De La Salle University

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De La Salle University (Template:Lang-fil), also referred to by its acronym DLSU or simply as De La Salle or La Salle is a private, Catholic coeducational research higher education institution run by the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools in Taft Avenue, Malate, Manila, Philippines. It was established by the Christian Brothers in 1911 as the De La Salle College (DLSC) in Nozaleda Street, Paco, Manila with Br. Blimond Pierre FSC serving as first director.[1] The educational institution moved to its present location in 1921 to accommodate the increase in enrollment. The college was granted university status on February 19, 1975 and is the oldest constituent of De La Salle Philippines (DLSP), a network of 16 Lasallian educational institutions established in 2006 to replace the De La Salle University System.[2][3][4]

The university started as a boys' elementary and high school. In 1920, it began offering a two-year Associate in Arts Commerce program, which was later discontinued in 1931 in favor of a Bachelor of Science in Commerce program.[5][6] DLSU currently offers coeducational undergraduate and graduate degree programs through its seven colleges and one school specializing in various disciplines, including business, engineering and liberal arts.[7] Students and alumni from La Salle were previously referred to as Lasallites, but the term has since been replaced with Lasallians.[8] The patron of the university is St. Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, the patron saint of Christian educators and all those who work in the field of education.[9] He is also the founder of the De La Salle Brothers and Lasallian educational institutions.[10]

DLSU is cited by the Philippine Commission on Higher Education (CHED) as a Center of Excellence in 14 of its programs, and a Center of Development in 5 of its programs.[11] The university is also among the 40 institutions granted autonomous status by CHED as of 2010.[12] Likewise, it is the first of the only two institutions granted the highest-level accreditation (Level IV) by the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU).[2][13] The university is a member of several international university associations, including the ASEAN University Network (AUN) and International Association of Universities (IAU) as well as local organizations such as the South Manila Inter-Institutional Consortium.[14][15]

Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) currently ranks DLSU in the 801-1000 bracket of its World University Rankings and 166th on its Asian University Rankings.[16] Times Higher Education (THE) included De La Salle University in its 2019 edition of Times Higher Education World University Rankings where DLSU was placed in the 801-1000 bracket, which also marked the university's first appearance in the rankings.[17] It joined the University of the Philippines Diliman as the only two universities in the Philippines to enter the list,[18] and is the only private university from the Philippines to be included.[19] DLSU also made its debut appearance on the Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings in 2019, where it was placed in the 251-300 bracket.[20] Presently, De La Salle University holds the distinction of being the lone Philippine private university to appear in both the QS World University Rankings and the Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

History

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The Philippines was one of the last Southeast Asian countries that the De La Salle Christian Brothers established themselves in. The country before 1898 was dominated by several Spanish religious orders. Several years before the De La Salle Christian Brothers were invited to the Philippines, the local American government ordered Ateneo to modernize and use English as a mode of instruction, but the Spanish Jesuits refused and argued that their allegiance was only with Spain. The Americans, after knowing this, made the decision that it would be best for the Catholic teaching congregation Brothers of the Christian Schools (FSC, from the Latin: Fratres Scholarum Christianarum) to take over the task.[21]

Initially, the De La Salle Brothers were very hesitant in establishing a De La Salle school in the country due to the Americans' insistence that the first De La Salle school should only educate the rich children of the ruling Filipino elite. The Americans instructed the Christian Brothers to Americanize future Filipino leaders through their Catholic Lasallian education. The American demand had put the De La Salle Brothers in a dilemma because it ran contrary to the original spiritual teachings and charism of Saint Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, the patron saint of Christian educators whose main religious vocation was to provide tuition-free, God-centered-Christian values-based education. The De La Salle Brothers eventually agreed to establish a school, conceding that the “upper-class children of the ruling elite families also needed good Catholic moral and spiritual training."[21]

De La Salle University traces its founding roots to the then-Manila Archbishop Jeremiah James Harty. Harty, an alumnus of a Christian Brother–Lasallian school in St. Louis, Missouri, United States believed that the establishment of a De La Salle school in Manila would be instrumental in preempting the spread of Protestantism in the Philippines through the arrival of the Thomasites and American Protestant church missions.[22] His request was later endorsed in 1907 by Pope Pius X. An envoy of De La Salle Brothers arrived in 1910. Together with Manila Archbishop Harty, the Brothers searched for a suitable campus. A Template:Convert property in Paco, Manila was purchased for this purpose.[23]

Early history

Br. Blimond Pierre Eilenbecker FSC, Br. Aloysius Gonzaga McGiverin FSC, and Br. Augusto Correge FSC, arrived in Manila[24] on March 10, 1911.[25] In two months time, on May 13, the six remaining Brothers of the Founding Community arrive in Manila. They were Br. Ptolomee Louis Duffaux FSC, Br. Goslin Camillus Henri FSC, Br. D. Joseph FSC, Br. Celba John Lynam FSC, Br. Imar William Reale FSC and Br. Martin FSC. De La Salle College officially opened its doors to 125 pupils on June 16, 1911. By July 10, the total number of students reached 175.[26]

On February 12, 1912, the college was incorporated under the sole ownership of the college director, who was then Eilenbecker.[26] Around this time, four more Brothers arrived to teach in Manila in response to Br. Blimond's request for more Brothers to handle the increased teaching load. There were two Frenchmen – Br. Wilfrid FSC of St. Joseph's College, Hong Kong and Br. Basilian Coin FSC from St. Paul's Institution in Seremban, Malaysia; and two Irishmen – Br. Dorotheus Joseph FSC and Br. Egbert Xavier Kelly FSC, one of the younger Brothers to volunteer to the missions. All of them were from the Penang District which the Philippines was under. The college was permitted to confer high school diplomas in the same year. Meanwhile, it received a charter from the Governor-General of the Philippines, allowing the college to confer associate degrees in commerce.[27] It started offering the degree as a two-year program in 1920.[6]

