Cibotium barometz (Linn.) J. Sm.

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Cibotium barometz

Scientific name: Cibotium barometz (Linn.) J. Sm.
Common name: Borabor (Ilk.); borabor ta paku (Ilk.); sabong ti borabor (Ilk.); salagisog (Bik.); tinampa (Ig.); chain fern (Engl.)

Taxonomy:
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Cyatheales
Family: Cibotiaceae
Genus: Cibotium Kaulf.
Species: Cibotium barometz (L.) J.Sm.

Description: The stipes of this large fern are a meter or more tall and are covered with dense yellow hairs at the base. The fronds are a meter or two long, hardly tripinnate, and glaucous beneath. The 30 to 60 centimeters long pinnae are ovate-lanceolate, while the pinnules are linear-lanceolate. There are 2 to 12 sori, rarely 1 on each side of the segment. The indusium is brownish.
Habitat: It can be seen in valleys, edges of the forest, along stream-banks in the lowlands, wet mountainous ravines in tropical and sub-tropical zones. It is well adapted to warm and humid conditions. It thrives on red-brown ferralitic and acid soils but can tolerate marginally alkaline soils.
Distribution: It is distributed in the mountains from Luzon to Mindanao. It also extends from Assam across Malaya.
Economic importance/Medicinal value: The long hairs from the rhizomes are used as a styptic for coagulating the blood to stop capillary hemorrhages. In the Philippines, the rhizomes are used as topicals for wounds and ulcers.

In Chinese medicine, the drug is considered strengthening to the spine, antirheumatic and stimulating to the liver, kidneys, and male generative organs. It is also recommended as an old man’s remedy. It is also believed to have general tonic properties. The rhizome starch is also used for making cakes and liquor in China.

In Europe, the hairy filaments from the stipes are used as haemostatic in wounds.

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