Department of Social Welfare and Development
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD: Filipino: Kagawaran ng Kagalingang Panlipunan at Pagpapaunlad) is the executive department of the Philippine government tasked with protecting the social welfare rights of Filipinos and promoting social development. Philippine Army veteran Rolando Joselito Bautista is the current secretary of the department.
In 1915, the American colonial government created the Public Welfare Board (PWB) to study, coordinate and regulate all government and private groups engaged in social services. In 1921, the board was abolished and replaced by the Bureau of Public Welfare, which was under the Department of Public Instruction.
In 1939, Commonwealth Act No. 439 created the Department of Health and Public Welfare, which the Bureau of Public Welfare (BPW) joined in 1941. Other than coordinating the services of public and private social welfare institutions, the bureau also managed public child-caring institutions and the provision of child welfare services.
Post World War 2
President Manuel Roxas abolished the BPW in 1947 and replaced it with the Social Welfare Commission (SWC), which was put under the Office of the President.
In 1948, President Elpidio Quirino created the President's Action Committee on Social Amelioration (PACSA) for socio-economic reforms to counteract social unrest. In 1951, the SWC and the PACSA merged to form the Social Welfare Administration (SWA) and started an integrated public welfare program.
In 1968, Republic Act 5416, or the Social Welfare Act of 1968, elevated the SWA into a department under the executive branch of the government, hence forming the Department of Social Welfare. It gave the agency an equal status with other social agencies like health and education.
In 1976, President Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 994, which renamed the Department of Social Welfare into Department of Social Services and Development (DSSD), giving it a more accurate identity.
In 1978, in line with the change in the form of government (from presidential to parliamentary), the DSSD was renamed Ministry of Social Services and Development (MSSD).
DSWD at Present
Under Executive Order 123 signed by President Corazon C. Aquino in 1987, MSSD was renamed Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD). Executive Order No. 292, or the Revised Administrative Code of 1987, established DSWD's name, organizational structure and functional areas of responsibility, which further defined its statutory authority.
The passage of Republic Act 7160, or the Local Government Code of 1991, effected the devolution of DSWD basic services to local government units.
In 1998, President Joseph Estrada issued Executive Order No. 15 and redirected the functions and operations of DSWD to strengthen its repositioning efforts.
In 2003, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued Executive Order No. 15, which defined DSWD's mandate, roles, powers and functions.
On 28 January 2005, the Department of Budget and Management approved DSWD's Rationalization and Streamlining Plan (RSP) for implementation in the next five years. Its RSP emphasized the department's shift in policy, functions and programs in line with its steering role.
The department is headed by the secretary of social welfare and development, with the following nine undersecretaries and eight assistant secretaries:
- Undersecretary for General Administration and Support Services Group
- Undersecretary for Special Concerns Group
- Undersecretary for Policy and Plans Group
- Undersecretary for Promotive Operations and Programs Group
- Undersecretary for Protective Operations and Program Group
- Undersecretary for Disaster Response Management Group
- Undersecretary for Support Programs Infrastructure Management
- Undersecretary for Luzon Affairs
- Undersecretary for Legislative Liaison Affairs and Special Presidential Directives in the Mindanao Region
- Assistant Secretary for General Administration and Support Services Group
- Assistant Secretary for the Office of the Secretary
- Assistant Secretary for Special Women's and Children's Concerns
- Assistant Secretary for Special Concerns Group
- Assistant Secretary for Promotive Programs
- Assistant Secretary for Finance and Legal
- Assistant Secretary for Policy and Plans Group in charge of National Household Targeting Office and Policy Development and Planning Bureau
- Assistant Secretary for Policy and Plans in charge of Standards Bureau and Unconditional Cash Transfer (UCT) Project Management Office
- Council for the Welfare of Children
- Intercountry Adoption Board
- Juvenile Justice and Welfare Council
- National Council on Disability Affairs
- National Anti-Poverty Commission
- National Commission on Indigenous Peoples
- Presidential Commission for the Urban Poor
|#||Name||Term Began||Term Ended||President|
|Minister of Welfare|
|1||Gracio Gonzaga||January 21, 1899||May 7, 1899||Emilio Aguinaldo|
|Commissioner of Public Welfare|
|2||Jose Fabella||November 15, 1921||November 15, 1935|
|Secretary of Public Instruction, Health, and Public Welfare|
|3||Juan Nolasco||November 15, 1935||December 24, 1941||Manuel L. Quezon|
|4||Sergio Osmeña||December 24, 1941||August 1, 1944|
|Secretary of Justice, Labor and Welfare|
|5||Xandra Sinfuego||August 1, 1944||December 25, 1944|
|*||Mariano A. Eraña||December 25, 1944||February 17, 1945||Sergio Osmeña Sr.|
|Secretary of Health and Public Welfare|
|6||Juan Salcedo||February 17, 1945||November 10, 1945||Sergio Osmeña Sr.|
|7||Jose Locsin||November 10, 1945||May 28, 1946|
|Secretary of Social Welfare|
|8||Asuncion Perez||1950||1953||Elpidio Quirino|
|9||Pacita Madrigal-Warns||1954||1955||Ramon Magsaysay|
|10||Amparo Villamor||1960||1961||Carlos P. Garcia|
|11||Tecla San Andres Ziga||1962||1963||Diosdado Macapagal|
|12||Jose O. Pelayo||1963||1965|
|13||Francisco T. Remotigue||1966||1967||Ferdinand Marcos|
|Secretary of Social Welfare and Development|
|Estefania Aldaba-Lim||1976||1977||Ferdinand Marcos|
|Minister of Social Welfare and Development|
|17||Sylvia P. Montes||1978||1986||Ferdinand Marcos|
|Secretary of Social Welfare and Development|
|18||Mita Pardo de Tavera||February 25, 1986||June 30, 1992||Corazon C. Aquino|
|19||Corazon Alma de Leon||June 30, 1992||June 30, 1995||Fidel V. Ramos|
|20||Lina B. Laigo||June 30, 1995||June 30, 1998|
|21||Gloria Macapagal Arroyo||June 30, 1998||October 12, 2000||Joseph Estrada|
|22||Dulce Saguisag||October 12, 2000||January 19, 2001|
|23||Corazon Soliman||January 20, 2001||July 8, 2005||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo|
|*||Luwalhati Pablo||July 8, 2005||July 20, 2005|
|24||Esperanza Cabral||July 21, 2005||August 31, 2009|
|25||Celia Yangco||September 1, 2009||June 30, 2010|
|(23)||Corazon Soliman||June 30, 2010||June 30, 2016||Benigno Simeon Aquino III|
|**||Judy Taguiwalo||June 30, 2016||August 16, 2017||Rodrigo Duterte|
|*||Emmanuel Leyco (OIC)||August 19, 2017||May 9, 2018|
|*||Virginia Orogo||May 10, 2018||October 16, 2018|
|26||Lt. Gen. Rolando Joselito Bautista, AFP (Ret.)||October 17, 2018||Incumbent|