Department of Transportation
The Department of Transportation (DOTr; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Transportasyon) is the entity of the executive branch of the Philippine government whose primary tasks are to plan, program, coordinate, implement and administer policies for the promotion, development and regulation of a reliable and coordinated network of transportation systems for national progress. Arthur Tugade is the current secretary of the department.
The department was previously the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC; Filipino: Kagawarán ng Transportasyón at Komunikasyón) and began to exist in its current iteration on June 30, 2016. This was following outgoing president Benigno Simeon Aquino III's signing on May 20, 2016 of Republic Act No. 10844, or "An Act Creating the Department of Information and Communications Technology," which spun off the Information and Communications Technology Office of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and merged it with all operative units of the DOTC that were working on communications to create the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT).
First Philippine Republic
The history of the Department of Transportation and Communications can be traced back to the establishment of the first Council of Government of the First Philippine Republic. In 1899, Gracio Gonzaga was appointed secretary of public welfare, which included the transportation and communications services. When Pedro Paterno became president, the department became the Communicaciones y Obras Publicas (Communications and Public Works Department), with Maximo Paterno as secretary.
In 1902, the Philippine Commission established the Department of Commerce and Police. It evolved into the Department of Commerce and Communications under Reorganization Act No. 2666 of 1916. From 1917 to 1922, Cebu governor Dionisio Jakosalem served as secretary of commerce and communications and implemented the construction of roads and public buildings, linking the southern and northern parts of the province.
The Department of Commerce and Communications became the Department of Public Works and Communications (DPWC) in 1931, when the Philippine Legislature passed Act No. 4007. It lacked the proper composition and functions as a department until its reorganization on November 15, 1935, during the inauguration of the Commonwealth government. The DPWC was composed of the Bureau of Public Works, Ports, Aeronautics, Coast and Geodetic Survey; Metropolitan Water District Division of Marine, Railway and Repair Shop; National Radio Broadcasting; Irrigation Council; and Board of Examiners for Civil, Mechanical, Chemical and Mining Engineers.
When the Philippine Executive Commission was established in 1942, President Jose P. Laurel appointed Quintin Paredes as Minister of Public Works and Communications.
Post World War 2
After World War II, the Department of Public Works and Communications was re-established by virtue of Executive Order No. 27. In 1947, the Motor Vehicles Office was placed under the department's supervision. In 1954, as promulgated by Executive Order No. 392, the DPWC was transformed into the Department of Public Works, Transportation and Communications (DPWTC), which included the Bureaus of Public Works, Posts and Telecommunications; Motor Vehicles Office; Irrigation Council; Flood Control Commission; Radio Control Board; National Transportation Board; and Government Quarters Committee.
When President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law on September 21, 1972, the government implemented the Integrated Reorganization Plan No.1, which placed all the infrastructure functions of bureaus and offices under the DPWTC.
Through Administrative Order No. 2, the Bureau of Public Highways was expanded and became the Department of Public Highways on July 1, 1974. Five years later, the MPWTC was divided into two ministries: the Ministry of Public Works (MPW) and the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC). All bureaus and offices concerned with public works functions and activities went under the management of the MPW. Likewise, all offices involved in transportation and communications went under the supervision of the MOTC.
On 12 March 1987, the MOTC was reorganized and transformed into a department, pursuant to Executive Order No. 125 and 125-A.
On 2 January 2004, the Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT) was created by virtue of Executive Order No. 269, signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. It was composed of the National Computer Center (NCC), the Telecommunications Office (TELOF), and all other operating units of the DOTC that dealt with communications.
At Present: From DOTC to DOT
In 2016, with the creation of the Department of Information and Communications Technology, all units of the DOTC working on communications were transferred to the new department, leaving the DOTC with purely transportation-related functions, thus its new name, Department of Transportation (DOTr).