The college already had 425 students by 1921. Due to the lack of space in the original De La Salle College Paco campus, along with the growing population of its student and faculty, the college moved to its present location in 2401 Taft Avenue, Malate, Manila.[6] In 1931, the college discontinued its two-year commerce program in favor of a three-year Bachelor of Science in Commerce program, which was approved a year earlier.[5][6]

Second World War and the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines (1942–1945)

Several hours before the Imperial Japanese Army forcibly took the "Open City" of Manila a contingent of young La Salle boys led by a lone De La Salle Christian Brother walked from Taft Avenue all the way towards the pre-war Ateneo de Manila Padre Faura campus, a school with whom it shared a traditional rivalry. During the initial outbreak of the invasion of Manila by the Japanese Marines, several La Salle boys helped secure and save Ateneo's prized "Jesuit Bell" along with several valuable Jesuit religious antiques just before the Japanese Imperial Armed Forces could enter Manila and ransack the Jesuits' pre-war Padre Faura campus.

The American De La Salle Christian Brothers were interred in the Japanese Los Banos, Laguna Prison for the duration of the three-year Japanese occupation of the Philippines while the other non-American Brothers led by then-Brother President Br. Egbert Xavier Kelly FSC and Br. Flavius Leo FSC, both from Ireland, were allowed by the Japanese to stay in the Taft Campus.

Initially, the De La Salle campus served as a secret shelter for several displaced civilians, wounded soldiers, and Filipino guerilla fighters at the beginning of the Japanese occupation. However, later on, it was occupied by the Japanese forces, and was made into military defense quarters on January 2, 1942.[5] Several repeated bombings severely damaged the DLSC campus. Despite this, classes continued as the Christian Brothers taught on during the Japanese occupation of Manila. During this time, several of the De La Salle boys along with the Ateneo boys had to set their fierce school rivalry aside and to amicably share the DLSC classrooms with each other along with several other students from various neighboring schools. Several schools in Manila had discontinued their operations and closed down due to the fall of Manila to the Japanese invading forces. The DLSC high school classes were later on transferred to St. Scholastica's College, Manila in 1943.[28][29]

The classes were eventually discontinued at the De La Salle campus. On February 1, 1945, Japanese forces ordered the occupants of the DLSC and the surrounding vicinity to vacate the college. However, Br. Egbert Xavier Kelly FSC refused the order to vacate. On February 7, 1945, he was abducted by Japanese soldiers and was never seen again. He was believed to have been mercilessly tortured and killed. On February 12 shortly after noontime, 20 Japanese soldiers came and forcibly barged into the DLSC campus and massacred 16 of the 17 De La Salle Brothers residing in the campus, along with 25 other residents.[5] Only one De La Salle Brother (Antonius von Jesus) and 21 other civilians survived the tragic event.[30]

Post–war period

Classes resumed in July 1945 with a class of incoming freshmen that was composed of 60 high school graduates. One year later, the College of Commerce reopened with its three-year BS Commerce program extended to a four-year program.[5][28] The High School Department of De La Salle College on Taft Avenue, Manila was dissolved in 1968 and transferred to La Salle Green Hills on Ortigas Avenue, Mandaluyong in Metro Manila.[31] The college, together with Ateneo de Manila University, gave birth to the Asian Institute of Management in the same year with assistance from the Ford Foundation and Harvard University.[31][32] Several other units were established in the following years.

St. Miguel Hall (formerly St. Benilde Hall)

The 1970s marked substantial developments in De La Salle College. The school became co-educational in 1973. On February 19, 1975, De La Salle College was granted university status. Since then it became known as De La Salle University (DLSU).[2] It also used the name De La Salle University – Manila.[33] Since 2008, it has since referred to itself only as De La Salle University, being its registered name in the Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission.[34] The Grade School Department was deprecated in 1978.[35]

The 1980s were also significant for the institution. In 1981, De La Salle University shifted from the traditional semestral academic calendar to a trimestral one.[5] In 1987, the university, together with four other Lasallian institutions, became part of the De La Salle University System.[36] The system would later be dissolved in favor of De La Salle Philippines, a network of 16 Lasallian institutions. De La Salle–College of Saint Benilde (DLS-CSB) became independent of the university in 1988. The College of Saint Benilde offers innovative college courses not offered at De La Salle University.

Recent history

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An Mk 2 grenade was detonated outside the southern portion of the DLSU campus in front of a popular burger shop along Taft Avenue on September 26, 2010 at around 5:05 pm by opposing rival Law fraternities PST, the same day as the Philippine Bar exams conducted by the university.[37] The blast injured 47 individuals,[38] two of whom required limbs to be amputated.[39] Anthony Leal Nepomuceno was indicted by the Philippine Department of Justice on April 29, 2011, on the charge of detonating the device.[40]

In 2012, De La Salle Canlubang was formally merged with De La Salle University and became an extension of DLSU. It was inaugurated as the De La Salle University Science and Technology Complex (DLSU-STC), and later renamed as the De La Salle University – Laguna Campus.[41][42] In 2015, DLSU announced that it would open its Manila campus for senior high school students in response to the K–12 implementation.[43] The Senior High School (SHS) classes officially opened on June 1, 2016.[44] In December 2018, DLSU announced its plan to launch a new Learning Management System (LMS) called AnimoSpace, built based on the Canvas LMS software.[45][46] AnimoSpace was officially launched on January 15, 2019.[47]

Campuses

Manila

An aerial shot of the DLSU Manila Complex
St. La Salle Hall
St. Miguel Hall
Don Enrique T. Yuchengco Hall

The main campus consists of 19 buildings (nine classroom buildings and 10 other buildings for administrative and auxiliary functions) located on a Template:Convert lot in 2401 Taft Avenue, Malate, Manila. The campus faces to its right the main campus of De La Salle–College of Saint Benilde, a sister Lasallian institution, and the Vito Cruz Station of the Manila LRT Line 1. As part of the University Belt, several other colleges and universities, including St. Scholastica's College, Manila and Philippine Women's University, can be found near the campus.[48]

