Department of the Interior and Local Government
The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Interyor at Pamahalaang Lokal) is the Philippine government's executive branch mandated to promote peace and order, ensure public safety, and strengthen the capability of local government units through active people participation and a professionalized corps of civil servants. The DILG also supervises the Philippine National Police. Retired Armed Forces of the Philippines general Eduardo Año is the current secretary of the department.
The beginnings of the DILG are rooted in the Philippine Revolution of 1897, with the establishment of the first Department of the Interior at the Tejeros Convention on 22 March 1897. A revolutionary government was also set up at the time, with General Emilio Aguinaldo elected as president and Andres Bonifacio as director of interior. However, Bonifacio did not assume the post. Instead, General Pascual Alvarez was appointed by President Aguinaldo as secretary of the interior on April 17, 1897 during the Naic Assembly.
The Department of the Interior was enclosed in the Biak-na-Bato Constitution, which was signed on 1 November 1897. Article XV of the Constitution defined the powers and functions of the Department of the Interior. These powers and functions included those related to statistics, roads and bridges, agriculture, public information and posts, and public order.
The Philippine Commission Act No. 222 made way for the creation of the Department of the Interior in 1901, which the Americans had headed until 1917. In September 1916, Governor-General Francis B. Harrison, through Executive Order No. 64, a pointed Rafael Palma as Secretary of Interior and served until his resignation in July 1920. The Interior Department was tasked with various functions ranging from supervision over local units, forest conservation, public instructions, control and supervision over the police, counter-insurgency, rehabilitation, community development and cooperatives development programs.
As the struggle for self-rule and independence continued, the interior department became the main office of the government tasked with varying functions—from supervision of local units, to forest conservation, public instruction, control and supervision of the police, counter-insurgency, rehabilitation, community development, and cooperative development programs.
In 1950, during Elpidio Quirino’s presidency, the Department of the Interior was abolished. Its functions were transferred to the Office of Local Government (later renamed Local Government and Civil Affairs), which was under the Office of the President.
On January 6, 1956, President Ramon Magsaysay created the Presidential Assistant on Community Development (PACD). This body was tasked to implement the Philippine Community Development Program, which would coordinate and integrate on a national scale the efforts of various government and civic agencies to improve the living conditions of barrio residents nationwide and make them self-reliant.
Presidential Decree No 1, signed by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1972, established the Department of Local Government and Community Development (DLGCD) through Letter of Implementation No. 7 on November 1, 1972.
In 1982, the DLGCD was renamed Ministry of Local Government (MLG) through Executive Order No. 777. It was further reorganized and renamed Department of Local Government (DLG) in 1987 through Executive Order No. 262.
1990s to Present
On 13 December 1990, the DLG went through another reorganization and was given its current name, Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG). The reorganization was pursuant to Republic Act No. 6975. The same law created the Philippine National Police (PNP) out of the Philippine Constabulary-Integrated National Police (PC-INP), which, together with the National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM), was integrated under the new DILG, the Bureau of Fire Protection, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and the Philippine Public Safety College; and absorbed the National Action Committee on Anti-Hijacking from the Department of National Defense (DND).
