Cotabato City

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Template:PH wikidata, officially the Template:PH wikidata (Maguindanaon: Ingud nu Kutawatu; Iranun: Inged a Kotawato; Template:Lang-tl), is a Template:PH wikidata [[Cities of the Philippines#Legal classification|Template:PH wikidata]] in the Template:PH wikidata, Template:PH wikidata. According to the Template:PH wikidata, it has a population of Template:PH wikidata,Template:PH census making it as the most populated city under the independent component city status.

Cotabato City was formerly a part and the regional center of Region XII, but due to the ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law, it is now part of Bangsamoro and serves as the regional center. Being an independent component city, it is not a subject to regulation from the Provincial Government of Maguindanao where it is geographically located. The Philippine Statistics Authority also lists Cotabato City as statistically independent.[1]

Cotabato City is distinct from and should not be confused with the province of Cotabato.

History

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Prior to the arrival of Hindus and Muslims, the city was a vast swamp and rainforest landscape where numerous ethno-linguistic groups lived. Maguindanao vernacular architecture developed during this era, which included the architectural techniques of at least 10 ethno-linguistic groups. Later on, Hindu traders arrived and the people of the area embraced the practice of Hinduism. The set of moral standards and culture of present-day people of Maguindanao are seen due to this Hindu influence.[2][3]

Sultanate of Maguindanao

By 1515, after a successful Islamic colonization in Sulu, Muslim traders went to Maguindanao and converted many of the natives to Islam. Those that did not accept the arrival of the Muslims went into higher ground or the interior of the island. During the same year, the Sultanate of Maguindanao was formally established, with Kota Wato as its capital, and ruled a vast territory in Mindanao from until its total collapse in 1888.

Following the Spanish evacuation in Jan. 1899, Datu Piang led the Moro's in a massacre of the remaining Christian community, enslaving those they did not kill.[4]Template:Rp Americans arrived in Mindanao in 1900 after the Spanish–American War ended in 1898. Cotabato town was part of Moro Province and of Department of Mindanao and Sulu from 1903 to 1920, when the Empire Province of Cotabato,Template:Disputed inline referred to as "Moroland" by the Americans, was founded with the town as the capital, with Datu Piang as its first governor.[1]

Cotabato

Several towns were carved off from Cotabato town since the year 1913, with Pikit being the first one founded by Cebuano Christian colonists. Dulawan (now Datu Piang, Maguindanao) and Midsayap were incorporated as regular municipalities in 1936. In 1942, at the beginning of the Pacific Front of World War II, the Japanese Imperial forces entered what is now Maguindanao province. In 1945, Maguindanao was liberated by allied Philippine Commonwealth troops and Muslim Maguindanaoan guerrilla units after defeating the Japanese Imperial forces in the Battle of Maguindanao during the Second World War.[1] On August 18, 1947, just two years after the Second World War and a year after the official inauguration of Philippine independence, the number of towns in the gigantic Cotabato province were multiplied by Executive Order No. 82 signed by President Manuel Roxas, namely: Kidapawan, Pagalungan, Buayan, Marbel, Parang, Nuling, Dinaig, Salaman, Buluan, Kiamba, and Cabacan, a total of eleven (11) towns added to the previous four towns; the newly founded towns of Kabuntalan, Pikit (conversion as regular municipality), and Glan added up on September 30, 1949. More and more newly created towns added up in the province's number of towns as the province entered the second half of the 20th century.[1]

Cityhood status

The city was chartered by the virtue of Republic Act No. 2364 on June 20, 1959.[5]

The city used to be part of the original Province of Cotabato and was its capital from 1920 until 1967, a year after the separation of South Cotabato; since then the city was the administrative center of the ARMM when Maguindanao was carved out in 1973. However, the city broke off administratively from Maguindanao as it rejoined Soccsksargen in the 1990s. Now many sources consider the city as part of the present Cotabato province, although geographically it is still considered part of Maguindanao.[1]

Inclusion in the Bangsamoro region

The city has traditionally resisted efforts for its inclusion to the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao despite serving as the government center of the region. Despite of this, the city's residents voted for their locality's inclusion in the new Bangsamoro Autonomous Region by voting to ratify the Bangsamoro Organic Law in the January 21, 2019 plebiscite.[6] The city became de jure part of Bangsamoro following the plebiscite, as well as the government center of the new region. It became official part of the region after its formal turnover to the Bangsamoro regional government on December 15, 2020.[7] Template:Clear-left

Geography

Cotabato is approximately Template:Convert from Manila, the country's capital, and is bounded by the municipalities of Sultan Kudarat to the north—with Rio Grande de Mindanao separating the two—Kabuntalan to the east, and Datu Odin Sinsuat to the south. The city faces Illana Bay, part of the Moro Gulf, to the west.

