Creative Commons Licenses

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Creative Commons licenses refer to one of the six copyright licenses that were formulated by the Creative Commons, a US not-for-profit organization in 2001. These licenses are needed in the digital age, as the explosion of publishing in print and the internet have created massive amounts of content which should be labeled with their appropriate terms for legal reuse.

These licenses are originally intended for the US intellectual property rights system, so they were ported to more than 34 countries (including the Philippines) by harmonizing them with the local copyright codes.

There are four basic conditions encoded in any license:

1) Attribution: users may copy, display or perform the work provided the author is credited

2) Noncommerical use: users may copy, display or perform the work as long as the work is only used for noncommercial purposes

3) No derivative works: Users may copy, display or perform the work as long as they do not remix, alter, or build upon the work.

4) Share-Alike: Users may redistribute the work provided that they license the resultant work with the same original license


Types of Creative Commons Philippines Licenses

By mixing and matching the above 4 conditions, it is possible for a copyright holder to clearly identify the possible reuse of copyrighted material, without having to formally ask for permission. Currently Creative Commons Philippines supports six regularly-used types of licenses:

1. Attribution 3.0 (BY) (You are free to share, to remix, as long as you attribute the work in the manner specified by the author)

2. Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 (BY-NC) (You are free to share, to remix, as long as you attribute the work in the manner specified by the author and that you don't use the work for commercial purposes)

3. Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 ((BY-ND) (You are free to share, as long as you attribute the work in the manner specified by the author and that you don't use the work for commercial purposes. In addition you may not alterm transform or build upon the work)

4. Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 (BY-SA) (You are free to share and remix, as long as you attribute the work in the manner specified by the author and that you don't use the work for commercial purposes. You may however alter, transform or build upon the work, provided you distribute the resulting work with the same license to this one.)

5. Attribution-No Derivative Works 3.0 (BY-NC-ND) (You are free to share, as long as you attribute the work in the manner specified by the author. However you may not alter, transform or build upon the work)

6. Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 (BY-NC-SA) (You are free to share and remix, as long as you attribute the work in the manner specified by the author. You may however alter, transform or build upon the work, provided you distribute the resulting work with the same license to this one.) Although this license is share-alike it is not free content.

All six licenses require attribution, as the survey of the Creative Commons organizations because 98% of copyright owners require attribution. Some of the licenses (#4 and #6) border on the concept of copyleft, the practice of releasing works from their copyright so that copies can be redistributed without asking prior permission. Nevertheless, even by allowing share-alike conditions, copyright holders still reserve some rights to themselves, which leads to liberal licenses with "some rights reserved".

See also