Department of the Interior and Local Government

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The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Interyor at Pamahalaang Lokal) is the Philippine government's executive branch mandated to promote peace and order, ensure public safety, and strengthen the capability of local government units through active people participation and a professionalized corps of civil servants.[1] The DILG also supervises the Philippine National Police. Retired Armed Forces of the Philippines general Eduardo Año is the current secretary of the department.

History

Philippine Revolution

The beginnings of the DILG are rooted in the Philippine Revolution of 1897, with the establishment of the first Department of the Interior at the Tejeros Convention on 22 March 1897. A revolutionary government was also set up at the time, with General Emilio Aguinaldo elected as president and Andres Bonifacio as director of interior. However, Bonifacio did not assume the post. Instead, General Pascual Alvarez was appointed by President Aguinaldo as secretary of the interior on April 17, 1897 during the Naic Assembly.

The Department of the Interior was enclosed in the Biak-na-Bato Constitution, which was signed on 1 November 1897. Article XV of the Constitution defined the powers and functions of the Department of the Interior. These powers and functions included those related to statistics, roads and bridges, agriculture, public information and posts, and public order.

American Period

The Philippine Commission Act No. 222 made way for the creation of the Department of the Interior in 1901, which the Americans had headed until 1917. In September 1916, Governor-General Francis B. Harrison, through Executive Order No. 64, a pointed Rafael Palma as Secretary of Interior and served until his resignation in July 1920. The Interior Department was tasked with various functions ranging from supervision over local units, forest conservation, public instructions, control and supervision over the police, counter-insurgency, rehabilitation, community development and cooperatives development programs.

As the struggle for self-rule and independence continued, the interior department became the main office of the government tasked with varying functions—from supervision of local units, to forest conservation, public instruction, control and supervision of the police, counter-insurgency, rehabilitation, community development, and cooperative development programs.

Post War

In 1950, during Elpidio Quirino’s presidency, the Department of the Interior was abolished. Its functions were transferred to the Office of Local Government (later renamed Local Government and Civil Affairs), which was under the Office of the President.

On January 6, 1956, President Ramon Magsaysay created the Presidential Assistant on Community Development (PACD). This body was tasked to implement the Philippine Community Development Program, which would coordinate and integrate on a national scale the efforts of various government and civic agencies to improve the living conditions of  barrio residents nationwide and make them self-reliant.

Presidential Decree No 1, signed by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1972, established the Department of Local Government and Community Development (DLGCD) through Letter of Implementation No. 7 on  November 1, 1972.

In 1982, the DLGCD was renamed Ministry of Local Government (MLG) through Executive Order No. 777. It was further reorganized and renamed Department of Local Government (DLG) in 1987 through Executive Order No. 262.

1990s to Present

On 13 December 1990, the DLG went through another reorganization and was given its current name, Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG). The reorganization was pursuant to Republic Act No. 6975. The same law created the Philippine National Police (PNP) out of the Philippine Constabulary-Integrated National Police (PC-INP), which, together with the National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM), was integrated under the new DILG, the Bureau of Fire Protection, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and the Philippine Public Safety College; and absorbed the National Action Committee on Anti-Hijacking from the Department of National Defense (DND).

