Constitution of Biak-na-Bato

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The Constitution of Biak-na-Bato, promulgated by the Philippine Revolutionary Government on 1 November 1897, was the provisionary Constitution of the Philippine Republic during the Revolution against the Spain.


The draft of the Constitution of Biak-na-bato was written originally in Spanish by Isabelo Artacho and Felix Ferrer. The draft was then approved by the Assembly of prominent leaders of the Philippine Revolutionary Government on 1 November 1897. The "Copia ng Constituciong Halal sa Biak-na-bato" was the Tagalog translation made by Francisco Macabulos y Soliman in Hongkong on 12 May 1898.


The Preamble of the Constitution of Biak-na-Bato reads:

Structure of Government

The organs of the Government under the Constitution are:

  1. The Supreme Council, which is vested with the supreme power of the Republic, is headed by the President and four department secretaries: the interior, foreign affairs, the treasury, and war.
  2. The Consejo Supremo de Gracia Y Justicia (The Supreme Council of Grace and Justice) has the authority to make decisions and affirm or disprove the sentences rendered by other courts, and to dictate rules for the administration of justice.
  3. The Assamblea de Representantes (The Assembly of Representatives) to be convened after the revolution to create a new Constitution and to elect a new Council of Government and Representatives of the people.

See Also

External Links



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