The buildings have a combined floor area of Template:Convert,[7] and mostly feature neoclassical design. These include:

  • St. La Salle Hall, the first building in the campus. A four-storey neoclassical building,[49] its construction started in 1921 and was completed in 1924.[6] The building was designed by Tomás Mapúa, the first Filipino registered architect and subsequent founder of Mapúa Institute of Technology.[50] St. La Salle Hall was one of the very few Manila buildings that survived the near total destruction of Manila during the February to March Battle of Manila (1945). It has undergone retrofitting since 2010, and was completed in 2012.[51] The LaSallian, the official student newspaper of the university, identifies it as "DLSU's most historic building."[42] Likewise, it is the only Philippine structure featured in 1001 Buildings You Must See Before You Die: The World’s Architectural Masterpieces, a book published by Quintessence Editions Ltd. in 2007.[52] St. La Salle Hall also houses the College of Business and School of Economics.[53]
  • St. Joseph Hall, a six-storey building completed in 1956.[49][54] It was the location of the DLSU library from 1956 to 1985.[55] It houses the College of Science and DLSU's Discipline Office.[56]
  • St. Miguel Hall, a four-storey building completed in 1969.[57] Originally known as the St. Benilde Hall, it was renamed in 1989 and houses the College of Liberal Arts.[36]
  • Velasco Hall, a five-storey building completed in 1981.[49] It houses the College of Engineering.[36]
  • Don Enrique T. Yuchengco Hall, a nine-storey neoclassical building. Completed in 2002, the building hosts 20 classrooms, six conference rooms, DLSU's administrative offices and the Teresa G. Yuchengco Auditorium, a three-storey 1,100-seater auditorium. It has a total floor area of Template:Convert.[58]
  • Br. Andrew Gonzalez Hall, a 20-storey Template:Convert tall neoclassical building, making it the tallest academic building in the Philippines.[7][59] It has a total floor area of Template:Convert, and has parking space for up to 120 cars. The building, completed in 2006, houses more than 100 classrooms and faculty rooms, and the College of Education.[60]
  • Enrique M. Razon Sports Center, a ten-storey neoclassical building that serves as the main sports facility of De La Salle University. It was built in 1998 to replace the old Brother Lucian Athanasius FSC Gym that was demolished in 2000 to give way for the construction of the Yuchengco Hall. The Sports Complex stands on a Template:Convert lot located at the corner of Fidel Reyes St. (formerly named Agno Street) and Noli streets. This large and modern complex houses an Olympic-sized pool and track and field oval with balcony. It has basketball and volleyball courts. It also has table tennis courts, dance and martial arts studio, and weight training rooms. McDonald's Philippines founder and chairman George T. Yang, a Lasallian alumnus and supporter for youth development through employment, education and the arts, was honored by De La Salle University in appreciation of his generosity and support for his alma mater’s performing arts student organizations. The three George T. Yang Performing Arts Studios, which opened in 2018, serve as dedicated venues where the University’s Chorale, Inner Soul, and La Salle Dance Company can train and rehearse for the competitions they join, and events they are invited to. The studios are located on the sixth floor of the complex.[61][62] The lower floors house a sports clinic, canteen, and bookstore. The facility also displays several of DLSU's championship banners and the retired jerseys of highly notable Lasallian athletes.[63][64]

Construction of the Henry Sy Sr. Hall began on December 2, 2010 as part of the university's Centennial Renewal Plan, a project that aims to construct and renovate facilities inside the campus. A 14-floor building, it replaced DLSU's football field and was completed by December 2012.[65][66] It is estimated to cost ₱1.4 billion (US$32.5 million).[67][68] In line with this, DLSU entered an eight-year agreement with the Philippine Sports Commission. Under the contract, DLSU will fund the ₱7.4 million (US$171,000)[67] renovation of the Rizal Memorial Track and Football Stadium. DLSU will get to use the facilities in return.[69][70][71]

The DLSU campus which is relatively small in size for its large student population, suffers from limited space. According to The LaSallian, each student had only Template:Convert for himself in 2009. Crowding is expected to only get worse as the university's population has been continuously growing with the growth for 2008–2009 amounting to 27.7 percent. It has also expressed concerns regarding fire safety, citing possible evacuation difficulties should a fire occur at the Br. Andrew Gonzalez Hall, and accessibility issues for fire trucks given the lack of wide roads to major buildings. At least three fires have occurred in the campus, including two at St. Joseph Hall.[72] To address the problem of limited space, DLSU has resolved to vertical expansion. However, this has resulted in overcrowded elevators.[7]

Manila Campus Map

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Laguna

Template:Main The Laguna campus is an extension of De La Salle University since 2012 and is located in Biñan City, Laguna, Philippines. The Template:Convert campus was built on land donated by the family of the late National Artist for Architecture De La Salle alumnus Leandro Locsin. It was originally known as De La Salle Canlubang (DLSC), a district school of De La Salle Philippines that provided science and technology-based primary, secondary, and tertiary education. In 2012, the administrations of DLSU and DLSC approved the integration of DLSC into DLSU, becoming the De La Salle University – Science & Technology Complex (DLSU-STC), and later renamed as the De La Salle University – Laguna Campus.[41] The Laguna campus has two football fields, and as of 2010 only Template:Convert of the campus is developed.[42] The Laguna campus offered 18 undergraduate degree programs by 2017.[73]

Makati Extension

The Makati Extension Campus is an extension campus of DLSU in RCBC Plaza, Makati City, Philippines. The campus primarily serves the university's graduate business students.[74]

Rufino (Bonifacio Global City)

In September 2013, the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA) has awarded to De La Salle University the lease and development of a seven-storey, Template:Convert institutional lot in Bonifacio Global City in Taguig City.[75][76] DLSU signed a contract with the BCDA in October 2013.[77] It is now the DLSU Rufino Campus College of Law provided by the Rufino family.[78][79] The campus houses 17 classrooms, an auditorium, an arbitration room, and a moot court.[80][81]

Former

Ortigas Extension

In 2011, the Ortigas Extension Campus of the Ramon V. del Rosario College of Business moved from La Salle Green Hills in Mandaluyong City to the Ortigas Business District. The campus was located at the Wynsum Corporate Plaza, Ortigas Center, Pasig City, Philippines. The extension campus ceased operations in 2015, as their contract of lease expired on May of that year.