List of Secretaries of the Interior and Local Government

# Name Term Began Term Ended President Period
Director of the Interior Emilio Aguinaldo Katipunan revolutionarygovernment
Pascual Alvarez April 17, 1897 October 31, 1897
Minister of the Interior Biak-na-Bato Republic
Isabelo Artacho November 1, 1897 December 15, 1897
Leandro Ibarra June 23, 1898 December 1898 Revolutionary Government
1 Teodoro Sandico January 21, 1899 May 7, 1899 First Republic
2 Severino de las Alas May 7, 1899 November 13, 1899
Secretary of the Interior
A new Department of the Interior was created by the Philippine Commission in September 1901. Insular Government(American occupation)
Dean Worcester 1901 1913 N/A
Winfred T. Denison 1913 1916
Rafael Palma 1917 1920
Teodoro M. Kalaw 1920 1922
Jose P. Laurel 1922 1923
Felipe Agoncillo 1923 1925
Honorio Ventura 1925 1933
Teofilo Sison 1933 1935
3 Elpidio Quirino 1935 1938 Manuel L. Quezon Commonwealth
4 Rafael Alunan 1938 1940
Commissioner of the Interior N/A Japanese occupation
Benigno Aquino, Sr. 1942 1942
Minister of the Interior
Jose P. Laurel December 4, 1942 October 14, 1943
Secretary of the Interior Sergio Osmeña Sr. Commonwealth

(restored)

5 Tomas Confesor 1945 1945
Secretary of National Defense and the Interior
6 Alfredo Montelibano, Sr. July 11, 1945 May 27, 1946
Secretaries of the Interior Manuel Roxas Third Republic
7 Jose Zulueta 1946 1948
8 Sotero J. Baluyut 1948 1950 Elpidio Quirino
The Department of the Interior was abolished in 1950.
In 1956, the office of the Presidential Assistants on Community Development (PACD) was created,having roles resembling that of the Department of the Interior, except supervision over the police force.Notable PACD executive officers are Rafael Binamira, Hilarion Henares, Jr., Cesar Climaco and Ernesto Maceda.
Secretary of Local Government and Community Development Ferdinand Marcos
9 Jose Roño January 1, 1973 1978
Minister of Local Government and Community Development Fourth Republic
* Jose Roño 1978 1982
Ministers of Local Government
* Jose Roño 1982 February 25, 1986
10 Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. February 26, 1986 March 25, 1986 Corazon C. Aquino Fifth Republic
Secretaries of Local Government
Aquilino Pimentel Jr. March 25, 1986 December 7, 1986
11 Jaime Ferrer December 8, 1986 August 2, 1987
Lito Monico Lorenzana (acting) August 3, 1987 November 8, 1987
12 Luis T. Santos November 9, 1987 December 10, 1991
Secretaries of Interior and Local Government
13 Cesar Sarino December 11, 1991 June 30, 1992
14 Rafael M. Alunan, III June 30, 1992 April 16, 1996 Fidel V. Ramos
15 Robert Z. Barbers April 16, 1996 February 4, 1998
16 Epimaco Velasco February 4, 1998 May 30, 1998
Nelson Collantes (OIC) June 1, 1998 June 30, 1998
17 Joseph Estrada June 30, 1998 April 12, 1999 Joseph Estrada
18 Ronaldo Puno April 12, 1999 January 10, 2000
19 Alfredo Lim January 10, 2000 January 20, 2001
Anselmo Avelino, Jr. (OIC) January 20, 2001 January 28, 2001 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
20 Jose Lina, Jr. January 29, 2001 July 11, 2004
21 Gen. Angelo T. Reyes, AFP (Ret.) July 12, 2004 February 16, 2006
22 Ronaldo Puno April 4, 2006 June 30, 2010
Benigno Simeon Aquino III (OIC) June 30, 2010 July 9, 2010 Benigno S. Aquino III
23 Jesse Robredo July 9, 2010 August 18, 2012
Paquito Ochoa, Jr. (OIC) August 19, 2012 September 19, 2012
24 Mar Roxas September 20, 2012 September 11, 2015
25 Mel Senen Sarmiento September 14, 2015 June 30, 2016
26 Ismael Sueno June 30, 2016 April 4, 2017 Rodrigo Duterte
Police Maj. Gen. Catalino Cuy (Ret.) (OIC) April 5, 2017 January 4, 2018
27 Gen. Eduardo M Año, AFP (Ret.) January 5, 2018 November 6, 2018
November 6, 2018 Incumbent

References

  1. http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1990/ra_6975_1990.html The Lawphil Project. Retrieved July 15, 2021