City of San Fernando, Pampanga

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Template:PH wikidata, officially the Template:PH wikidata (Template:Lang-pam; Template:Lang-tl), is a Template:PH wikidata [[Cities of the Philippines#Legal classification|Template:PH wikidata]] and capital of the province of Template:PH wikidata, Template:PH wikidata. According to the Template:PH wikidata, it has a population of Template:PH wikidata people.Template:PH census

It is the regional center of Central Luzon and located Template:Convert north of Manila, Template:Convert east of Subic in Zambales, Template:Convert south of Tarlac City in Tarlac, and Template:Convert south of Clark Air Base in Angeles.

The city is named after King Ferdinand VI of Spain and placed under the patronage of Saint Ferdinand III of Castile and León, whose feast is celebrated every 30 May. Popularly known as the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines", the city holds the annual Giant Lantern Festival every December where large parol are displayed in competition. CNN has hailed the city as 'Asia's Christmas capital.'[1]


The town of San Fernando was founded in 1754 from the towns of Bacolor and Mexico. The first church was built in 1755 with wooden walls and nipa roofing. The municipal tribunal was erected later in the year in front of the town plaza using durable materials and thatched nipa roofing. Don Vidal de Arrozal served as its first gobernadorcillo that year.[2]

In 1796, after serving as gobernadorcillo the previous year, Don Ángel Pantaleon de Miranda retired to Barrio Saguin, from where he started setting up his hacienda in Barrio Culiat. The barrio was separated from San Fernando on the December 8, 1829 as the new town of Angeles, with the Los Santos Ángeles Custodios as titular patrons.

An expediente requesting the transfer of the provincial capital of Pampanga to San Fernando was signed on the August 6, 1852. Real Cedula 745, approving the transfer of the provincial capital of Pampanga from Bacolor to San Fernando, was signed on September 11, 1881. This transfer did not, in the event, materialize.

In 1878, actions were made to create the town of Calulut. This new town would be composed of Calulut and the neighboring barrios of Bulaun, Malpitic, Sindalan, La Paz, Lara, Saguin, Telabastagan, Balete, Malinao, Pulung Bulu, Panipuan, Macabacle and the caserio of Pau in San Fernando, and Panipuan, Acle, Suclaban and the sitio of Gandus in Mexico. This plan did not materialize, owing to strong opposition from the parish priest of San Fernando.

Governor-General Eulogio Despujol and Manila Archbishop Bernardino Nozaleda inaugurated the San Fernando railroad station, together with the Bagbag-Mabalacat stretch of the Manila-Dagupan Railroad, on February 2, 1892. The station was second only to Manila in revenues that year, and was thus the most important provincial station of the Manila-Dagupan Railroad. On June 27 of the same year, José P. Rizal made a stopover in the town as part of his mission to recruit members to the La Liga Filipina.

On September 1, 1896 the town was declared to be in a state of war despite its peaceful situation. Brigadier General Diego de los Rios arrived on December 2 to calm the revolution that started in Manila on August 30. General Ruiz Serralde took over Rios's post on June 26, 1897 to maintain the peace in San Fernando. The revolution was not yet at its height with occasional exchanges of fire in some places in Pampanga.

On June 26, 1898, representatives from all Pampanga towns, except Macabebe, gathered in San Fernando to swear allegiance to Gen. Maximino Hizon, who was the provincial military governor and representative of the revolutionary president, Emilio Aguinaldo. On October 9, Aguinaldo and his cabinet visited the town, and were welcomed with so much applause and enthusiastic cheering from the public. He proceeded to the convento which was served as the military headquarters at that time.

On May 4, 1899, Philippine revolutionary troops led by General Antonio Luna burned the casa municipal, the town church and several houses to render them useless to the approaching American forces. On June 16, due to the strategic location of the town, Aguinaldo himself led Filipino forces in the Battle for San Fernando. The plan to retake the town proved unsuccessful. Calulut fell to the Americans on August 9.

