In order to support his family, he was forced to drop out of school. He did not complete high school, but went on to win numerous awards and prizes as an actor and film director.

In December 1968 FPJ married actress Susan Roces in a civil ceremony. They were later married in church with the then President Ferdinand Marcos and First Lady Imelda Marcos as their primary sponsors. Mary Grace is their adopted child.

During the presidential campaign in February 2004, Poe admitted to having sired a child out of wedlock. Ronian, or Ron Allan, was Poe's son by former actress Anna Marin.

Acting Career

At an early age, Poe was already exposed to Philippine show business by his father who was then a popular actor. He worked as a messenger boy, and was given acting roles in subsequent years. As a young actor, he had small parts in several movies producede by his father, Fernando Poe, Sr. He started as a stuntman for Everlasting Pictures and at the age of 14, the young Poe began his career with a starring role in Anak ni Palaris.

The movie, Lo Waist Gang (1957) made him popular, and the film was such a big hit that low-waist pants became a fad. From the 1950s, he played underdog heroes which characterized him as the champion of the poor and downtrodden. This image prevailed and the Filipino public looked up to him because he represented the good and noble in Filipino culture.

FPJ starred in nearly 300 films in his 46-year career as an action star. In 1961, he established FPJ Productions and later, other film companies such as D'Lanor, JAFERE, and Rosas Productions. Poe was dubbed as the "Da King" of Philippine movies because of his box office hits. Among his famous movies include the Ang Panday series, Kahit Konting Pagtingin, Dito sa Pitong Gatang and Aguila. His last movie was Pakners which also starred 9-ball billards champion Efren "Bata" Reyes.

Presidential Bid

Lacking experience in the political arena, Poe expressed his intentions of running for the presidency, having been urged by his close friends and supporters, particularly deposed-president Joseph Estrada. He was a close friend of Estrada, another actor turned politician.

FPJ had a family-friendly image, which was marred somewhat by an admission that he had fathered a child out of wedlock. Another issue that hindered his campaign was a dispute over whether he could even stand as a presidential candidate. His Philippine citizenship also raised some doubts since he was born to an American mother. But the Supreme Court in Manila ruled that he was an eligible candidate.

Poe lost the election against incumbent Gloria Macapagal Arroyo by 1.1 million votes. Senator Loren Legarda, his running mate filed protests to the Presidential Electoral Tribunal, suspecting massive cheating. Legarda vowed to continue the protest despite Poe's untimely death.


Death

On the evening of December 11, 2004, FPJ was admitted to St. Luke's Medical Center in Quezon City after complaining of dizziness at a gathering in his production studio's premise. He slipped into a coma after suffering from a stroke while being treated for a brain clot. Cerebral thrombosis with multiple organ failure was the doctor's diagnosis of his condition. On December 14 at 12:01am, at the age of 65, Poe died. Poe is survived by his wife, Susan Roces, daughter, Mary Grace and his illegitimate son, Ronian or Ron Allan.

Wanting to get a last glimpse of FPJ, thousands of people flocked to the venue of the nine-day wake, Sto. Domingo Church in Quezon City. The streets of Quezon city were crowded with supporters during the funeral procession until FPJ was laid in his family lot in Manila North Cemetery.

National Artist

On May 25, 2006, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo posthumously awarded her chief political rival the highest artistic honor of the country as a National Artist for film. Arroyo said in Proclamation 1069 "the works and achievements of the late Ronald Allan K. Poe also known as Fernando Poe, Jr. in the field of film are reflective of this pre-eminent excellence, and the national genius that contributes to the artistic heritage of the Philippines and the world."

He was honored alongside Bienvenido Lumbera, literature; Abdulmari Asia Imao, sculpture; Ramon Valera, fashion design; Ildefonso Santos Jr., architecture; Benedicto Cabrera, painting; and Ramon Obusan, dance. He was honored despite many controversies surrounding his nomination. His widow Susan Roces declined to accept his posthumous award during the Malacañang Palace awards ceremony on June 8, 2006.


Filmography

  1. Pakners (2003) .... Nanding
  2. Alamat ng lawin, Ang (2002) .... Lawin
  3. Batas ng lansangan (2002) .... Ruben Medrano
  4. Ayos na ang kasunod (2000) .... Ramon
  5. Dalubhasa, Ang (2000) .... Dr. Jimmy de Guzman