Organization and administration

Directors
Name Tenure of office

Blimond Pierre Eilenbecker 1911–1912
Goslin Camille Thomas 1912–1915
Acisclus Michael Naughter 1915–1919
Albinus Peter Graves 1920
Presidents
Name Tenure of office

Albinus Peter Graves 1921–1923
Acisclus Michael Naughter 1923–1927
Celba John Lynam 1927–1930
Dorothy Joseph Brophy 1930–1933
Marcian James Cullen 1933–1936
Flannan Paul Gallagher 1936
Lucian Athanasius Reinhart 1937–1945
Egbert Xavier Kelly 1945–1950
Antony Ferdinand Kilbourn 1946
Andelino Manuel Castillo 1950
Hyacinth Gabriel Connon 1950–1959
1967–1978
Denis of Mary Ruhland 1959–1961
Crescentius Richard Duerr 1961–1966
Andrew Gonzalez 1978–1991
1994–1998
Rafael Donato 1991–1994
Rolando Ramos Dizon 1998–2003
Carmelita Quebengco 2003–2004
Armin Luistro 2004–2010
Narciso S. Erguiza, Jr. 2010–2012
Ricardo Laguda 2012–2015
Raymundo B. Suplido 2015–present
Notes Names in italics were acting presidents.

References [82][83]

As a non-stock incorporated entity, DLSU was headed by a 15-person board of trustees in 1992.[84] Presently, 17 members comprise the DLSU Board of Trustees.[85] The DLSU Board of Trustees, currently chaired by Nestor V. Tan, selects the DLSU President. As resolved by the Board of Trustees in June 2010, the president of De La Salle University must be a Lasallian Brother and be a holder of a PhD. Filipino citizenship is not a must but preferred. Prior to the university's move to its present location in 1921, the president was referred to as the director. The president and chancellor, currently Br. Raymundo B. Suplido FSC, and Br. Bernard S. Oca FSC, respectively, are assisted by four vice chancellors.[86] Prior to the reorganization of DLSU in 2007, the chancellor was referred to as the executive vice president.[87] The president may concurrently be the chancellor of the university, as with former President and Chancellor Br. Armin Luistro FSC.[88]

Since its establishment in 1911, De La Salle University has had 23 presidents (nine Filipinos, six Americans, six Irishmen, and two Frenchmen), with Br. Raymundo B. Suplido FSC serving as the current president.[85] All of them, except Carmelita Quebengco, were male. Two of them had been appointed as secretaries of the Philippine Department of Education, including Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC (1998–2001)[89] and Br. Armin Luistro FSC (2010–2016).[90] Meanwhile, Br. Rolando Ramos Dizon FSC also a former DLSU, University of St. La Salle and La Salle Green Hills President, had served as the chairman of Philippine Commission on Higher Education from 2003 to 2004.[91][92]

Affiliations

De La Salle University is the oldest member of De La Salle Philippines, a network of 16 Lasallian institutions established in 2006. DLSP is the successor of the De La Salle University System, a similar organization.[3][4] De La Salle Philippines is a member of an international network of Lasallian educational institutions. In 2021 the La Salle Worldwide website stated that the Lasallian order consists of about 3,000 Brothers, who help in running over 1,100 education centers in 80 countries with more than a million students, together with 90,000 teachers and lay associates.[93]

DLSU is also a member of several international university associations such as the ASEAN University Network, Association of Christian Universities and Colleges in Asia, Association of Southeast and East Asian Catholic Colleges and Universities, Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning, International Association of Lasallian Universities, International Association of Universities, International Federation of Catholic Universities, United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia and University Cooperation for Internationalisation.[14][94] The university is also a member of local organizations, including the Philippine Association for Technological Education[95] and the South Manila Inter-Institutional Consortium.[35]

Student government

The University Student Government (USG) is the highest governing student organization. Under it are College Student Governments and Batch Student Governments for each of DLSU's colleges and student batches, respectively. The Legislative Assembly is the highest policy-making body.[96] Prior to a constitutional change in 2010, the USG was known as the Student Council. Among such changes with the new system is the Judiciary Branch, which was created to ensure the accountability of the elected officers in the University Student Government.[97] Among its activities were prohibiting the use of polystyrene in food packages in food kiosks along Agno Street, and raising ₱200,000 (US$4,630)[67] for the Archer Achiever Scholarship program.[98] It had a total endowment of ₱1,424,790.08 (US$32,900)[67] in 2010, including ₱558,000 (US$12,900)[67] appropriated by the university.[99]

Colleges

Academics

DLSU units by year founded
Unit Founded Website
College of Business 1920 [100]
College of Computer Studies 1981 [101]
College of Education 1936 [102]
College of Engineering 1947 [103]
College of Law 2009 [104]
College of Liberal Arts 1918 [105]
College of Science 1982 [106]
School of Economics 2010 [107]

De La Salle University offers over a hundred undergraduate and graduate degree programs through its seven colleges and one school.[108][109][110] It also offers a degree in mechatronics and robotics, one of the first to offer such in the Philippines.[111] Presently, DLSU has 36 academic departments and 11 research centers.[112]

DLSU received 23,495 undergraduate freshman applications in 2010 and 3,428 of them were admitted. In the same year, it had 11,413 undergraduate and 3,366 graduate students, making a total of 14,779. 704 of these are non-Filipino. 53 percent of the undergraduate students were male while 59 of the graduate students were female.[113][114] 85 percent of its students come from Metro Manila while almost all reside near the university.[115] In 2011, it had an average of 990 faculty members for the academic year. 69 percent of them held doctorate degrees while 28 had master's degrees.[116] As of February 2019, the university had 1,285 faculty members. It also received 20,772 undergraduate freshman applications in 2018 and 3,528 were enrolled. DLSU also had 11,527 undergraduate and 5,177 graduate students for a total student population of 16,704.[112]

The College of Liberal Arts and the College of Business, both established in 1918 and 1920 respectively, are the oldest degree-granting units of the university. The College of Liberal Arts was originally established as the College of Arts and Sciences. In 1982, the departments of Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Physics separated from the Liberal Arts department to formally establish the College of Science as a distinct unit in the university. The College of Business was originally known as the College of Commerce,[6] and later reorganized as the College of Business and Economics until 2010.[117] In 2011, the College of Business was inaugurated as the present-day Ramon V. del Rosario College of Business.