On August 15, 1904, the Pampanga provincial government was finally transferred to San Fernando from Bacolor, by virtue of Act No. 1204 signed on July 22, 1904. This was during the term of Governor Macario Arnedo and Municipal President Juan Sengson. The town of Minalin became part of San Fernando that same year. It would regain its political independence in 1909.

On January 2, 1905, the town of Santo Tomas was consolidated with San Fernando by virtue of Act 1208.

On August 12, 1904, U.S. Secretary of War William H. Taft visited the town to get first-hand information and gather ideas for the governance of Pampanga. Owing to the short notice, a bamboo pavilion was hastily constructed for his visit, where he was welcomed with a banquet for 200 people. Taft would later be elected President of the United States.

In 1921, the Pampanga Sugar Development Company (PASUDECO) sugar central began its operations. The company was formed in 1918 by large-scale planters such as José de León, Augusto Gonzales, Francisco Tongio Liongson, Tomás Lazatin, Tomás Consunji, Francisco Hizon, José Henson, and Manuel Urquico in the San Fernando residence of Governor Honorio Ventura as part of a plan to construct a locally financed central.

In 1932, the Socialist Party of the Philippines was founded by Pedro Abad Santos. Two years later, he created and headed the Aguman Ding Madlang Talapagobra (AMT). The Abad Santos compound in Barangay San Jose became the focal point of the peasant movement.

On February 14, 1939, Philippine president Manuel L. Quezon proclaimed his social justice program before a gathering of farmers in front of the Municipal Government building.

In 1941, forces of the Imperial Japanese Army occupied the town and placed the municipal government under its supervision. The following year, thousands of Filipino and American prisoners of war walked from Bataan to the San Fernando Train Station in what will be known as the Bataan Death March.

In 1952, the town of Santo Tomas was separated from San Fernando.

In 1986, Paterno Guevarra was sworn in as officer-in-charge of the town after the successful People Power Revolution that toppled the Marcos dictatorship that same year. He was later elected municipal mayor.

In 1990, Philippine president Corazon C. Aquino inaugurated the Paskuhan Village, the first Christmas village in Asia and the third of its kind in the world. The following year, Mount Pinatubo erupted after over 600 years of dormancy hurling a layer of ash and volcanic debris on the town.

On October 1, 1995, Typhoon Sibyl (Mameng) struck the town. It unleashed floodwaters and mudflows from Mount Pinatubo into the town. The Barangays of Santo Nino, San Juan, San Pedro Cutud and Magliman were severely damaged by lahar. The citizens of San Fernando rallied to save the town by raising funds to build the St. Ferdinand People's Dike. The Pampanga Megadike was constructed the following year, thus preventing further damage to the town.[3][4]


Jose Abad Santos Avenue

On January 6, 1997, Mayor Rey B. Aquino and Senator Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo launched the campaign for cityhood. On April 27 of that same year, Rep. Oscar Rodriguez filed House Bill No. 9267 creating the City of San Fernando.

In 2000, House Speaker Arnulfo Fuentebella and Senate President Aquilino Pimentel Jr. signed the approved city charter of San Fernando on December 4 and 13 respectively.

The town officially became a component city on February 4, 2001 following the ratification of Republic Act 8990 in a plebiscite from the previous day, making it the 99th city in the Philippines. Rey Aquino was the city's first mayor.


The City of San Fernando is politically subdivided into 35 barangays. Template:Columns-list


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Nuestro Señor de la Pacencia Chapel, part of the local barangay hall

The Roman Catholicism is the majority religion in the city; 80% of the population profess it. The city is under the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Fernando headed by Florentino Lavarias. Other religion includes Protestantism and Independent Christianity. Islam is also evident in the city. The seat of the Archdiocese of San Fernando is located in the city, the Metropolitan Cathedral of San Fernando.


