Felipe Buencamino Sr.
Felipe Buencamino Sr. (September 23, 1848-February 6, 1929) was a lawyer by profession, a revolutionary leader, a statesman, a cabinet secretary during the First Philippine Republic and was one of the founders of the Philippine Independent Church.
He was born in San Miguel, Bulacan to Victor Buencamino and Petrona Siojo. Before the Hispanization of the Philippine natives, his surname was Magalingdaan. Felipe studied at the University of Santo Tomas, obtained an A.B. degree and graduated with honors. He also received a diploma in law from the same university in 1884.
As a public servant
Buencamino served in the Spanish government as a judge of the Court of First Instance of Batanes, 1886 and in Tayabas (now Quezon), 1888. A registrar of deeds in Ilocos Sur, 1891.He was one of the framers of the 1899 Political Constitution of the Republic at Malolos, Bulacan. During the revolutionary government, Emilio Aguinaldo named Buencamino as secretario de fomento (in English: Secretary of Development).
As a nationalist
Buencamino was on the side of the Spaniards when the revolution broke out, but was accused of being a spy and was imprisoned in Cavite City. When he was freed, he immediately joined the revolutionary movement and fought in the battles of Kamansi and Mount Arayat.
- Quirino, Carlos. Who's Who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books, 1995.
- National Historical Institute. Historical Markers: Regions I-IV and CAR. Manila: National Historical Institute, 1993.
- "Central Luzon and NCR: Felipe Buencamino Sr." Unsung Heroes of the Philippines Revolution - MSC Communications Technologies, Inc. http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/hero/ncr/page2.html (accessed September 12, 2007).