Dalagang Bukid (Country Maiden), created in 1919, was the first Filipino movie. It was created by Jose Nepumuceno, the so-called "Father of Philippine Movies". First staged on 1919 by the Campania de Zarzuela Ilagan at the Teatro Zorilla, Manila. In 1987, it was published in the original Tagalog and English versions by Marcela Zamora in Philippine Drama: Twelve Plays in Six Philippine Languages, Quezon City: NSTA-Assisted UPS Integrated Program. A sarswela in three acts. This is the most popular Tagalog sarswela of the period, having numerous performance in Manila and other provinces before WWII.
CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art, Vol 7. Manila: Cultural Center of the Philippines, 1994.