90's

  1. Isusumbong kita sa tatay ko (1999) .... Badong
  2. Alyas Lakay (1999)
  3. Hindi pa tapos ang laban (1999)
  4. Pagbabalik ng probinsiyano (1998)
  5. Epimaco Velasco (1997) .... Epimaco Velasco
  6. Eseng ng Tondo (1997) .... Eusebio "Eseng .45" Natividad
  7. Probinsyano, Ang (1997) .... Ador de Leon/Kardo de Leon
  8. Hagedorn (1996) .... Edward Hagedorn
  9. Ikaw ang mahal ko (1996)
  10. Isang bala ka lang, part II (1996) .... Rodriguez
  11. Syota kong balikbayan, Ang (1996)
  12. Gising na... ang higanteng natutulog (1995)
  13. Kahit butas ng karayom (1995) .... Daniel
  14. Minsan pa (Kahit konting pagtingin 2) (1995) .... Delfin
  15. Walang matigas na tinapay sa mainit na kape (1994)
  16. Paranaque Bank Robbery: The Joselito Joseco Story (1993) .... Fernando
  17. Dito sa pitong gatang (1992) .... Berting Cayabyab
  18. Mabuting kaibigan... masamang kaaway (1991)
  19. May isang tsuper ng taxi (1990)
  20. Hindi ka na sisikatan ng araw (Kapag puno na ang salop part III) (1990) .... Guerrero
  21. Kahit konting pagtingin (1990) .... Delfin

80's

  1. Wanted Pamilya Banal (1989)
  2. Ako ang Huhusga (Kapag puno na ang salop part II) (1989) .... Guerrero
  3. Agila ng Maynila (1989)
  4. Gawa na ang balang papatay sa iyo (1988)
  5. Sheman: Mistress of the Universe (1988) .... Panday
  6. One day, isang araw (1988)
  7. Batas sa aking kamay (1987)
  8. Kapag lumaban ang api (1987)
  9. Kapag puno na ang salop (1987) .... Guerrero
  10. No Retreat... No Surrender... Si Kumander (1987)
  11. Iyo ang Tondo, kanya ang Cavite (1986)
  12. Kalibre .45 (1986)
  13. Muslim Magnum .357 (1986)
  14. Isa-isa lang (1985)
  15. Padrino, Ang (1985)
  16. Partida (1985) .... Ben Serrano
  17. Daang hari (1984)
  18. Sierra Madre (1984)
  19. Sigaw ng katarungan (1984) .... Alfredo Javier
  20. Panday IV (Ika-apat na aklat), Ang (1984) .... Flavio
  21. Batang Quiapo (1983)
  22. Isang bala ka lang! (1983) .... Rodriguez
  23. Roman Rapido (1983) .... Roman Rapido
  24. Umpisahan mo... Tatapusin ko! (1983)
  25. Panday... Ikatlong yugto, Ang (1982) .... Flavio
  26. Daniel Bartolo ng Sapang Bato (1982) .... Daniel Bartolo
  27. Manedyer... si kumander (1982)
  28. Bandido sa Sapang Bato (1981)
  29. Maestro, Ang (1981)
  30. Pagbabalik ng panday, Ang (1981) .... Flavio
  31. Aguila (1980) .... Daniel Aguila
  32. Lihim ng Guadalupe, Ang (1980)
  33. Agila at ang falcon, Ang (1980)
  34. Panday, Ang (1980) .... Flavio

70's

  1. Durugin si Totoy Bato (1979) .... Totoy Bato
  2. Mahal... saan ka nanggaling kagabi (1979)
  3. At muling nagbaga ang lupa (1979)
  4. Isa para sa lahat, lahat para sa isa (1979)
  5. Mahal... ginagabi ka na naman (1979)
  6. King (1978)
  7. Mata ni Angelita, Mga (1978)
  8. Patayin si Mediavillo (1978)
  9. Kumander Ulupong (1978)
  10. Lalaki, ang alamat, at ang baril, Ang (1978)
  11. It Happened One Night (1978)
  12. Little Christmas Tree (1977)
  13. Bontoc (1977)
  14. Totoy Bato (1977)
  15. Tutubing kalabaw, tutubing karayom (1977)
  16. Bato sa buhangin (1976)
  17. Happy Days Are Here Again (1975/I)
  18. Leon at ang daga, Ang (1975)
  19. Batya't palo palo (1974)
  20. Esteban (1973)
  21. Karnabal (1973)
  22. Alamat, Ang (1972)
  23. Magiting at pusakal (1972)
  24. Salaginto't salagubang (1972)
  25. Santo Domingo (1972)
  26. Asedillo (1971)
  27. Santiago (1970)
  28. Divina Gracia (1970) .... Benedik