Being at the heart of the province, the city of San Fernando is home to 2 public markets, 39 banks, 48 lending institutions (investors), 38 pawnshops, 17 gasoline stations, 3cinemas, 39 public and private schools, 7 hospitals, 13 dental offices, 9 hotels, 28 drug stores, 7 discos, 6 foreign exchange firms, 15 garment factories, 24 groceries, 7 supermarkets, 42 insurance companies, 16 security agencies and 70 restaurants. As the provincial capital of Pampanga, San Fernando also hosts regional offices of major Philippine government offices.[5] SM City Pampanga, the first SM mall in Central Luzon, is a large shopping mall owned by SM Supermalls. SM also has two other malls: SM City San Fernando Downtown, along Consunji Street in the downtown; and SM City Telabastagan, along MacArthur Highway in barangay Telabastagan.[6] Robinsons Starmills Pampanga or Robinsons Starmills, is a shopping mall owned and operated by Robinsons Malls, the second-largest mall operator in the Philippines. This is the first Robinsons mall in Central Luzon and in Pampanga, and it rivals SM City Pampanga. The mall is along Jose Abad Santos Avenue, at the boundary of San Fernando with the municipality of Mexico, and has a total floor area of Template:Convert.


San Fernando serves as one of the agricultural processing centers of Central Luzon. It is a major rice-producing region and an important sugar-producing area. The Pampanga Sugar Development Company (PASUDECO) was once the largest private employer in Pampanga. It is a major sugar-processing plant in the region. Other manufacturing companies with offices in the city include Universal Robina, Zuellig Pharma, Nestlé Philippines, Petrophil, Mondragon Industries, Asia Brewery, and Del Monte Corporation. Major food and beverage companies such as San Miguel Corporation, Coca-Cola, Pepsi Cola, and Pampanga's Best, have factories in the city.

Every year during Christmas season, the city becomes the center of production of hand-made parols, which is different from the usual ones for its intricate designs and the illusion of dancing lights, emphasizing the lanterns' vibrant colors. Also, every year around Christmas time is the Giant Parol Festival, where barangays of San Fernando come together for a friendly competition to see which lanterns are the best. The festival itself is held in the middle of December, and is originally held in the town of Bacolor until it was transferred to the city in August 1904, in an event called the Ligligan Parol in the Kapampangan language, which many believe to have never happened in that year. Following the formal transfer of the festival to the city in 1908, the Giant Parol Festival went on to be a tradition that has evolved with lanterns becoming larger and larger and the designs more intricate. Since then, it became a symbol of the city's unity and the resident's labor.[7]


Festivals and local events

Date Name
January 31 Pedro Abad Santos Day
February 4 Cityhood Anniversary
Good Friday San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites
May 7 José Abad Santos Day
First Saturday of May El Circulo Fernandino
May 30 San Fernando City Fiesta
September 10 San Fernando Women's Day
Around October to November San Fernando Frog Festival (Kapampangan: Piestang Tugac)
Around November to December Sinukwan Festival
December 11 Pampanga Day (Kapampangan: Aldo ning Kapampangan)
December to First Week of January Giant Lantern Festival (Kapampangan: Liligan Parul)

