Clodualdo del Mundo Sr.
Clodualdo del Mundo (11 September 1911- 3 October 1977) was a popular writer, literary critic, and komiks novelist in the Philippines. He started his work as a Tagalog prose writer for Liwayway in the 1930s.
Early Life and Education
Born in Santa Cruz, Manila on 11 September 1911, he is the son of Mariano del Mundo, a sculptor from Bocaue, Bulacan, and Remigia Legaspi. He graduated from Mapa High School and achieved his associate in arts at the Far Eastern College (now Far Eastern University) and a Bachelor of Science degree in Education at the National Teachers' College. For some time, he also studied fine arts and law at the University of the Philippines and Philippine Law School respectively.
Career and Affiliations
Del Mundo co-founded and became the first president of Panitikan in 1935. This started his affiliations to other writers' guild and blocs. He became president of Ilaw ng Bayan in 1937, a member of Ilaw at Panitik in 1938, and a member of Taliba ng Inang Wika (TANIW) in 1955, in which he became its head from 1967 to 1972. From the 1930s to the 1970s, he worked as associate editor of leading magazines that time like Aliwan, Alitaptap, Orient Digest, Nautilus, Halakhak, Mabuhay, Paruparo, Daigdig, and Liwayway.
He was the editorial director of Liwayway until the time of his death.
He wrote some of the classic novels in Philippine literature like Bituing Walang Langit (1938), Sukdulan ng Pagmamahal (1963), Sambutil ng Kanin (1964), and Nang Magunaw ang Daigdig (1966). Together with Gervasio Santiago, he published the novels Ito ang Rebolusyon (1972), Judas Iscariote, Kontrabidang Superstar (1972), and Inang Mahal (1973).
He became famous for his critical column published in Taliba and Liwayway called Tao sa Parolang Ginto. The column bore critical articles and commentaries, and came out with monthly and annual recognition of better literary works. Some of his articles were later compiled in a book titled, Mula sa Parolang Ginto. In 1936, he co-edited with Alejandro G. Abadilla a book titled Mga Kuwentong Ginto, which is a compilation of the best short stories from the years 1925 to 1935.
Together with Mars Ravelo, Pablo S. Gomez and Francisco Coching, Del Mundo was considered as one of the most prolific writers in the 1950's. Starting in 1947, Ace Publications' Pilipino Komiks, Hiwaga, Espesyal, and Tagalog Klasiks helped the Tagalog komiks into its golden years. His partnership with Fred Carrillo created some of the Philippines' great komiks works, which include dramas like Malvarosa, Kadenang Putik, Kapitan Bagwis, and Pitong Sagisag; action stories such as Ripleng de Rapido, Paltik, and Asintado; and science-fiction stories which include Tuko sa Madre Kakaw and Zarex.
Some of Del Mundo's stories became the material for movies, including Kadenang Putik (1960), which were produced by movie giants like LVN Pictures and Premiere Productions. He also adapted Jose Rizal's Noli me Tangere into the komiks medium. His most popular radio serial was Prinsipe Amante, which was aired from 1945 to 1953. The story was made into a blockbuster film by Lamberto V. Avellana in 1950.
Awards and Recognitions
His story for Kadenang Putik was awarded Best Story in the 9th FAMAS Awards in 1960. He also garnered three awards from the Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature for his short stories and one-act plays: second prize for the short story, Binhi in 1961, second prize for the one-act play May Ningning ang Kinabukasan in 1955, and third prize for the one-act play Mr. Congressman in 1960.
Clodualdo Del Mundo Sr. died in 03 October 1977 at the age of 66.
- Clodualdo Del Mundo Sr. on KOMIKLOPEDIA (accessed on 06 May 2009)
- Clodualdo Del Mundo Sr. on Internet Movie Database (accessed on 06 May 2009)
- 9th FAMAS AWARDS Nominees and Winners (accessed on 06 May 2009)
- Marcelino, Ramon, ed. A History of Komiks in the Philippines, Quezon City: 1985
- CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art vol. IX: Philippine Literature, 1st ed. Manila:Vera - Reyes, Inc., 1994.