The Br. Andrew Gonzalez College of Education dates back to 1936 when De La Salle College was authorized to confer the degree of Master of Science in Education. It was in 1959 when the college started to offer undergraduate degrees in Education. The Gokongwei College of Engineering was established in 1947 after World War II, and the College of Computer Studies was created in 1981, the same year the university shifted to a trimestral academic calendar.[5]

The College of Law and the School of Economics, both established in 2009 and 2010 respectively, are the newest units of the university. The College of Law was established with initially 90 students. It offers a Juris Doctor degree program with focus on environmental and human rights law.[118] The School of Economics is the product of the reorganization of the now-defunct College of Business and Economics to create two separate entities in the university. The School of Economics formally separated from the College of Business in 2010.[117]

Grading system

Template:See also

Academic performance is rated from 4.0 (excellent) to 0.0 (fail). Grades 4.0 to 1.0 are separated by increments of 0.5, while 0.0 is immediately after 1.0.[119] Students who attain a grade point average of 3.8, 3.6, 3.4 and 3.2 are awarded upon graduation summa cum laude, magna cum laude, cum laude and honorable mention, respectively.[120] Graduation occurs every February, June and October.[121] DLSU had 1,050,[122] 1,114[123] and 734[124] candidates for graduation for its June 2010, October 2010 and February 2011 graduations, respectively.

Academic calendar system

DLSU has used the trimestral academic calendar in favor of the traditional semestral calendar since 1981.[5] An academic trimester usually lasts 14 weeks.[125] In contrast, the previous system employed 18-week semesters.

Tuition and financial aid

De La Salle's tuition fee is one of the highest in the Philippines in terms of annual payment and may vary in different colleges within the university. In 2013, tuition per trimester ranged from ₱57,000[126] (US$1,285)[67] for the College of Law to ₱90,000[127] (US$2,035)[67] for the College of Engineering. Meanwhile, the average graduate tuition fee per year in 2009 ranged from US$2,560 for Filipino students to US$2,610 for non-Filipino students.[128]

DLSU offers multiple scholarship and financial aid programs in both the undergraduate and the graduate levels.[129] High school valedictorians and salutatorians of all De La Salle Philippines schools are automatically exempted from paying fees under the Br. Andrew Gonzalez Academic Scholarship program.[130] Also, dependents of military personnel who died or became incapacitated during duty enjoy similar benefits through PD 577.[131] Meanwhile, children of faculty and staff, university athletes and performing artists, and senior editors of DLSU student publications are provided tuition fee discounts. Further financial assistance may be provided to students with annual family incomes less than ₱500,000 (US$11,600).[67] Aside from these, the Top 100 of the De La Salle College Admission Test (DCAT) are given full scholarship under the Archer Achiever Scholarship program.[132][133]

Recognition and reputation

Template:Infobox university rankings Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) currently ranks DLSU in the 801-1000 bracket of its World University Rankings and 166th on its Asian University Rankings.[16] Times Higher Education (THE) included De La Salle University as the only Philippine private university in its list of World University Rankings and Asia University Rankings, where DLSU is currently placed in the 1001+ and 301-350 brackets, respectively.[134] Presently, De La Salle University holds the distinction of being the lone Philippine private university to appear in both the QS World University Rankings and the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. The university has yet to appear in any edition of the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU). DLSU is also currently ranked third in the Philippines by the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities, after the University of the Philippines System and University of the Philippines Diliman, and ahead of Ateneo de Manila University and University of Santo Tomas.[135]

In March 2020, DLSU was recognized as the country’s most productive research institution based on publications indexed by Scopus. De La Salle University has produced more than 600 Scopus-indexed publications in 2019, which is the highest output on record for any Philippine institution in a single calendar year. DLSU’s publications comprise an estimated 15% of the national research output.[136][137] By June 2020, DLSU was able to list 4,113 indexed publications on the database, which is the second-highest among Philippine higher education institutions or HEIs. Scopus’ most recent citation database stated 2019’s DLSU statistics reached 729, making it still the country’s leading research institution.[138]

In 2010, De La Salle University was identified by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) as a Center of Excellence in seven disciplines (namely biology, chemistry, Filipino, information technology, literature, mathematics, physics), teacher education, and a Center of Development in the field of political science and engineering (namely chemical engineering, civil engineering, industrial engineering, electronics and communications engineering, computer engineering and mechanical engineering).[139] The university is also among the 40 institutions granted autonomous status by CHED as of 2010.[12] Autonomous institutions have the privilege to determine their own curriculum, and offer new courses without prior approval from CHED, among others. By 2016, 14 programs have been identified as Centers of Excellence and 5 programs have been identified as Centers of Development.[11] In 2018, De La Salle University ranked third in the university rankings based on Centers of Excellence and Centers of Development awarded by CHED, after University of the Philippines Diliman and University of Santo Tomas, and ahead of University of San Carlos and Ateneo de Manila University.[140]

