Department of Transportation

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The Department of Transportation (DOTr; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Transportasyon) is the entity of the executive branch of the Philippine government whose primary tasks are to plan, program, coordinate, implement and administer policies for the promotion, development and regulation of a reliable and coordinated network of transportation systems for national progress. Arthur Tugade is the current secretary of the department.

The department was previously the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC; Filipino: Kagawarán ng Transportasyón at Komunikasyón) and began to exist in its current iteration on June 30, 2016. This was following outgoing president Benigno Simeon Aquino III's signing on May 20, 2016 of Republic Act No. 10844, or "An Act Creating the Department of Information and Communications Technology," which spun off the Information and Communications Technology Office of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and merged it with all operative units of the DOTC that were working on communications to create the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT).

History

First Philippine Republic

The history of the Department of Transportation and Communications can be traced back to the establishment of the first Council of Government of the First Philippine Republic. In 1899, Gracio Gonzaga was appointed secretary of public welfare, which included the transportation and communications services. When Pedro Paterno became president, the department became the Communicaciones y Obras Publicas (Communications and Public Works Department), with Maximo Paterno as secretary.

American Period

In 1902, the Philippine Commission established the Department of Commerce and Police. It evolved into the Department of Commerce and Communications under Reorganization Act No. 2666 of 1916. From 1917 to 1922, Cebu governor Dionisio Jakosalem served as secretary of commerce and communications and implemented the construction of roads and public buildings, linking the southern and northern parts of the province.

The Department of Commerce and Communications became the Department of Public Works and Communications (DPWC) in 1931, when the Philippine Legislature passed Act No. 4007. It lacked the proper composition and functions as a department until its reorganization on November 15, 1935, during the inauguration of the Commonwealth government. The DPWC was composed of the Bureau of Public Works, Ports, Aeronautics, Coast and Geodetic Survey; Metropolitan Water District Division of Marine, Railway and Repair Shop; National Radio Broadcasting; Irrigation Council; and Board of Examiners for Civil, Mechanical, Chemical and Mining Engineers.

President Manuel L. Quezon reorganized and regrouped the cabinet during the Japanese occupation, making the DPWC the Department of National Defense, Public Works, Communications and Labor.

When the Philippine Executive Commission was established in 1942, President Jose P. Laurel appointed Quintin Paredes as Minister of Public Works and Communications.

Post World War 2

After World War II, the Department of Public Works and Communications was re-established by virtue of Executive Order No. 27. In 1947, the Motor Vehicles Office was placed under the department's supervision. In 1954, as promulgated by Executive Order No. 392, the DPWC was transformed into the Department of Public Works, Transportation and Communications (DPWTC), which included the Bureaus of Public Works, Posts and Telecommunications; Motor Vehicles Office; Irrigation Council; Flood Control Commission; Radio Control Board; National Transportation Board; and Government Quarters Committee.

When President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law on September 21, 1972, the government implemented the Integrated Reorganization Plan No.1, which placed all the infrastructure functions of bureaus and offices under the DPWTC.

Through Administrative Order No. 2, the Bureau of Public Highways was expanded and became the Department of Public Highways on July 1, 1974. Five years later, the MPWTC was divided into two ministries: the Ministry of Public Works (MPW) and the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC). All bureaus and offices concerned with public works functions and activities went under the management of the MPW. Likewise, all offices involved in transportation and communications went under the supervision of the MOTC.

On 12 March 1987, the MOTC was reorganized and transformed into a department, pursuant to Executive Order No. 125 and 125-A.

On 2 January 2004, the Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT) was created by virtue of Executive Order No. 269, signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. It was composed of the National Computer Center (NCC), the Telecommunications Office (TELOF), and all other operating units of the DOTC that dealt with communications.

At Present: From DOTC to DOT

In 2016, with the creation of the Department of Information and Communications Technology, all units of the DOTC working on communications were transferred to the new department, leaving the DOTC with purely transportation-related functions, thus its new name, Department of Transportation (DOTr).