Places of interest

Monumento Fernandino
The monument tells the fourfold aspect of the Fernandino story: a) the penitent girl with lantern, b) the lady with torch, c) the lady making the offering and d) the boatman. The February 4, 2004 (dedicated by Mayor Rey B. Aquino) Monumento Fernandino is a sculptural masterpiece that pays tribute to the city's colorful history and cultural heritage. Its artistic composition when seen from a distance would seem like a sprouting plant amidst a barren landscape.[8]
WOW Philippines Hilaga
Formerly known as Paskuhan Village, located near the San Fernando exit of North Luzon Expressway (NLEX), WOW Philippines Hilaga was transformed into a cultural, historical, tourism, trade, and entertainment village by former Secretary Richard J. Gordon in 2003. Its design and concept make it a virtual window to the cultural and historical heritage of the four regions of the North Philippines as well as a showcase for their indigenous products, and arts and crafts. The star-shaped pavilions at the center pays tribute to the skilled lantern makers of San Fernando, Pampanga which produces the biggest lanterns in the world. The complex features a 1,000-seat capacity air-conditioned pavilion for conventions and special events, an open-air amphitheater for outdoor activities, air-conditioned exhibit halls, trade booths, garden restos and a 60-seat capacity conference hall.
Pampanga Eye
Located in Sky Ranch Pampanga beside SM City Pampanga, this Ferris wheel is the tallest in the country with a height of Template:Convert height and a diameter of Template:Convert.
Bren Z. Guiao Sports Complex and Convention Center
Bren Z. Guiao Sports Complex and Convention Center
It is a multi-purpose complex with imposing venues for concerts, convention, basketball games, beauty pageants and other sport activities. The 3,000-seat, air-conditioned convention center inside the complex is one of Pampanga's pride.
Archdiocesan Museum and Archives
It is housed at the University of the Assumption, and includes antiques and exquisite works of art depicting Pampanga's rich cultural heritage. It contains numerous ecclesiastical artifacts ranging from a huge churchbell to paintings; ivory and wooden statues of all shapes and sizes, vestments worn by priests during Mass and chalices, monstrances, reliquaries and ciboriums made of gold, silver and precious gems, some dating back to the 17th century.
Everybody's Cafe
As the province of Pampanga is regarded as the "Culinary Capital of the Philippines", the capital city of San Fernando is home to one of the oldest restaurants in the province - Everybody's Cafe. Located along McArthur Highway in Barangay Del Pilar, this iconic restaurant was built in 1946 by the Jorolan Family and is famous for exotic Kapampangan dishes such as betute (stuffed frogs), kamaru (crickets) and Pindang Damulag (carabao meat). Everybody's Cafe has been featured in international TV shows such as Discovery Travel and Living's Bizarre Foods by Andrew Zimmern and Bobby Chin's World Cafe Asia.[9]

San Fernando Heritage District

The San Fernando Heritage District covers the historic core of San Fernando, including barangay Santo Rosario and parts of barangays San Jose (Panlumacan), Santa Teresita (Baritan), Lourdes (Teopaco), Del Pilar, Santa Lucia and Santo Niño. These important sites are broken down under Heritage Houses, Historic Government Buildings, Schools, and Hospitals, and Historic Industrial Structures and Sites[10]

Churches and other religious structures:

Heritage houses:

Hizon-Singian House
Lazatin House

Historic government buildings, schools, and hospitals:

Industrial heritage:

PASUDECO Sugar Central
  • San Fernando Train Station (Barangay Santo Niño)
  • PASUDECO Sugar Central (Capitol Boulevard, Barangay Santo Niño)
  • PASUDECO Staff Houses and Commissary (Capitol Boulevard, Barangay Santo Niño)
  • San Fernando Water Reservoir (Barangay Lourdes)
  • The Sugar Pugons (Greenville Subdivision and Barangay Quebiawan)
  • Calulut Train Station (Barangay Calulut) – heavily damaged by informal settlers
  • Baluyut Bridge (Gen. Hizon Avenue, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • The Arcaded Shop Buildings of Consunji Street - 1950s (Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Lantern Factories - Several lantern factories can be visited in Unisite Subdivision, Barangay Del Pilar, as well as in Barangays Santa Lucia, San Jose and Dolores.


This is the list of the mayors of City of San Fernando.[3]