Cotabato City has a total land area of Template:Convert, located at the mouth of the Rio Grande de Mindanao and Pulangi River.[8]

Urban Areas

Cotabato City has 27 urban barangays that are grouped into two major urban areas, the Down Town Area and the Upper Town Area.

Down Town Area covers the barangays of Poblacion and Bagua which has a population of more than 150,000, Down Town area is below the sea water level, so it is always prone to flooding, down town is the center of banking, trading and commerce of Cotabato City, more than 20 banks including Central Bank of the Philippines are here, the two major wet markets are also located here the Mega Market and the City Arcade, malls and supermarkets are also here such as South Seas Mall, Puregold Main Branch, Sugni Super Store, Superama (3 branches) and also the upcoming KCC Mall of Cotabato. Some of major schools are also located at the down town area such as Notre Dame University, Cotabato City Central Pilot School the largest elementary school, STI Cotabato and Notre Dame of Cotabato, many restaurants and fast food chains are located here such as McDonalds, two branches of Jollibee, Greenwhich, Chowking, Goldilocks, Redribbon, Mang inasal, Mister Donut and Choobi Choobi.

Upper Town Area is the elevated area of Cotabato City, it covers all barangays of Rosary Heights and where the Peoples Palace (City Hall) are situated, the upper town area is the services center of Cotabato City because the Regional Government Agencies from the Bangsamoro Region and Region 12 are located on this area, it also covers Cotabato Regional and Medical Center and other medical hospitals, other educational institutions are also located here Cotabato City State Polytechnic College, Notre Dame-RVM, AMA Computer College and also the defunct University of Mindanao is located here. There are three major shopping malls here the CityMall, Mall of Alnor and Fiesta Mall(Puregold 2nd branch), many restaurants are also spread out on this area such as Jollibee (2 branches), Chowking (2 branches), Greenwich, Chicken Deli, Reyes Barbecue, Hukad Restaurant, Bo's Coffee (2 branches), Blackscoop Cafe, Highlands Coffee and Penongs.

The other two developing areas are Barangays of Kalanganan which is the Seaport and the Grand Mosque is located, the major industry here are aquaculture, the proposed Public Market and Public Terminal is located here, coastal road is also under construction on this area. Another developing area is the Barangays of Tamontaka, which the proposed International Airport will be established on this area, Tamontaka is also the east diversion road of Cotabato City.

Topography

The city is situated in the lowest portion of Maguindanao province. The City of Cotabato with its 37 barangays spans an area with marked landscapes of flat, level to nearly level, very gently sloping to gently undulations to moderately sloping or rolling. It is basically a delta formed by two big rivers, the Tamontaka River and the Rio Grande de Mindanao. Basically 70% of its total land area is below sea level. There are only 2 existing elevated areas in the city, the PC Hill and the Timako Hill with an altitude of 90 and 150 feet, respectively. At the foot of PC Hill is Tantawan Park and also hosts the Kutang Bato Caves.

Concentration of settlements and other urban uses are in the central portion while the southwestern and southeastern portion have mixed uses of agricultural land settlements. The city is criss-crossed by meandering and braided creeks and rivers like the Matampay, Parang, Timako, Esteros and Miwaruy.

These water bodies serve as sources of both agricultural, industrial and domestic water requirements of some rural barangays. These rivers also serve as the natural drainage flow of the city's wastes.

Barangays

Cotabato City is politically subdivided into 37 barangays.[9][10] Cotabato City has 27 urban barangays as classified by Philippine Statistics Authority.

Urban

  • Bagua Mother
  • Bagua I
  • Bagua II
  • Bagua III
  • Kalanganan Mother
  • Kalanganan I
  • Kalanganan II
  • Poblacion Mother
  • Poblacion II
  • Poblacion IV
  • Poblacion V
  • Poblacion VI
  • Poblacion VII
  • Poblacion VIII
  • Poblacion IX
  • Rosary Heights Mother
  • Rosary Heights II
  • Rosary Heights III
  • Rosary Heights V
  • Rosary Heights VI
  • Rosary Heights VII
  • Rosary Heights VIII
  • Rosary Heights IX
  • Rosary Heights X
  • Rosary Heights XI
  • Rosary Heights XIII
  • Tamontaka Mother

Rural

  • Poblacion I
  • Poblacion III
  • Rosary Heights I
  • Rosary Heights IV
  • Rosary Heights XII
  • Tamontaka I
  • Tamontaka II
  • Tamontaka III
  • Tamontaka IV
  • Tamontaka V

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification system, Cotabato City features a tropical rainforest climate (Af), falling just short of a tropical monsoon climate (Am).