It is the first of the only two institutions (the other being Ateneo)[141][142] granted the highest-level accreditation (Level IV) by the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities.[2][13] In 2011, all of its undergraduate programs that are accredited by PAASCU are designated Level III while graduate programs are designated Level II.[143] As of 2021, 13 programs of DLSU hold a Level IV accreditation status according to the PAASCU website. These are Accountancy, Business, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science, Economics, Electronics Engineering, Elementary Education, Industrial Engineering, Liberal Arts, Mechanical Engineering, Sciences, and Secondary Education. Meanwhile, the Graduate Programs in Liberal Arts, Science and Education have a Level III accreditation, and the Manufacturing Engineering and Management program has a Level II accreditation. The master’s and doctoral programs in Business Administration are designated Level I.[144]

Libraries and collections

The facade of the former DLSU Library (now the Faculty Center) built in 1985[145]
The library of De La Salle University, now called The Learning Commons, transferred to the Henry Sy Sr. Hall in 2012[146]

The college library was established in 1956 upon the merger of the high school and college libraries. It was located on the first two floors of St. Joseph Hall with a seating capacity of 100 persons and a collection of almost 10,000 books.[145] Its collection includes 21,218 titles and 33,741 volumes on language and literature as of 2008,[147] 3,751 titles and 4,898 volumes on fine arts and music as of 2006,[148] and 17,999 titles and 26,526 volumes on philosophy and religion as of 2005.[149] A 2001 assessment places its number of periodicals at 14,362 titles.[150] The library has among the highest borrowing limit per person (30 books), longest loan period (14 days) and highest overdue fine (₱20 per day; US$0.46 per day).[67][151] The De La Salle University Learning Commons (University Library) is presently housed in the 14-floor Henry Sy Sr. Hall – the largest university library building in the Philippines. The Learning Commons occupy the 5th to the 13th floors.

The University Archives grew from its early beginnings in 1973 as the College Archives to a major department/unit in 1989, occupying the fourth floor of the DLSU Library. It holds materials of historical significance to the university (many of which were lost during the Second World War), and acts as its "official memory".[152] The Archives now holds not only the theses collection and the university records, but also the special collections (consisting of books as well as non-book materials, manuscripts and personal papers), faculty publications, De La Salle publications, LaSalliana collection, and museum artifacts among others. Its museum collection includes over 600 ceramic artifacts from Southeast Asia dating back as early as 200 BC, almost 400 specimens of rare Philippine banknotes and coins, over 200 artworks.[153] In addition, it has 298 volumes of film scripts, 766 audio tapes, 66 videotapes, 1,205 volumes on health and nutrition, and 1,050 books and journals on neurology and related disciplines, among others. Several of these collections were donations previously owned by various notable Lasallians, including Senator Jose Diokno, Don Francisco Ortigas Jr., José Javier Reyes, and Senator Lorenzo Tañada.[154]

The Museum is the university's collection of Philippine modern art donated by the heirs of Doreen Fernandez, a food critic. The collection comprises more than 400[155] works by several artists, including ten National Artists of the Philippines (namely Fernando Amorsolo, Benedicto Cabrera, Botong Francisco, José T. Joya, Ang Kiukok, Cesar Legaspi, Arturo R. Luz, Vicente Manansala, Jeremias Elizalde Navarro and Hernando R. Ocampo).[156]

Research

The De La Salle University Science Foundation serves as DLSU's repository of research funding providing research grants to faculty, and scholarship grants to students.[157] Registered in April 1998,[158] its total assets were worth over ₱8.5 billion (US$197 million)[67] in 2008.[159] 120 (20 percent) of DLSU faculty had been involved in 80[160] research projects between March 2008 and February 2009. 39 (12 percent) of its faculty had their research published in ISI-listed journals in 2008.[161]

Since 2000, DLSU has been the Commission on Higher Education Zonal Research Center for the 59 colleges and universities located in Las Piñas, Makati, Manila, Muntinlupa, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, Pateros, Taguig and San Juan.[162] Its functions include evaluation of research proposals for recommendation for CHED funding and monitoring of CHED-funded researches, among others.[163]

The College of Computer Studies Center for Empathic Human-Computer Interactions specializes in affective computing, a study that seeks to create machines capable of reacting to human emotions. The center is funded by the Philippine Department of Science and Technology.[164] Emotion recognition (including laughter recognition), behavior prediction and the influence of music to emotion are among the center's research, many of which are in collaboration with Osaka University.[165][166] The center, also in collaboration with Osaka, is the first one that constructed an empathic computing space in the Philippines.[167]

The Center for Micro-Hydro Technology for Rural Electrification of the College of Engineering, established in 2002 through Japan International Cooperation Agency funds,[168] is engaged in designing micro hydro generators.[169][170] The center, in coordination with the Philippine Department of Energy, has been involved in the electrification of remote areas using micro hydro installations.[171]

SINAG, the first Philippine solar car

Both of the only two solar cars, SINAG (Tagalog for light beam)[172] and SIKAT (brilliance),[173] of the Philippines were made by DLSU engineering faculty and students. SINAG participated in the 2007 World Solar Challenge, and finished 12th among 40 entries.[174] SIKAT (which has more advanced solar cells, a more aerodynamic body, and 100 kg less weight) will participate in the 2011 competition.[175][176] The project is funded by several private companies, including Ford Philippines, Pilipinas Shell, Philippine Airlines and San Miguel Corporation.[177]

The College of Engineering is among the 18 "National Research Institutions" of the Asian Regional Research Programme on Environmental Technology,[178] a project funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency and coordinated by the Asian Institute of Technology that seeks to assess environmental degradation in Asia.[179] The college has also conducted research on biodiesel from the pili nut and winged bean,[180] and sustainable technology.[181]

In 2020, De La Salle University captured the attention of British diplomats and scientists with its research on converting wastewater or toilet sludge into nutrient-rich fertilizer. The study aims to find a sustainable alternative to importing phosphates as fertilizer for farms in the Philippines. The research project won ₱13 million from the Newton Fund of the U.K. government.[182][183]