The Department is headed by the Secretary of Transportation, with the following seven undersecretaries and thirteen assistant secretaries
- Undersecretary for Administration and Finance
- Undersecretary for Aviation and Airports
- Undersecretary for Legal Affairs and Procurement
- Undersecretary for Maritime
- Undersecretary for Planning and Project Development
- Undersecretary for Railways
- Undersecretary for Road and Infrastructure
- Assistant Secretaries for Maritime
- Assistant Secretaries for Planning
- Assistant Secretaries for Road Transport and Infrastructure
- Assistant Secretary for Administration and Finance
- Assistant Secretary for Aviation Intelligence and Enforcement
- Assistant Secretary for Communications
- Assistant Secretary for Legal Affairs
- Assistant Secretary for Procurement
- Assistant Secretary for Project Implementation
- Assistant Secretary for Railways
- Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB)
- Land Transportation Office (LTO)
- Toll Regulatory Board (TRB)
- Light Rail Transit Authority (LRTA)
- Metro Rail Transit Corporation Though MRTC is not under the government, the DOTr supervises the operation of Line 3 (MRTC)
- Philippine National Railways (PNR)
- Philippine Railway Institute (PRI)
- Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB)
- Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP)
- Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC)
- Davao International Airport Authority (DIAA)
- Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA)
- Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA-NAIA)
- Cebu Port Authority (CPA)
- Maritime Industry Authority (MARINA)
- Philippine Coast Guard (PCG)
- Philippine Merchant Marine Academy (PMMA)
- Philippine Ports Authority (PPA)
Secretaries of Transportation
|#||Name||Term Began||Term Ended||President|
|Minister of Public Works and Communications|
|1||Maximo Paterno||January 21, 1899||November 13, 1899||Emilio Aguinaldo|
|Secretary of Public Works and Communications|
|2||Antonio de las Alas||November 15, 1935||1936||Manuel L. Quezon|
|3||Mariano Jesús Cuenco||1936||1939|
|Secretary of National Defense, Public Works, Communications and Labor|
|5||Basilio Valdes||December 23, 1941||August 1, 1944||Manuel L. Quezon|
|Secretary of Public Works and Communications|
|6||Jose Paez||1944||1945||Sergio Osmeña Sr.|
|7||Sotero Cabahug||1945||May 28, 1946|
|8||Ricardo Nepumoceno||May 28, 1946||July 1, 1949||Manuel Roxas|
|9||Propsero Sanidad||February 21, 1950||1951|
|10||Sotero Baluyut||January 6, 1951||1952|
|11||Pablo Lorenzo||May 6, 1952||1953|
|Secretary of Public Works, Transportation and Communications|
|12||Vicente Orosa||March 10, 1954||1955||Ramon Magsaysay|
|13||Florencio Moreno||April 30, 1955||December 30, 1961|
|Carlos P. Garcia|
|14||Marciano Bautista||1961||1962||Diosdado Macapagal|
|18||Antonio V. Raquiza||August 24, 1966||1968||Ferdinand Marcos|
|19||Rene Espina||1968||September 1969|
|20||Antonio Syquio||September 1969||1970|
|Minister of Public Works, Transportation and Communications|
|Alfredo Juinio||1978||1981||Ferdinand Marcos|
|Minister of Transportation and Communications|
|23||Jose P. Dans||1981||1986||Ferdinand Marcos|
|Secretary of Transportation and Communications|
|24||Hernando B. Perez||February 25, 1986||March 1987||Corazon C. Aquino|
|25||Rainerio O. Reyes||March 1987||1989|
|26||Oscar Orbos||January 3, 1990||December 9, 1990|
|28||Pete Nicomedes Prado||1992||1992|
|29||Jesus Garcia||July 1992||March 1996||Fidel V. Ramos|
|30||Amado S. Lagdameo||April 1996||April 1997|
|31||Arturo Enrile||April 1997||January 1998|
|32||Josefina Trinidad-Luchauco||January 1998||June 30, 1998|
|33||Vicente C. Rivera||June 30, 1998||January 20, 2001||Joseph Estrada|
|34||Pantaleon Alvarez||January 20, 2001||2002||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo|
|35||Leandro Mendoza||July 3, 2002||February 23, 2010|
|36||Anneli R. Lontoc (Acting)||March 9, 2010||June 30, 2010|
|37||Jose De Jesus||June 30, 2010||July 4, 2011||Benigno Simeon Aquino III|
|38||Mar Roxas||July 4, 2011||October 18, 2012|
|39||Joseph Emilio Abaya||October 18, 2012||June 30, 2016|
|Secretary of Transportation|
|40||Arthur Tugade||June 30, 2016||Incumbent||Rodrigo Duterte|