Capitanes Municipales Term
Vidal de Arrozal 1755
Tiburcio Cunanan 1756
Vidal de Arrozal 1757
Luis Catacutan 1758
Juan David 1759
Juan Yutuc 1760
Domingo de Vera 1761
Nicolas Capati 1762
Tomas Aquino 1763
Miguel de los Angeles 1764
Agustin Dizon 1765
Manuel Manaloto 1766
Francisco Bautista 1767
Miguel David 1768
Nicolas Dizon 1769
Mariano Singian de Miranda 1770
Mateo David 1771
Bernardo de Anunciacion 1772
Francisco David 1773
Agapito Singian 1774
Vicente Concepcion 1775
Eugenio Yutuc 1776
Juan Lingat 1777
Juan Lacson 1778
Vicente Concepcion 1779
Jose de Arrozal 1780
Nicolas Tuason 1781
Carlos Catacutan 1782
Vicente David 1783
Lucas David 1784
Antonio Alonso del Rosario 1785
Regino de Castro 1786
Sebastian Manarang 1787
Bernabe Pamintuan 1788
Juan Dizon 1789
Manuel Miranda 1790
Vicente Dayrit 1791
Nicolas Tuason 1792
Jose de los Angeles 1793
Vicente Quizon 1794
Angel Pantaleon de Miranda 1795
Vicente Dayrit 1796
Jose Cunanan 1797
Juan Lacson 1798
Carlos Catacutan 1799
Vicente Dizon 1800
Jose Ocson 1801
Agustin David Lising 1802
Jose Concepcion 1803
Raymundo David 1804
Ignacio David de Miranda 1805
Severino Henson 1806
Juan Crisostomo Paras 1807
Domingo Henson 1808
Leon de Vera 1809
Vicente de Castro 1810
Gregorio Singian 1811
Ignacio de Miranda 1812
Miguel Catacutan 1813
Francisco Pamintuan 1814
Severino Henson 1815
Agustin David Lising 1816
Bernardo David 1817
Bernardo Tinio 1818
Eriberto Yutuc 1819
Vicente de Castro 1820
Alcaldes Municipales Term
Vicente Dizon 1821
Pablo de Ocampo 1822
Maximo Dizon 1823
Ciriaco Dizon 1824
Gobernadorcillos Term
Vicente Dizon 1825
Manuel Pasion Henson 1826
Anacleto del Rosario 1827
Vicente David Lising 1828
Vicente Dizon 1829
Pablo Ocampo 1830
Doroteo Dizon 1831
Mariano Yutuc 1832
Manuel Pasion Henson 1833
Gregorio Tuason 1834
Blas Borja 1835
Doroteo Dizon 1836
Agustin Pamintuan 1837
Agustin Cuyugan 1838
Juan Dayrit 1839
Raymundo David 1840
Macario Yutuc 1841
Matias Quiason 1842
Pedro Lacsamana 1843
Bernardino Singian de Miranda 1844
Serapio Singian de Miranda 1845
Mariano Arceo 1846
Agustin Cuyugan 1847
Guillermo Henson 1848
Bernardino Singian de Miranda 1849
Agustin Pamintuan 1850
Gregorio David 1851
Maximo Feliciano 1852
Paulino Paras 1853–1854
Agustin Lacson 1854–1855
Simon Henson 1855–1856
Cosme Lacson 1856–1857
Candido Froilan Dizon 1857–1858
Florentino Dayrit 1858–1859
Manuel Pasion Henson 1859
Jose Navarro (accidental) 1859
Victor David 1860
Manuel de Ocampo 1860–1861
Bernardino Singian de Miranda 1861–1862
Guillermo Henson 1862–1863
Aniceto Yusi 1863–1864
Simon Henson 1864–1865
Juan Quiason 1865–1866
Julian Buison 1867–1868
Benigno de Ocampo 1868–1869
Isidro Teopaco 1869–1870
Domiciano Tison 1870–1871
Florentino Dayrit 1871–1872
Eustaquio Ricafort 1872–1873
Pedro Paras y Castro 1873–1874
Bernardino Singian de Miranda 1874–1875
Julian Buison 1875–1876
Anacleto Hizon 1877–1879
Catalino Henson 1879–1880
Mariano Custodio 1880–1881
Saturnino Henson 1881–1882
Florentino Dayrit 1882–1883
Pedro Paras 1883
Domiciano Tison 1884–1885
Francisco X. Panlilio 1885
Anacleto Hizon 1886–1887
Teodoro Limjuco 1887–1889
Gregorio Tioleco 1889–1890
Presidentes Municipales Term
Antonio E. Consunji 1891–1892
Juan Sengson 1893–1894
Teodoro Limjuco 1895
Celso Dayrit (accidental) 1897
Republika Filipina
Presidente Municipal Term
Antonio E. Consunji 1898
Military Government
Alcaldes Term
Enrique Kerr 1899
Carlos Kerr 1900
Teodoro Limjuco 1900
Francisco S. Hizon 1900–1901
Civil Government
Municipal Presidents Term
Francisco S. Hizon 1901
Mariano J. Leon Santos 1902–1903
Juan Sengson 1904
Eulalio Castro 1905–1906
Vicente Tiomico 1906–1907
Pedro Teopaco 1908–1909
Clemente Ocampo 1910–1912
Unknown 1913–1915
Antonio B. Abad Santos 1916–1921
Jose M. Valencia 1922–1927
Antonio B. Abad Santos 1928–1931
Jose M. Valencia 1932–1934
Philippine Commonwealth
Municipal Mayors Term
Urbano D. Dizon 1934–1937
Vivencio B. Cuyugan 1938–1942
Vivencio B. Cuyugan 1945
Japanese Occupation
Municipal Mayor Term
Rodolfo P. Hizon 1942–1945
Republic of the Philippines
Municipal Mayors Term
Rodolfo P. Hizon 1946–1955
Mariano P. Castro, Sr. 1955
Miguel G. Baluyut 1956–1959
Jose C. Quiwa 1960–1967
Levi Panlilio 1967–1969
Virgilio L. Sanchez 1969–1971
Luis Gopiao 1971
Armando P. Biliwang 1972–1980
Amante S. Bueno 1980–1982
Vicente A. Macalino 1982–1983
Virgilio L. Sanchez 1983–1986
Paterno S. Guevarra (appointed) 1986–1987
Rodolfo P. Canlas (appointed) 1987–1988
Paterno S. Guevarra 1988–1995
Jesus Reynaldo B. Aquino 1995–2001
City Mayors Term
Jesus Reynaldo B. Aquino 2001–2004
Oscar Samson Rodriguez 2004–2013
Edwin D. Santiago 2013-