The University's I-Nano facility has initiated a project on developing a Thermal Mechanical Garment (outer layer of a space suit) made from Abaca fiber. This is officially funded by the DOST and to be collaborated alongside the Technological University of the Philippines, FEATI University, Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, and the Philippine Textile Research Institute. The study aims to fabricate a layered structure of fabric out of Abaca fibers coated by a nanocomposite material for electromagnetic interference shielding and thermal resistance.[184][185]

Student life

File:ConnonHall.jpg
Br. Connon Hall, location of the Office of the Dean of Student Affairs[186]

As of 2010, the Council of Student Organizations, a union of DLSU-accredited student organizations, had 39 members.[187] Founded in 1974, the council oversees implementation of university-wide activities, such as annual freshmen welcoming.[188]

The LaSallian (first published in 1960)[31] and Ang Pahayagang Plaridel (Tagalog for The Plaridel Newspaper;[189] first published in 1984)[36] are the official student newspapers of the university. The two, written in English and Filipino respectively, are among the four periodicals managed by the Student Media Office.[190] Other student media groups managed by the Student Media Office include the Malate Literary Portfolio, Green & White, Green Giant FM, and Archers Network.

The De La Salle University Chorale in 2010

Performing arts

The De La Salle University Chorale is "the premiere chorale group in the university."[191] Since its establishment in 1987,[36] it has won several awards from different international choir competitions, including the Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod in 1992 and 2010 for the chamber and folk music,[192][193] and the grand prize in the Tampere Vocal Music Festival in 1995,[194] among others.[195][196]

The La Salle Dance Company – Street is the first champion of the UAAP Street Dance Competition, an annual event organized by the University Athletic Association of the Philippines since it was first introduced in the second semester of UAAP Season 73 in 2011.[197][198] They have won the most number of titles in the seniors' division of the UAAP Street Dance Competition with four championships.[199][200] They also represent the country as frequent finalists in the World Hip Hop Dance Championships. Other groups in the company specialize in contemporary and folk.[201]

Established around 1966, the Harlequin Theatre Guild is the official theater organization of DLSU.[202] It has performed plays written by Palanca Awards laureates, including Unang Ulan ng Mayo (Tagalog for First Rainfall of May) by John Iremil Teodoro, which was staged for the fourth time in December 2011 in line with the LGBT month of Metro Manila[203] and Rizal is My President: 40 Leadership Tips from Jose Rizal by Joshua So based on the book written by Napoleon G. Almonte and staged during the May 2009 Presidential Elections.[204][205] Other notable organizations include the De La Salle Innersoul, Green Media Group, and Lasallian Youth Orchestra.

Sports tradition

Green Archer Statue

Template:Main

De La Salle has several varsity teams and sport clubs participating in different sports competitions, most notably basketball, volleyball, football and cheerleading.[206][207] The university was a founding member in 1924 of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), in which it won five General Championships (1972–73, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1977–78, and 1980–81) until La Salle withdrew from the league in 1981. Br. John Lynam FSC, established the first De La Salle basketball team. In 1924, he was one of the organizers of the pre-war National Collegiate Athletic Association as the first and oldest collegiate athletic association in the Philippines composed of De La Salle, San Beda, Ateneo, Letran, UP, UST, FEU, NU and UM. In 1986, De La Salle University was admitted into the University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP), an intercollegiate sporting association formed in 1938.[36][208] Ever since joining the UAAP in 1986, DLSU has won three UAAP General Championships – Season 75 (2012–13),[209] Season 76 (2013–14),[210] and Season 78 (2015–16),[211] giving the university a combined eight General Championship titles in the seniors' division in the NCAA and UAAP.

The DLSU Animo Squad was originally known in its pre-war NCAA years as Br. John Lynam's 1924 LaS Rah! Rah! Boys, then in 1926 as the LSC Yell Commanders. The DLSC Squad was the first and oldest Collegiate Coed Spirit Team in the Philippines. It was renamed decades later on as the post-war DLSC Cheerleading Squad, then in the 1980s as the DLSU Pep Squad until 2008, when it was renamed by Br. Bernard Oca FSC, as the present DLSU Animo Squad. The DLSU Green & White Spirit Team has since then won five cheer dance podium finishes in the span of its UAAP participation, in 1994, 1996, 1998, 2011, and 2013. The original Lasallian cheerleading spirit team was formally established from 1924 to 1926 with four LaS Rah! Rah! Boys/LSC Yell Command pioneers. Br. John Lynam's pre-war LaS Rah! Rah! Boys, as well as his LSC and DLSC Yell Commanders up to Br. Bernard Oca's present DLSU Animo Squad has been continuously cheerleading for Template:Age years.

The original members of the LaS, LSC, and DLSC cheerleading squad were all male until the inclusion of female cheerleaders in the early 1970s. The DLSC cheerleading squad was the first spirit team in both the NCAA and UAAP to have female cheerleaders. The first female DLSC cheerleaders were cross-enrollees from St. Scholastica's College, Manila before De La Salle College turned co-educational in 1973. During De La Salle's pre-war years in the old NCAA, Lasallites enjoyed singing several battle songs such as "Men of La Salle!", "On Into The Fight – Green Archers Song", "Cheer! Cheer! For O'l De La Salle" and many more battle songs.[212][213]

In 1941, the DLSC Green & White yearbook featured a vintage black and white photo of four elementary school boys who proudly wore their Green Archer costumes that formed the first Green Archer Grade School Boys mascot cheerleading squad. The tradition of singing the "Hail to De La Salle" Alma Mater Song while doing the defiant raised, clenched fist "Hail! Hail! Hail!" salute has been performed since 1964. This famous Lasallian tradition was initiated by the DLSC cheerleading squad during the final buzzer of the Green Archers' only winless 1965 NCAA basketball season. The DLSC Yell Commanders started the tradition of proudly singing the De La Salle Alma Mater Song with the distinct "Invictus La Salle" school spirit at the end of all its then pre-martial law 1960s NCAA matches which were later emulated and done by other rival NCAA colleges and UAAP universities. The De La Salle Alma Mater Song has been traditionally sung since then in every Lasallian gathering, event, varsity game, meeting, party, alumni activity, wake, and funeral. The De La Salle Alma Mater Song was originally composed and sung in 1961 by two De La Salle Christian Brothers, Br. Stephen Malachy FSC and Br. Bonaventure Richard FSC, in a Lasallian high school in the United States. This widely popular Alma Mater Hymn is presently being sung in several Lasallian schools worldwide as a battle song.[214]