List of Secretaries of the Interior and Local Government
|#||Name||Term Began||Term Ended||President||Period|
|Director of the Interior||Emilio Aguinaldo||Katipunan revolutionarygovernment|
|Pascual Alvarez||April 17, 1897||October 31, 1897|
|Minister of the Interior||Biak-na-Bato Republic|
|Isabelo Artacho||November 1, 1897||December 15, 1897|
|Leandro Ibarra||June 23, 1898||December 1898||Revolutionary Government|
|1||Teodoro Sandico||January 21, 1899||May 7, 1899||First Republic|
|2||Severino de las Alas||May 7, 1899||November 13, 1899|
|Secretary of the Interior|
|A new Department of the Interior was created by the Philippine Commission in September 1901.||Insular Government(American occupation)|
|Winfred T. Denison||1913||1916|
|Teodoro M. Kalaw||1920||1922|
|Jose P. Laurel||1922||1923|
|3||Elpidio Quirino||1935||1938||Manuel L. Quezon||Commonwealth|
|Commissioner of the Interior||N/A||Japanese occupation|
|Benigno Aquino, Sr.||1942||1942|
|Minister of the Interior|
|Jose P. Laurel||December 4, 1942||October 14, 1943|
|Secretary of the Interior||Sergio Osmeña Sr.||Commonwealth
|Secretary of National Defense and the Interior|
|6||Alfredo Montelibano, Sr.||July 11, 1945||May 27, 1946|
|Secretaries of the Interior||Manuel Roxas||Third Republic|
|8||Sotero J. Baluyut||1948||1950||Elpidio Quirino|
|The Department of the Interior was abolished in 1950.|
|In 1956, the office of the Presidential Assistants on Community Development (PACD) was created,having roles resembling that of the Department of the Interior, except supervision over the police force.Notable PACD executive officers are Rafael Binamira, Hilarion Henares, Jr., Cesar Climaco and Ernesto Maceda.|
|Secretary of Local Government and Community Development||Ferdinand Marcos|
|9||Jose Roño||January 1, 1973||1978|
|Minister of Local Government and Community Development||Fourth Republic|
|Ministers of Local Government|
|*||Jose Roño||1982||February 25, 1986|
|10||Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.||February 26, 1986||March 25, 1986||Corazon C. Aquino||Fifth Republic|
|Secretaries of Local Government|
|Aquilino Pimentel Jr.||March 25, 1986||December 7, 1986|
|11||Jaime Ferrer||December 8, 1986||August 2, 1987|
|Lito Monico Lorenzana (acting)||August 3, 1987||November 8, 1987|
|12||Luis T. Santos||November 9, 1987||December 10, 1991|
|Secretaries of Interior and Local Government|
|13||Cesar Sarino||December 11, 1991||June 30, 1992|
|14||Rafael M. Alunan, III||June 30, 1992||April 16, 1996||Fidel V. Ramos|
|15||Robert Z. Barbers||April 16, 1996||February 4, 1998|
|16||Epimaco Velasco||February 4, 1998||May 30, 1998|
|Nelson Collantes (OIC)||June 1, 1998||June 30, 1998|
|17||Joseph Estrada||June 30, 1998||April 12, 1999||Joseph Estrada|
|18||Ronaldo Puno||April 12, 1999||January 10, 2000|
|19||Alfredo Lim||January 10, 2000||January 20, 2001|
|Anselmo Avelino, Jr. (OIC)||January 20, 2001||January 28, 2001||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo|
|20||Jose Lina, Jr.||January 29, 2001||July 11, 2004|
|21||Gen. Angelo T. Reyes, AFP (Ret.)||July 12, 2004||February 16, 2006|
|22||Ronaldo Puno||April 4, 2006||June 30, 2010|
|Benigno Simeon Aquino III (OIC)||June 30, 2010||July 9, 2010||Benigno S. Aquino III|
|23||Jesse Robredo||July 9, 2010||August 18, 2012|
|Paquito Ochoa, Jr. (OIC)||August 19, 2012||September 19, 2012|
|24||Mar Roxas||September 20, 2012||September 11, 2015|
|25||Mel Senen Sarmiento||September 14, 2015||June 30, 2016|
|26||Ismael Sueno||June 30, 2016||April 4, 2017||Rodrigo Duterte|
|Police Maj. Gen. Catalino Cuy (Ret.) (OIC)||April 5, 2017||January 4, 2018|
|27||Gen. Eduardo M Año, AFP (Ret.)||January 5, 2018||November 6, 2018|
|November 6, 2018||Incumbent|
- http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1990/ra_6975_1990.html The Lawphil Project. Retrieved July 15, 2021