Colleges and universities


Vocational / Technical Schools

  • TESDA PEO Training Center
  • La Plata Science and Technology, Inc.
  • Lorraine Computer & Technical School
  • NorthPoint Academy for Culinary Arts - premiere culinary school in Pampanga
  • Emmanual John Institute Of Science and Technology

Secondary Schools



The City of San Fernando has four TV stations - KTV Channel 12, Infomax Channel 8, Central Luzon Television Channel 36 (CLTV36) and ABS-CBN TV-46 Pampanga. There are also two radio stations, the 5 Kilowatt RW 95.1 FM of the RadioWorld Broadcasting Corporation of the Philippines and the 2.5 kilowatt 92.7 Brigada News FM Central Luzon of the Brigada Mass Media Corporation.

Several local newspapers are published in the city which includes SunStar Pampanga, The Probe, Coffee Punch, Pampanga Times and the Observer.[11]

Notable Fernandinos

  • Amando G. Dayrit, a renowned pre-war newspaper columnist
  • Brillante Mendoza, award-winning film director
  • Conrado Dayrit,[12] a cardiologist, virgin coconut oil proponent and President of the National Academy of Science and Technology (1992–1999)
  • Fernando H. Ocampo, a founder of the UST College of Architecture and Fine Arts
  • José Abad Santos, a former Chief Justice (featured in PHP1000 bill)
  • Nicolasa Dayrit, a revolutionary hero
  • Pedro Abad Santos, a former assemblyman and founder of the Socialist Party
  • Ruben Enaje, notable Filipino man made famous from crucifying himself in the name of God every year since 1985
  • Sotero J. Baluyut,[13] a former senator and cabinet secretary
  • Vivencio Cuyugan, first Socialist mayor in the Philippines
  • Oscar Albayalde, Police officer who serves as the 22nd chief of the Philippine National Police.
  • Honesto Ongtioco, first Bishop of the Diocese of Cubao, Quezon City and formerly the second Bishop of the Diocese of Balanga, Bataan.

Sister Cities


External links

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