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Demographics

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The majority of the inhabitants of Cotabato City are Maguindanaon, comprising about 50% of the city's population. There are sizable ethnic populations of Cebuanos (14%), Tagalogs (9.7%), Iranun (7%), Hiligaynons (5.6%), Binisaya (2.7%) and Chinese (2%). The remainder of the population belongs to other ethnicities (e.g. Tausug, Teduray, Ilocano, Maranao and Indian).[11]

Language

The main language is Maguindanao. Tagalog, Chavacano, and Cebuano are spoken by both Christians and Muslims, while Iranun, Maranao, English, and Arabic, can also be heard in the city. The dialect of Chavacano native to Cotabato City is referred to as Cotabateño.[11]

Religion

As reported by Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) on 2015, 76.15% of the people of Cotabato City are adherent of Islam and mainly belong to Sunnites.[12] The followers of Islam are mainly Maguindanaoan, Iranun, Maranao, and Tausug people. The remaining proportion belong to non - Islamic belief such as Christianity, Buddhism and other sects.

Cotabato City also hosts the largest mosque in the Philippines, the Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Masjid which can accommodate approximately 15,000 worshippers.[13] It is also the seat of the Archdiocese of Cotabato which serves its Roman Catholic population.[14] The city also hosts the historic Church of the Immaculate Concepcion Tamontaka.

Festivals religious of origin are also held in the city annually such the Shariff Kabunsuan Festival which is dedicated to Sharif Kabungsuwan, a Muslim missionary which introduced Islam in the area.[15] The Feast of the Immaculate Conception, since the Mary, mother of Jesus as the Immaculate Conception, is regarded by the patron saint of the city by its Catholic population.

Local Government

Template:Stack Elected officials 2019-2022:[16]

  • Mayor:
    • Frances Cynthia Guiani-Sayadi (NPC)
  • Vice Mayor:
    • Graham Nazer Dumama (NPC)
  • City Councilors:
    • Jayjay Guiani (NPC)
    • Bruce Matabalao (NUP)
    • Dr. Eddie Rabago (NPC)
    • Johari Abu (PFP)
    • Michael Datumanong (NPC)
    • Abdillah Lim (NPC)
    • Popoy Formento (PDPLBN)
    • Hassan Biruar (NPC)
    • Freddie Ridao (NPC)
    • Christina Chua (NPC)

List of former mayors

  • Justino Maquez - First Municipal President (1912-1914)
  • Jose Heras - 2nd Municipal President (1913-1932)
  • Jose S. Lim Sr. - The 3rd Municipal President (1932-1937)

1935 Philippine Constitution

  • Aurelio Casanova (1937-1938) appointed
  • Alejandro Doroteo - The first elected mayor in the Municipality of Cotabato under the 1935 Philippine Constitution, 1938 to 1941
  • Jose S. Lim Sr 2nd elected Municipal Mayor (1941-1944)
  • Pacifico Gutierrez - Military Mayor (1944-1945)
  • Datu Mando U. Sinsuat - 1947 to 1951 (Municipality); 1952 to November 16, 1967 (City)
  • Andres Alonzo (1946-1950)
  • Teodoro V. Juliano - November 17, 1967 to February 2, 1975; March 1, 1980 to March 5, 1984
  • Juan J. Ty - February 3, 1975 to February 28, 1980;(won electoral protest against Teodoro V Juliano)March 5, 1984- March 30, 1986
  • Ludovico D. Badoy - March 30, 1986 to December 2, 1987; May, 1988 to 1992; 1992 to 1995; 1995 to 1998
  • Officer-in-Charge
    • Arthur P. Bueno - December 1987 to February 1988
    • Dra. Lydia Mercado - February 1988 to May 1988
  • Muslimin Sema - January 1998 to 2001; 2001 to 2004; 2004 to 2007; 2007 to 2010
  • Rodel M. Mañara (Won thru electoral protest against Muslimin Sema) - January 2001 to March 2001
  • Japal Guiani Jr. - May 10, 2010 to June 30, 2013; June 30, 2013 to May 30, 2016; May 30, 2016 to September 22, 2016 (deceased)
  • Cynthia Guiani-Sayadi - September 22, 2016 to May 13, 2019 (Law of succession); May 13, 2019 to present.

