Carlos P. Romulo
Carlos Peña Romulo was a known Filipino author, soldier, university president and diplomat. He was the only Filipino journalist who won the Pulitzer Prize. He was also the first Asian who served as president of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly. He was also credited to be America's most trusted Asian spokesman.
Early life and education
He was born on January 14, 1899 in Intramuros, Manila. His father, Gregorio, was a Filipino guerrilla fighter of the Philippine revolutionary government under Emilio Aguinaldo during the Filipino-American War. Romulo said that he had witnessed his grandfather being tortured by water cure administered by American soldiers. Such experience left an impression on him and marked “the beginnings of a rebel” as he called it.
He finished elementary in Tarlac and entered the University of the Philippines where he earned a bachelor's degree in 1918. He also attained a master of arts from Columbia University in 1921. He returned to the country and worked as an English professor and chairman of the English department of the University of the Philippines from 1923 to 1928.
He served as editor-in-chief of TVT Publications in 1931 and publisher of editor of the Philippines Herald from 1933 to 1941. He served as secretary to then Senate president Manuel Quezon from 1922 to 1925 and as member of the Philippine Independence Mission before he was appointed University of the Philippines regent in 1929.
He served as aide-de-camp to General Douglas MacArthur. After a tour of the Far East, he wrote a series of articles about Japanese imperialism and predicted an attack on the United States. These and articles on Southeast Asian political situation gave him the opportunity to be awarded the coveted Pulitzer Prize in Journalism for Distinguished Correspondence.
He served as the secretary of foreign affairs from 1950 to 1951. On 1952, he served as Philippine ambassador to the United States.
- I Saw the Fall of the Philippines, 1942
- Mother America, 1943
- My Brother Americans, 1945
- I See the Philippines Rise, 1946
- The United, novel, 1951
- Crusade in Asia, 1955
- The Meaning of Bandung; The Magsaysay Story, 1956, with Marvin M. Gray
- Friend to Friend, 1958, with Pearl S. Buck
- Walked with Heroes, autobiography, 1961
- Mission to Asia: The Dialogue Begins, 1964
- Contemporary Nationalism and World Order; Identity and Change: Towards a National Definition, 1965
- Evasions and Response, 1966
- The University and the External Aid
- Clarifying the Asian Mystique
- In the Mainstream of Diplomacy
- Forty Years: A Third World Soldier at the UN
- The Philippine Presidents
Awards and recognition
- Pulitzer Prize, 1942
- First Annual Gold Medal Award, World Government News, 1947
- International Benjamin Franklin Society's Gold Medal, 1947 and 1948
- Golden Heart Presidential Award, 1954
- Hellenic University Club of Philadelphia Award, for his book Crusade in Asia, 1955
- Republic Cultural Heritage Award, 1965
- Rizal Pro Patia Award, 1971
- World Peace Award from World Federalists Association of New York, 1976
- National Artist of the Philippines Award for Literature, 1984
- “Carlos P. Romulo”. National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Accessed on February 21, 2011
- “Biography”.General Carlos P. Romulo.Accessed on February 21, 2011
- “Carlos P. Romulo”.Answers.com.Accessed on February 21, 2011
- “Carlos P. Romulo Biography”.BookRags.Accessed on February 21, 2011
- General Carlos P. Romulo Official Site. General Carlos P. Romulo.Accessed on February 21, 2011