Cuyonon

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Cuyonon is a regional Bisayan language spoken on the coast of Palawan, and the Cuyo Islands in the Philippines.[1] Cuyonon had been the lingua franca (language used for communication) of the province of Palawan until recently when migration flow into the region rapidly increased. 43% of the total population of Palawan during the late 1980s spoke and used Cuyonon as a language. Later studies showed a significant decrease in the number of speakers due to an increase of Tagalog-speaking immigrants from Luzon.

The Cuyonon language is classified by the Summer Institute of Linguistics as belonging to the Central Philippine, Western Bisayan, Kuyan subgroup. The largest number of speakers lives in the Cuyo Group of Islands, which is located between Northern Palawan and Panay Island.

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p b t d k ɡ ʔ
Fricative s h
Nasal m n ŋ
Tap/Flap ɾ
Approximant w l j

Vowels

Front Central Back
Close i
Mid ɘ o
Open a

Unlike most Philippine languages, it only consists of one close vowel.[2]

Simple greetings

  • Good afternoon - Mayad nga apon
  • Good evening/night - Mayad nga gabi
  • How are you? - Kumusta kaw?
  • I'm fine/good and you? - Mayad da, ay ikaw?
  • I'm just fine, by the grace of God - Kaloy' Dios mayad da.
  • Thank you - Salamat
  • Where are you going? - Adin kaw mapakon?
  • What are you doing? - Anono imong ingbuwoat?
  • Oh, nothing in particular. - Ara ra.
  • Please come in. - Dayon kamo.
  • Long time no see. - Mabway kita reng ara agkita.

Common expressions

Cuyonon Kinaray-a Tagalog English
Mayad nga temprano Mayad nga aga Magandáng umaga Good morning
Mayad nga ugtong adlaw Mayad nga adlawon Magandáng tanghalì Good noon
Mayad nga apon Mayad nga hapon Magandáng hapon Good afternoon
Mayad nga sirem Mayad nga sirum Magandáng takipsilim Good dusk
Mayad nga gabi Mayad nga gabi-i Magandáng gabí Good evening
Mayad nga adlaw Mayad nga adlaw Magandáng araw Good day
Aruman Sarum-an Bukas Tomorrow
Dominggo Domingo Linggo Sunday
Bulan Bulan Buwán Month
Dagon Tuig Taón Year
Matamang salamat (Dërë/Rakë) nga salamat Maraming salamat Thanks a lot
Ing gegegman ta kaw Ginahigugma ta ikaw Mahal kitá I love you
Ing etekan ako kanimo Ga-ëgët takën kanimo Naiinís akó sa iyo I hate you
Een Hëëd Oo Yes
Beken/Indi Indî/Bëkën Hindî No
Amos Dali rën Tara na Let's go
Maderep Mapisan Masipag Industrious
Maambeng Masadya Masayá Happy
Masabor Manamit Masaráp Delicious
Mabaskeg Mabaskëg Malakás Strong
Ambog Hambog Mayabang Boastful
Kabos Mango Mangmang Dumb
Engey Buang/Buangit Baliw Crazy
Bengel Bëngël Bingí Deaf
Maiseg Maisëg Matapang Brave
Maluyo Mahinay Mabagal Slow
Tekagan/Biga-il Biga-ën/Bigatlën Malandî Flirtatious
Yawâ Yawa/Kadë Masama Demon
Buring Higkë/Buring Dumi Dirt
Makurî Mabëdlay/Malisud Mahirap Difficult
Adlek Hadlëk Takót Afraid
Lalaki Laki Lalaki Male
Babai' Bahi/Bayi Babae Female
Manong Manong Kuya Older brother
Manang Manang Ate Older sister
Matinlo kaw Gwapa 'kaw Maganda ka You are beautiful
Gwapo kaw Gwapo 'kaw Pogi ka You are manly
Lebaan kaw Ma-alwan 'kaw Mabait ka You are kind
Pag-amblig Halong/Mag-amlig Mag-ingat ka Take care
Karawat Sipal Laro Play
Tyo' Ayam Aso Dog
Kuti' Kuti Pusa Cat
Ambe Balabaw Daga Rat
Palamingko' Lasga/Guyum Langgam Ant
Kalag Kalag Kaluluwa Spirit
Aso' Aso Usok/Aso Smoke
Tubig Tubig Tubig Water
Ugbong Babaw Itaas Up
Idalem Dalëm Ilalim Down
Kwarta Kwarta Salapí Money
Sensilyo Sinsilyo Barya Coins
Palengke Mercado/Tienda Palengke/Pamilihan Market

Parts of the body

Cuyonon Kinaray-a Tagalog English
Ulo Ulo Ulo Head
Mata Mata Mata Eye
Buk Buhok Buhok Hair
Irong Irong Ilong Nose
Talingâ Talinga Tainga / Tenga Ear
Bibig Bibig Labi Lip
Bâbâ Baba Bibig Mouth
Ipën Unto Ngipin Tooth
Èyen Yahun Pisngi Cheek
Daí Dahi Noo Forehead

References

External links

  1. Palawan Tourism Council. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  2. DeVries; Roe, Virginia H.; G. Richard (1967). Semivowels in the Coyono Alphabet. Manila Bureau of Printing, 268–273.