Organizational Structure

The Department is headed by the Secretary of Transportation, with the following seven undersecretaries and thirteen assistant secretaries

  • Undersecretary for Administration and Finance
  • Undersecretary for Aviation and Airports
  • Undersecretary for Legal Affairs and Procurement
  • Undersecretary for Maritime
  • Undersecretary for Planning and Project Development
  • Undersecretary for Railways
  • Undersecretary for Road and Infrastructure
  • Assistant Secretaries for Maritime
  • Assistant Secretaries for Planning
  • Assistant Secretaries for Road Transport and Infrastructure
  • Assistant Secretary for Administration and Finance
  • Assistant Secretary for Aviation Intelligence and Enforcement
  • Assistant Secretary for Communications
  • Assistant Secretary for Legal Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Procurement
  • Assistant Secretary for Project Implementation
  • Assistant Secretary for Railways

Attached agencies

The Mitsubishi Adventure Patrol car of the Land Transportation Office in Butuan City

Land (Road)

Rail

Air

Sea

Miscellaneous

Secretaries of Transportation

# Name Term Began Term Ended President
Minister of Public Works and Communications
1 Maximo Paterno January 21, 1899 November 13, 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo
Secretary of Public Works and Communications
2 Antonio de las Alas November 15, 1935 1936 Manuel L. Quezon
3 Mariano Jesús Cuenco 1936 1939
4 José Avelino 1939 1941
Secretary of National Defense, Public Works, Communications and Labor
5 Basilio Valdes December 23, 1941 August 1, 1944 Manuel L. Quezon
Secretary of Public Works and Communications
6 Jose Paez 1944 1945 Sergio Osmeña Sr.
7 Sotero Cabahug 1945 May 28, 1946
8 Ricardo Nepumoceno May 28, 1946 July 1, 1949 Manuel Roxas
Elpidio Quirino
9 Propsero Sanidad February 21, 1950 1951
10 Sotero Baluyut January 6, 1951 1952
11 Pablo Lorenzo May 6, 1952 1953
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation and Communications
12 Vicente Orosa March 10, 1954 1955 Ramon Magsaysay
13 Florencio Moreno April 30, 1955 December 30, 1961
Carlos P. Garcia
14 Marciano Bautista 1961 1962 Diosdado Macapagal
15 Paulino Cases 1962 1962
16 Brigido Valenica 1962 1963
17 Jorge Abad 1963 1965
18 Antonio V. Raquiza August 24, 1966 1968 Ferdinand Marcos
19 Rene Espina 1968 September 1969
20 Antonio Syquio September 1969 1970
21 David Consunji 1970 1975
22 Alfredo Juinio 1975 1978
Minister of Public Works, Transportation and Communications
Alfredo Juinio 1978 1981 Ferdinand Marcos
Minister of Transportation and Communications
23 Jose P. Dans 1981 1986 Ferdinand Marcos
Secretary of Transportation and Communications
24 Hernando B. Perez February 25, 1986 March 1987 Corazon C. Aquino
25 Rainerio O. Reyes March 1987 1989
26 Oscar Orbos January 3, 1990 December 9, 1990
27 Arturo Corona 1990 1992
28 Pete Nicomedes Prado 1992 1992
29 Jesus Garcia July 1992 March 1996 Fidel V. Ramos
30 Amado S. Lagdameo April 1996 April 1997
31 Arturo Enrile April 1997 January 1998
32 Josefina Trinidad-Luchauco January 1998 June 30, 1998
33 Vicente C. Rivera June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Joseph Estrada
34 Pantaleon Alvarez January 20, 2001 2002 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
35 Leandro Mendoza July 3, 2002 February 23, 2010
36 Anneli R. Lontoc (Acting) March 9, 2010 June 30, 2010
37 Jose De Jesus June 30, 2010 July 4, 2011 Benigno Simeon Aquino III
38 Mar Roxas July 4, 2011 October 18, 2012
39 Joseph Emilio Abaya October 18, 2012 June 30, 2016
Secretary of Transportation
40 Arthur Tugade June 30, 2016 Incumbent Rodrigo Duterte

External links