Economy

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Skyline of Down Town Cotabato City as of 2019

Cotabato City is the commercial, industrial, finance, education, health care and regional center of Bangsamoro Region as well as Central Mindanao. It is a strategically located at the center of Mindanao which the city has a road link to all other major cities in the island such as Davao, Cagayan de Oro,Zamboanga City and General Santos City. The city government had reported some 1.2-billion pesos worth of new investments or a recorded 1,368 new businesses in 2019, As a result of the robust growth in city's economy it has posted a total annual income of 1.044 billion pesos in the same year, for the past five years, Cotabato City's annual income had been growing at an average of 10.51 percent yearly, also in 2019 Cotabato City is recognized as the top 2 most competitive component city in Mindanao and the most competitive city in Region 12 for 3 consecutive years based on the Cities Municipalities Competitiveness Index (CMCI) annual ranking.

Commercial Retail and Banking Center

Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas - Cotabato City Branch
Mall of Alnor

Cotabato City has one of the Highest Bank Deposits in Mindanao with total of Php20,706,395,000.00 deposits as of December 31, 2019,[17] due to high bank deposits and good economic dynamism. The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas built its Central Mindanao branch in the city.

The city has local and national-based shopping centers. Local-based shopping centers like Superama, Sugni, Mall of Alnor, and Southseas Mall have been in competition with the national-based shopping centers like CityMall, Puregold, Robinsons Supermarket and Department Store, Centro Department Store, and SM Savemore. Cotabato City is one of the fastest growing economy in the Soccsksargen region.[18]

KCC Malls had started its full blown construction last July 1, 2020, it is located at a prime lot along Quezon Avenue corner Sinsuat Avenue, the project is estimated to cost 11 billion pesos, the mall is 4 storey with a total lot area of 11 hectares, on the second phase of construction is the completion of 11 storey hotel with convention center, probably upon completion this could be the tallest building in the region 12.[19] NCCC Malls, a Davao-based mall corporation have also confirmed their interest to build their mall within the city.[20]

Agro-Industrial

City "Double A" Standard Halal Slaughterhouse

Cotabato City has a more or less 1,700 hectares of fishponds which has an annual production of 500,000 kg of mangrove crabs, prawn and milkfish.[21][22][23]

Aiming to be the halal hub of the Philippines, the City Government and Malaysian Businessman built a Class AA halal slaughter house in Baranggay Kalangan II in the city primary serving the entire Central Mindanao, the Halal slaughter house generates a gross income of 4,642,135.00 pesos in 2018.[24]

The city has different factories for cooking oil, coffee, corn starch, processed food and furniture operating within the city.

Cotabato City-Kidapawan City (CK) Agri-industrial and Eco Tourism Corridor

Is an Agri-industrial and Eco Tourism Corridor projected by the NEDA region 12, the primary growth node in this corridor is Cotabato City with Kidapawan City and Midsayap as intermediate urban centers.

Cotabato City as the primary urban center in this corridor, serves as the institutional, financial and service center, also the center of public health with the existence of the Cotabato Regional and Medical Center, and the de facto capital of BARMM. The city is a special economic zone is expected to diversify its economic base and will facilitate the creation of more investment and job opportunities.

Cotabato Province ranks first in the region in rice and rubber production, second in corn and produces organic coco sugar and delicious tropical fruits. It hosts processing plants for palm oil, sugar cane and rubber. The Mount Apo Geothermal Power plant in Kidapawan City generates 52 megawatts.

Tourism

Recently the number of hotels, inn and pension houses increases, in 2015 the city post an all-time high tourist arrivals growth of 241.01% highest on region 12, and Cotabato City has a 63.97% hotel occupancy rate, rank 1 in region 12.[25]

