Adiantum philippinense Linn.
Scientific name: Adiantum philippinense Linn.
Common name: Culantrillo (Sp., Tag., Pamp.); gatgatun (Ig.); kaikai (Tag.); palsik (Ig.); sai-kolohan (Tag.)
Description: The stipes of this small and delicate fern are tufted, slender, dark brown, shining, glabrous, and 5 to 20 centimeters long. The simply pinnate fronds are 10 to 30 centimeters long and 5 to 8 centimeters wide. The leaflets are slenderly stalked, thin, oblong to semilunate in outline, 1 to 3.5 centimeters long and 0.8 to 1.5 centimeters broad. The lower margin is nearly straight or forming an angle at the insertion of the stalk. The upper margin is semicircular, entire, or slightly lobed. The sori are oblong to linear and are as long as the lobes are broad.
Habitat: It grows on wet and damp banks or cliffs and in damp thickets, particularly in the rainy season.
Distribution: It is common throughout the Philippines especially in the tropics. Some are cultivated for their beauty of foliage.
Economic importance/Medicinal value: The fronds, which are made into a decoction or syrup, are used for the same purpose as is Adiantum capillus-veneris Linn..
In the Philippines, they are used to women in childbirth. The decoction of fresh leaves is also used as a stomachic, a diuretic, and as a cure for dysentery.
- Qisumbing, Eduardo A. Medicinal Plants of the Philippines. (Accessed on 25 August 2021).