Linkages

De La Salle University is a member of the following networks and organizations:[14][15]

  • ASEAN International Mobility for Students 7 (AIMS 7)
  • ASEAN University Network (AUN)
  • ASEAN University Network Inter–Library Online (AUNILO)
  • ASEAN University Network – ASEAN Credit Transfer System (AUN–ACTS)
  • ASEAN University Network/Southeast Asia Engineering Education Development Network (AUN/SEEDNET)
  • ASEAN–China Academic Cooperation and Exchange
  • Association of Christian Universities and Colleges in Asia (ACUCA)
  • Association of Southeast and East Asian Catholic Colleges and Universities (ASEACCU)
  • Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning (ASAIHL)
  • British Council
  • Center for the Advancement of Research and Education Exchange Networks in Asia (CAREN)
  • Global Education for European Engineers and Entrepreneurs (GE4)
  • International Association of Lasallian Universities (IALU)
  • International Association of University Presidents (IAUP)
  • International Federation of Catholic Universities (IFCU)
  • Temasek Foundation – Leadership Enrichment and Global Networking Programme
  • United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia (UBCHEA)
  • University Cooperation for Internationalisation (UNCOFIN)
  • University Mobility for Asia and the Pacific (UMAP)

Notable alumni

Jaime Sin

Template:Main Notable alumni from the high school and college of De La Salle include:[65]

Honorary degrees were conferred to the following Individuals:[217]

Gallery

See also

References

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  174. SINAG Finishes World Solar Challenge with a Day to Spare. De La Salle University (September 27, 2007).
  175. "Sleeker solar car launches RP tour", January 13, 2010. 
  176. "New solar car kicks off nationwide tour" (PDF). 2401. Manila. 41 (15): 3. January 18, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
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  178. NRIs by country. Asian Regional Research Programme on Environmental Technology.
  179. Official website. Asian Regional Research Programme on Environmental Technology II.
  180. College of Engineering. De La Salle University.
  181. Sustainable Technologies Research Group. De La Salle University.
  182. La Salle scientist and team win P13-M Newton Prize for fertilizer research (en-US) (2020-01-30).
  183. DLSU Wins P13 Million for Research on Turning Toilet Sludge Into Fertilizer (en-US) (2020-02-20).
  184. BMPlus (2020-02-13). DLSU's I-Nano facility embarks on DOST's spacesuit project (en-US).
  185. DLSU Developing Spacesuit Made With Abaca Fiber (en-US) (2020-02-22).
  186. Office of the Dean of Student Affairs. De La Salle University.
  187. "CSO miscalculates accreditation grades of student orgs", The LaSallian, Sandi Suplido, December 30, 2010. 
  188. Council of Student Organizations. De La Salle University.
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  190. Student Publications. De La Salle University.
  191. (2010) "Section 1.3.6: Performing arts groups", Operations manual AY 2010–2011. Manila: De La Salle University Cultural Arts Office. 
  192. Public Information Service Unit (July 16, 2010). RP Choirs Shine in UK Competition – UST Singers Win "Choir of the World" Award. Department of Foreign Affairs.
  193. Rose Eclarinal (July 9, 2010). DLSU Chorale serenades Pinoys in London. ABS–CBN Europe News Bureau.
  194. History. Tampere Music Festivals.
  195. Dean of Student Affairs (July 29, 2010). [DSA DLSU Chorale garnered awards during their European Tour]. De La Salle University.
  196. De La Salle University Chorale In Concert. Philippine Embassy to the United Kingdom.
  197. Angel Bombarda. "LSDC-Street: The La Salle kind of dance", March 23, 2011. 
  198. Anthony Divinagracia (March 13, 2011). La Salle wins UAAP street dance tilt. University Athletic Association of the Philippines.
  199. La Salle reclaims UAAP street dance crown (March 23, 2019).
  200. La Salle wins record 4th UAAP streetdance crown (March 23, 2019).
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  202. Harlequin Theatre Guild: Love Express. De La Salle University.
  203. "Unang Ulan ng Mayo" to be staged from October 9–11. Philippine Entertainment Portal (October 6, 2008).
  204. RDA (March 2010). AdU Theater presents "Rizal is My President". Adamson University.
  205. "DLSU's Harlequin presents 'Rizal is My President'", August 14, 2009. 
  206. Overview. De La Salle University.
  207. Sports Clubs. De La Salle University.
  208. University Athletic Association of the Philippines. De La Salle University.
  209. "DLSU wins first UAAP General Championship", GMA. 
  210. "La Salle crowned UAAP Season 76 overall champions", Rappler. 
  211. "La Salle overall champ in UAAP; UST second", The Philippine Star. 
  212. Green Guide 2016: DLSU Cheers. De La Salle University.
  213. Hail to thee our Alma Mater!. The LaSallian.
  214. "ANIMO La Salle!", The Philippine Star. 
  215. Istana Nurul Iman. Arabia MSN.
  216. Leandro V. Locsin. Arkitekturang Filipino.
  217. IRPA, DLSU ITS, DLSU STRATCOM, DLSU. De La Salle University : Office of the University Registrar : Honorary Degree Awardees (en).
  218. Appointments and Positions of Significance. Archdiocese of Manila.
  219. Michelle O'Donnell. "Cardinal Jaime Sin, a Champion of the Poor in the Philippines, Is Dead at 76", June 1, 2005. 
  220. 220.0 220.1 Honorary Degree Awardees. De La Salle University.
  221. Chinese billionaire Jack Ma 'extremely humbled' by honorary degree from DLSU. GMA News (October 25, 2017).

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