Festivals

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  • Feast of the Immaculate Conception - a celebration of Patron Saint of the city from Dec 1 to Dec 8 activities are mostly participated by different catholic schools
  • Shariff Kabunsuan Festival – this festival is celebrated every December 15–19, which is celebrated in honor of Shariff Mohammad Kabunsuan, an Arab missionary from Johore who planted the seed of Islam in Central Mindanao. On this event, certain presentations are performed such as dances. There are also many recreational activities and sports. Highlights in this festival are Dance Parade, Banca Race and the re-enactment of Shariff's arrival.
  • Araw ng Kutabato (Cotabato Day) – celebrated every June 12–25, this is the biggest celebration in all of the city's festivals. This festival is held to commemorate the city's charter day.
  • Festival of Lights - A Christmas celebration organized by the Notre Dame schools in Cotabato City, celebrated every December of the year.
  • Ramadhan - Being a Muslim majority, the city is one in celebrating the holy month of Ramadhan, both the city local government unit and the Bangsamoro Region are establishing their own Ramadhan Fair and different activities.
  • Layagan Festival - is a Crabs Festival held and organized in the Barangay of Mother Kalanganan, the event is conducted every December, Barangay Kalanganan produces hundred of tons of crabs annually making it as the crabs capital of Soccsksargen.

Transportation

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Air

Flights going to Cotabato City can be reached via Cotabato Airport which is currently situated in Datu Odin Sinsuat, Maguindanao, an adjascent town from the city.

Land

Modified Toyota Townace and Modified Suzuki Multicab are the usual means of transportation routing the city, while tricycle are only roaming within downtown area. Single motor transport known as Habal-habal are also available around in some location. There are also taxi company operating within city or nearby municipality.

Inter-city bus transportations are accessible with these Bus Companies listed below. There are also Shuttle Vans currently operating in the city that travels to Lebak, Pagadian, Marawi, Iligan, Zamboanga, Parang, North Upi, Kabuntalan and even to various towns in BARMM, SOCCSARGEN, Zamboanga Peninsula, Northern Mindanao and Davao Region.[26]

Utilities

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Power is handled by Cotabato Light and Power Company, a private firm owned by Aboitiz who gets power resources from the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines. (NGCP). It also operates a bunker fuel-fired stand-by power engines to address emergency situations like power failures, trip-offs and fluctuations.[27]

Metro Cotabato Water District is the main water supplier in the city. It has an active connection of 29,960. It resources are located in Barangay Dimapatoy, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Maguindanao.[28]

Telecommunications are handled by PLDT or Philippine Long Distance Company, Smart Communications, Globe Telecom, and Sun Cellular. Internet Service provider in the city are PLDT, Smart, and Globe. Cable services are being handled by local-based Cotabato Cable[29] and national-based Cignal[30] and Sky Cable.

Healthcare

United Doctors Hospital Cotabato along Notre Dame Avenue
Cotabato Regional and Medical Center

Cotabato City is the health care center of Central Mindanao catering both mainland of Bangsamoro Region and Central Mindanao, Soccsksargen regional hospital is situated in the city named as Cotabato Regional and Medical Center with its 600-bed capacity it has become the largest hospital in the entire region 12. Cotabato City also has 8 more private hospitals. Below is the list of current operating hospitals in the city.

  • Cotabato Regional and Medical Center – Sinsuat Avenue.
  • Notre Dame Hospital – Sinsuat Avenue
  • Cotabato Medical Specialist Hospital – Quezon Avenue
  • United Doctors Hospital of Cotabato City – Notre Dame Avenue
  • Dr. P. Ocampo Hospital – De Mazenod Avenue
  • Cotabato Doctors Clinic and Hospital – Sinsuat Avenue
  • Cotabato Puericulture Center and General Hospital Foundation, Inc. – Jose Lim Sr. St.
  • Cotabato Polymedic and Diagnostic Center - Governor Gutierez Avenue
  • Eros Medical Clinic and Hospital - Bubong Road, Barangay Tamontaka

Education

Cariño Building, Notre Dame University

There are 18 Private Colleges, one University and one government owned state college in Cotabato City. Based on the Department of Education report the city had a total of 14,228 enrollees for Higher Education (Colleges and Universities) in School Year 2017–2018. Among the higher education institutions in Central Mindanao, the most notable is Notre Dame University (NDU), NDU is the first University in Notre Dame system in Asia, also it was hailed as the best Accountancy School in Mindanao in year 2018 and ranked first as the best School in Central Mindanao.

Higher Education

  • Notre Dame University
  • Cotabato City State Polytechnic College
  • STI Cotabato
  • St. Benedict College of Cotabato
  • Notre Dame – RVM College of Cotabato
  • AMA Computer College
  • Coland Systems Technology College Inc.
  • Antonio R. Pacheco College
  • Doctor P. Ocampo College
  • Dela Vida College
  • Jamiat Cotabato - Cotabato City University
  • Mindanao Capitols Colleges
  • Shariff Kabunsuan College, Inc.
  • Kutawato Darusallam College
  • Headstart College of Cotabato
  • Notre Dame Hospital and School of Midwifery
  • Computer Aided Design and Information Technology Institute, Inc.
  • Aviation Technical School of Cotabato
  • Academia De Technologia in Mindanao
  • JCourse Design Technology Institute Inc.

