Central Mindanao was a region of the Philippines, located in central Mindanao, and was officially designated as Region XII.
Prior to the creation of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, these provinces comprised the region:
- Lanao del Norte
- Lanao del Sur
- North Cotabato
- Sultan Kudarat
With the creation of ARMM, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao were removed from the region, leaving Lanao del Norte, North Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat as constituent provinces.
With the addition of South Cotabato and Sarangani, the region was renamed as SOCCSKSARGEN and Central Mindanao as a political entity ceased to exist, although the "Central Mindanao" name lives on as a description to the provinces populated by Muslim Filipinos.