Department of Trade and Industry

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The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Kalakalan at Industriya) is the executive department of the Philippine government tasked to coordinate all government activities related to trade, industry, and investments. It is charged with creating a business-friendly environment conducive to the growth of enterprise and supportive of fair and robust trade in goods and services, both within and outside the country.[1] Ramon Lopez is the current secretary of the department.

History

On 23 June 1898, President Emilio Aguinaldo formed four government agencies: foreign relations, marine and commerce; war and public works; police, justice, instruction and hygiene; finance, agriculture, and industry.

On 6 September 1901, the Philippine Commission established the Department of Commerce and Police.

On 5 December 1932, Philippine Legislature Act 4007 tasked the Bureau of Commerce (BOC) to develop and promote the trade and industry of the country under the overall supervision of the Department of Agriculture and Commerce.

After World War II, President Manuel Roxas issued Executive Order 94 on 4 October 1947, which created the Department of Commerce and Industry (DCI). The appointed acting secretary of DCI was Cornelio Balmaceda, and economics professor and former BOC director.

By 1972, the DCI, which was mandated to promote, develop, expand, regulate, and control foreign and domestic trade, industry, and tourism, had 10 regular bureaus and 22 agencies under its direct supervision.

On 21 June 1974, President Ferdinand Marcos issued PD 488, creating the Department of Industry, which was tasked to promote and enhance the growth of existing and thriving industries in the country.

With PD 721, the Department of Trade was created on 2 June 1975. It was tasked to strengthen the socio-economic development of the country. The Bureau of Foreign Trade was also established to push for domestic trade and marketing programs.

To expand Philippine trade overseas, the Ministry of Trade and Industry was created on 27 July 1981 and took over the functions of the subsequently abolished Department of Trade and Department of Industry.

On 27 February 1987, President Corazon C. Aquino signed Executive Order 133, which reorganized the Ministry of Trade and Industry and renamed it Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).

In 2006, DTI Secretary Peter B. Favila issued a department order which officially declared July 27 of each year, the date the Department of Trade and the Department of Industry merged, as the anniversary of DTI.

Organizational structure

The Department is headed by the Secretary of Trade and Industry (Philippines) with the following six undersecretaries and assistant secretaries:

  • Undersecretary for Competitiveness and Ease of Doing Business Group
  • Undersecretary for Consumer Protection Group
  • Undersecretary for Industry Development and Trade Policy Group
  • Undersecretary for Management Services Group
  • Undersecretary for Regional Operations Group
  • Undersecretary for Trade and Investments Promotion Group
  • Assistant Secretary for Competitiveness and Ease of Doing Business Group
  • Assistant Secretary for Consumer Protection Group
  • Assistant Secretaries for Industry Development and Trade Policy Group
  • Assistant Secretary for Management Services Group
  • Assistant Secretaries for Regional Operations Group
  • Assistant Secretary for Trade and Investments Promotion Group

List of the Secretaries of Trade and Industry

# Name Term Began Term Ended President
Minister of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce
1 León María Guerrero May 7, 1899 November 13, 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo
Secretary of Commerce and Police
2 William Cameron Forbes 1904 1909 Luke Edward Wright

(Governor General)

Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
3 Benigno Aquino, Sr. 1935 1940 Manuel L. Quezon
4 Rafael Alunan 1940 1941
Secretary of Finance, Agriculture, and Commerce
5 Andres Soriano 1941 1944 Manuel L. Quezon
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
6 Manuel Nieto 1944 1945 Sergio Osmeña Sr.
Secretary of Justice, Agriculture and Commerce
7 Delfin Jaranilla 1945 1945 Sergio Osmeña Sr.
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
8 Vicente S. Encarnacion 1945 1946 Sergio Osmeña Sr.
Secretary of Commerce and Industry
9 Cornelio Balmaceda 1947 1953 Manuel Roxas
Elpidio Quirino
10 Oscar Ledesma 1953 1957 Ramon Magsaysay
11 Pedro Hernaez 1957 1960 Carlos P. Garcia
12 Manuel Lim 1960 1962
Diosdado Macapagal
13 Rufino Hechanova 1962 1963
(8) Cornelio Balmaceda 1963 1965
14 Marcelo Balatbat 1966 1968 Ferdinand Marcos
15 Leonides Sarao Virata 1969 1970
16 Ernesto Maceda 1970 1971
17 Troadio Quiazon 1971 1974
Secretary of Industry
18 Vicente Paterno 1974 1978 Ferdinand Marcos
Minister of Industry
Vicente Paterno 1978 1979 Ferdinand Marcos
19 Roberto Ongpin 1979 1981
Minister of Commerce
20 Luis Villafuerte, Sr. 1979 1981 Ferdinand Marcos
Minister of Commerce and Industry
(18) Roberto Ongpin 1981 1986 Ferdinand Marcos
Secretary of Trade and Industry
21 Jose Concepcion, Jr. 1986 January 8, 1991 Corazon C. Aquino
22 Peter Garrucho January 9, 1991 February 1992
23 Lilia Bautista February 1992 June 30, 1992
24 Rizalino S. Navarro July 1, 1992 1996 Fidel V. Ramos
25 Cesar B. Bautista 1996 June 30, 1998
26 Jose Pardo June 30, 1998 January 2, 2000 Joseph Estrada
27 Mar Roxas January 2, 2000 December 10, 2003
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
28 Cesar Purisima December 10, 2003 July 2005
29 Juan Santos July 2005 2005
30 Peter B. Favila 2005 March 15, 2010
31 Jesli Lapus March 15, 2010 June 30, 2010
32 Gregory Domingo June 30, 2010 December 30, 2015 Benigno Simeon Aquino III
33 Adrian Cristobal Jr. December 31, 2015 June 30, 2016
34 Ramon Lopez June 30, 2016 Incumbent Rodrigo Duterte

Attached Agencies and Corporations

The following are attached to the Department of Trade and Industry:

Attached agencies are actually sub-agencies of any national departments of the national government organization in the Philippines in which creation is established by special laws and its operation is independent of its mother unit. The mother unit only serves as supervisory on these special attached agencies.

References

  1. https://www.dti.gov.ph/ Department of Trade and Industry. Retrieved July 20, 2021