60's

  1. Ikaw ang lahat sa akin (1969)
  2. Perlas ng silangan (1969) .... Amid
  3. 3 Hari (1968)
  4. Alyas 1 2 3 (1968)
  5. Barbaro Cristobal (1968)
  6. Dayuhan, Ang (1968)
  7. Dos por dos (1968)
  8. Magpakailan man (1968)
  9. Mangliligpit, Ang (1968)
  10. Pagbabalik ni Daniel Barrion, Ang (1968) .... Daniel Barrion
  11. Sorrento (1968)
  12. Tanging ikaw (1968)
  13. Tatlong hari (1968)
  14. To Susan with Love (1968)
  15. Alabok sa lupa, Mga (1967)
  16. Alamat ng 7 kilabot (1967)
  17. Baril at rosaryo (1967)
  18. Langit at lupa (1967)
  19. San Bernardo (1966)
  20. Zamboanga (1966)
  21. The Ravagers (1965) .... Gaudiel
  22. Daigdig ko'y ikaw, Ang (1965)
  23. Pilipinas kong mahal (1965)
  24. Intramuros (1964) .... Nardo
  25. Walang hanggan! (1964)
  26. Sierra Madre (1963)
  27. Ito ang Maynila (1963)
  28. Sigaw ng digmaan (1963)
  29. Ako ang katarungan (1962)
  30. Suicide Commandoes (1962)
  31. Batang Maynila (1962)
  32. Mga tigreng taga-bukid (1962)
  33. Apollo Robles (1961)
  34. Baril sa baril (1961) .... Daniel Baron
  35. Markado (1960)
  36. Walang daigdig (1960)
  37. Gabi ng lagim (1960) .... (segment 4)
  38. Lo' Waist Gang Joins the Armed Forces (1960)
  39. Rancho Grande (1960)


50's

  1. Pitong gatang (1959)
  2. Tough Guy (1959)
  3. Anak ng bulkan (1959)
  4. Laban sa lahat (1958)
  5. Lo' Waist Gang at si Og sa Mindoro (1958)
  6. Pepeng Kaliwete (1958) .... Pepeng Kaliwete
  7. Lutong makaw (1958)
  8. Obra-maestra (1958) .... (segment "Tokyo")
  9. Lacuacheros, Los (1957)
  10. Bakasyon grande (1957)
  11. Kamay ni Cain (1957)
  12. Lo' Waist Gang (1956)
  13. Anak ni palaris (1955)
  14. Rosita Nobles (1955)
  15. Isang dakot na bigas (????)
  16. Tatak barbaro (????)


Director

Fernando Poe, Jr. also directed nine movies, under the pseudonym Ronwaldo Reyes. Reyes originated from the surname of his paternal grandmother, Martha.

  1. Alamat ng lawin, Ang (2002)
  2. Batas ng lansangan (2002)
  3. Dalubhasa, Ang (2000)
  4. Hindi pa tapos ang laban (1999)
  5. Pagbabalik ng probinsiyano (1998)
  6. Eseng ng Tondo (1997)
  7. Probinsyano, Ang (1997)
  8. Isang bala ka lang, part II (1996)
  9. Kahit butas ng karayom (1995)
  10. Ako ang huhusga (Kapag puno na ang salop part II) (1989)
  11. Muslim Magnum .357 (1986)
  12. Padrino, Ang (1985)
  13. Panday IV (Ika-apat na aklat), Ang (1984)
  14. Isang bala ka lang! (1983)
  15. Umpisahan mo... Tatapusin ko! (1983)
  16. Panday... Ikatlong yugto, Ang (1982)
  17. Maestro, Ang (1981)
  18. Pagbabalik ng panday, Ang (1981)
  19. Panday, Ang (1980)
  20. At muling nagbaga ang lupa (1979)
  21. 3 Hari (1968)
  22. Niño, El (1968)
  23. Tatlong hari (1968)
  24. Langit at lupa (1967)
  25. San Bernardo (1966)


Producer

  1. Alamat ng lawin, Ang (2002)
  2. Pagbabalik ng probinsiyano (1998)
  3. Wanted Pamilya Banal (1989)
  4. Agila ng Maynila (1989)
  5. Adios mi amor (1971)
  6. Si siyanang at ang 7 tsikiting (1966)
  7. Daigdig ko'y ikaw, Ang (1965)
  8. Captain Barbell (1964)


Awards

Cinemanila International Film Festival

  • 2000 Lifetime Achievement Award

FAMAS Awards

  • 2005 Natatanging Alagad ng Sining (posthumous)
  • 2000 FAMAS Lifetime Achievement Award
  • 1997 Presidential Award
  • 1996 FAMAS Best Director for: Kahit Butas ng Karayom (1995)
  • 1988 FAMAS Hall of Fame (Actor)
  • 1987 FAMAS Best Actor for: Muslim Magnum .357 (1986)
  • 1985 FAMAS Best Director for: Padrino, Ang (1985)
  • 1984 FAMAS Best Actor for: Umpisahan mo... Tatapusin ko! (1983)
  • 1980 FAMAS Best Actor for: Durugin si Totoy Bato (1979)
  • 1972 FAMAS Best Actor for: Asedillo (1971)
  • 1971 FAMAS Best Story for: Anghel na walang langit, Mga (1970)
  • 1968 FAMAS Best Actor for: Alabok sa lupa, Mga (1967)


Film Academy of the Philippines

  • 1996 FAP Best Actor for: Kahit butas ng karayom (1995)
  • 1987 FAP Best Actor for: Muslim Magnum .357 (1986)
  • 1984 FAP Best Actor for: Umpisahan mo... Tatapusin ko! (1983)


Gawad Urian Awards

  • 2002 Lifetime Achievement Award


References

(accessed on January 11, 2008).


External Links


Citation

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