Department of Science and Technology

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The Department of Science and Technology (DOST; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Agham at Teknolohiya) is an executive department of the Philippine government responsible for providing direction and coordination in all activities in the country that are related to science and technology. The country's premier science body is also tasked to formulate policies and programs that will contribute to national development. Fortunato de la Peña is the current secretary of the department.

History

During Carlos P. Garcia's presidency, the government commissioned Frank Co Tui to survey the state of science and technology in the Philippines. Tui was a Filipino doctor and professor who made a name in the field of medical research in the US. After Tiu's assessment and recommendation, Congress passed the Science Act of 1958, a bill seeking to integrate and intensify scientific development in the country, to foster invention, and more importantly to provide funds for such activities. The bill created the National Science Development Board (NSDB) on 13 June 1958, The board was to be the government's arm for all science matters. NSDB's chairman would be the president's science and technology adviser.

In 1982, under the Marcos administration, the NSDB was renamed National Science and Technology Authority (NSTA). The revamp, through the underlying modifications to the agency's functions, gave the NSTA broader policy-making and program implementing functions.

The science body was elevated to cabinet status during Corazon C. Aquino's administration and was renamed Department of Science and Technology (DOST) on January 30, 1987. Its functions were broadened to enable it to support local scientific efforts, develop technological self-reliance, and promote public and private sector awareness in the sciences.

Functions

  1. Formulate and adopt a comprehensive National Science and Technology Plan, and monitor and coordinate its funding and implementation;
  2. Promote, assist and, where appropriate, undertake scientific and technological research and development in areas identified as vital to the country's development;
  3. Promote the development of indigenous technology and the adaptation and innovation of suitable imported technology, and in this regard, undertake technology development up to commercial stage;
  4. Undertake design and engineering works to complement research and development functions;
  5. Promote, assist and, where appropriate, undertake the transfer of the results of scientific and technological research and development to their end-users;
  6. Promote, assist and, where appropriate, undertake the technological services needed by agriculture, industry, transport, and the general public;
  7. Develop and maintain an information system and databank on science and technology;
  8. Develop and implement programs for strengthening scientific and technological capabilities through manpower training, infrastructure and institution-building;
  9. Promote public consciousness in science and technology; and
  10. Undertake policy research, technology assessment, feasibility and technical studies.

List of the Secretaries

# Name Image Term Began Term Ended President
1 Antonio V. Arizabal January 30, 1987 April 6, 1989 Corazon C. Aquino
2 Ceferino L. Follosco April 7, 1989 June 30, 1992
3 Ricardo T. Gloria June 30, 1992 July 6, 1994 Fidel V. Ramos
4 William Padolina July 7, 1994 June 30, 1998
June 30, 1998 January 29, 1999 Joseph Estrada
5 Filemon A. Uriarte, Jr. February 1, 1999 January 1, 2001
* Rogelio A. Panlasigui January 2, 2001 March 11, 2001 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
6 Estrella F. Alabastro March 12, 2001 June 30, 2010
7 Mario Montejo June 30, 2010 June 30, 2016 Benigno Simeon Aquino III
8 Fortunato de la Peña June 30, 2016 Incumbent Rodrigo Duterte

Organizational structure

The Department is headed by the Secretary of Science and Technology (Philippines), with the following four undersecretaries and three assistant secretaries

  • Undersecretary for Scientific and Technological Services
  • Undersecretary for Research and Development
  • Undersecretary for Regional Operations
  • Undersecretary for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change
  • Assistant Secretary for Finance and Legal Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for International Cooperation
  • Assistant Secretary for Administration

Offices

Collegial and scientific bodies

  • National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST)
  • National Research Council of the Philippines (NRCP)

Sectoral planning councils

  • Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic, and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD)
  • Philippine Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD)
  • Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD)

Research and development institutes

  • Advanced Science and Technology Institute (ASTI)
  • Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI)
  • Forest Products Research Development Institute (FPRDI)
  • Industrial Technology Development Institute (ITDI)
  • Metal Industry Research and Development Center (MIRDC)
  • Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)
  • Philippine Textile Research Institute (PTRI)

Scientific and technological services

  • Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA)
  • Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS)
  • Philippine Science High School System (PSHS)
  • Science and Technology Information Institute (STII)
  • Science Education Institute (SEI)
  • Technology Application and Promotion Institute (TAPI)
  • Technology Resource Center (TRC)

Projects

  • Automated Guideway Transit System project
  • DOST Hybrid Electric Road Train
  • DOST Hybrid Electric Train