Defunct Schools in Cotabato City

  • University of Mindanao - Located at Bishop Mongeau Ave., Cotabato City, Cotabato
  • Philippine Harvardian Colleges - Located at Quezon Avenue, Cotabato City now El Manuel Hotel and Citi Hardware
  • Mindanao Institute of Technology(Cotabato Campus)
  • Cotabato City Central Colleges - Located at Sinsuat avenue, now transferred in Koronadal City and renamed as Regency Polytechnic College

Notable people

  • Dr. Abdullah B. Dumama, Jr. - Undersecretary of Health, Department of Health [DOH][31]
  • Orlando Quevedo – Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Cotabato
  • Resham Ramirez Saeed - Half Pakistani and half filipina, who won the title Binibining Pilipinas Supranational 2019.
  • Sheriff Abas - COMELEC Chairman, he is the first COMELEC chairman from Mindanao and the youngest too.[32]
  • Gemeli Tocao - Miss Teen Princess International 2018

Sister cities

Template:See also Cotabato City is twinned with:

Local

International

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Cotabato City. Philippine Information Agency, Government of the Republic of the Philippines. Template:PD-notice
  2. Mandala and its significance in Magindanao Muslim society.
  3. Mindanao Royalty: In the Realm of Muslim Majesties. Town & Country.
  4. Foreman, J., 1906, The Philippine Islands: A Political, Geographical, Ethnographical, Social and Commercial History of the Philippine Archipelago, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
  5. REPUBLIC ACT NO. 2364. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library.
  6. "Cotabato City formally joins Bangsamoro on Dec. 15", Inquirer.net, November 30, 2020. 
  7. "Cotabato City formally joins Bangsamoro gov't", ABS-CBN News, 15 December 2020. (in en) 
  8. Disaster Preparedness of Schools by Abdul Raffi A. Abas
  9. Philippine Standard Geographic Code. Philippine Statistics Authority.
  10. Philippine Standard Geographic Code. Philippine Statistics Authority.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Philippine Statistics Authority (July 26, 2000). Cotabato City Census.
  12. Philippine Statistics Authority (July 26, 2017). Muslim Population in Mindanao (based on POPCEN 2015).
  13. "Muslims still overwhelmed by nation’s biggest mosque", Inquirer Mindanao, 21 July 2012. 
  14. "Catholic priests in BARMM welcome BTA with guarded optimism", MindaNews, 25 February 2019. 
  15. Shariff Kabunsuan Festival (en).
  16. Halalan 2019 Result Local Election in Cotabato City (en).
  17. PDIC Bank Deposits (en).
  18. "Cotabato is 2nd most competitive city", Philippine News Agency, August 18, 2017. 
  19. "Full operational na ang konstruksyon ng KCC Mall of Cotabato City". 
  20. "More malls coming to Cotabato, Kidapawan cities", November 24, 2018. 
  21. "Cotabato’s mud crabs get limelight in feast", Philippine Daily Inquirer, The Daily Inquirer, December 18, 2011. 
  22. "Cotabato fish-crab farmer nominated in DA-12 search", February 27, 2012. 
  23. Local economic development and youth employment: The case of Cotabato City. International Labour Organization.
  24. "Halal industry sa Cotabato city, mas palalakasin! – RMN Networks", RMN Networks, 2017-11-08. (in en-US) 
  25. "Cotabato City posts 241.03% tourist arrival growth in 2015", Mindanao Economic Boom, 2017-02-13. (in en-US) 
  26. Travel Guide: Cotabato City | Lakwatsero (en-US).
  27. History of Cotabato Light & Power Company.
  28. History - Metro Cotabato Water District.
  29. Cotabato Cable Website.
  30. Territory Partners. Cignal TV.
  31. https://www.doh.gov.ph/AsecDumama
  32. Sheriff Abas to break many firsts as Comelec chair.
  33. VM Graham Nazer "Grei" G. Dumama.
  34. Log into Facebook.
  35. Sister Cities.
  36. Cotabato City in Sisterhood with Sultan Kudarat Municipality.
  37. Malaysian investors in Cotabato City.
  38. Mindanao LGUs emulate best Indonesian city – The Standard (2016-08-15).

External links

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