Cabadbaran City

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Template:PH wikidata, officially the Template:PH wikidata (Template:Lang-ceb), is a Template:PH wikidata [[Cities of the Philippines#Legal classification|Template:PH wikidata]] and capital of the province of Template:PH wikidata, Template:PH wikidata. According to the Template:PH wikidata, it has a population of Template:PH wikidata people.Template:PH census

Founded in 1894, the city rose from its Spanish period beginnings to become the premier town of Agusan del Norte. Its rich cultural heritage is evident in its preserved colonial period houses and its archaeological collections.

On August 16, 2000, the seat of provincial government was transferred from Butuan to Cabadbaran through Republic Act 8811,[1] although the provincial government still holds office in Butuan City, pending the actual transfer of provincial offices to the new capital. Cabadbaran was officially declared a city in 2007.

History

Spanish period

Traces of 12th century villages can be found near the waterways that pass through the territory of Cabadbaran. No records are found before the Spanish colonization except for a site in Sanghan where Chinese ceramics from 15th to 16th century were found.

Cabadbaran was first mentioned by the Spanish as a small village chosen by the Spanish authorities to be turned into a reduction called "La Reunion de Cabarbaran" in 1867. The reduction was mostly populated by people from Southern Agusan. Then in 1879, the reduction was disbanded. The inhabitants of the reduction went back to their places of origin while the remaining migrated to Tubay.

In 1880–1881, the reduction was revived by Father Saturnino Urios, but was named Tolosa to honor Father Urios' hometown in Spain. In 1880, Tolosa was headed by the Teniente del Barrio Don Eduardo Curato. He petitioned to the Spanish authorities for the township application of Tolosa to be approved. On January 31, 1894, the petition was approved. The population and the economy grew, which was driven by agriculture and commerce. But the growth suddenly came to a halt when the revolution against Spain started. No significant turmoil affected the city until the coming of the American forces in 1901.[2]

American period

When the Americans arrived, Spanish forces were forced to surrender. Included with them was Capt. Andres Atega. Under the Americans, the town was called again as Cabadbaran (according to Don Andres Atega's proposal).

In 1903, the public education system was established with George Bohner as the first American teacher. Public health also improved when Dr. Pedro Malbas was appointed as the Public Health Officer in the 1920s and constructed sanitary toilets, deep wells and drainage canals. Public infrastructure was also improved by the Americans.

Then in the 1935 Constitutional Convention, Apolonio "Oyok" Curato, a lawyer, represented Agusan. He then became the Governor and Congressman of the province of Agusan.

The local economy grew when it started producing abaca from coconut plantations established by the Americans. Rice was also grown and remained as staple crop grown in the fields up to this day. The Agusan-Surigao road opened in the 1930s and several bus lines started public service along this route.[2]

World War II

Cabadbaran had been occupied at one time by those resisting the Japanese occupation of Mindanao.[3] Eventually the Japanese occupied it. On January 17, 1945, combined American and Filipino troops including recognized guerrillas fought a force of Japanese troops on the road between Cabadbaran and Butuan. The Japanese were in the process of reinforcing their garrison at Butuan. The guerrillas retreated when Japanese reinforcements arrived. The guerrillas also had depleted their ammunition.[4]

On March 31, 1945, Major Juan Rivera and a guerrilla detachment attacked the Japanese at Cabadbaran; the Japanese abandoned the post after an hour-long battle.[5]

The general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary was active on 1945 to 1946 in Cabadbaran during and aftermath of World War II.

Cityhood

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Geography

Cabadbaran lies 9 degrees north latitude and 125 degrees and 30 minutes east longitude in the northeastern part of Mindanao. Its boundaries are Tubay and Santiago to the north, Butuan Bay to the west, Magallanes and R. T. Romualdez to the south, and Sibagat, Agusan del Sur to the east. It is Template:Convert from Butuan. It is generally flat with rolling hills and swamplands in its western part. The highest of all mountains in the Caraga region, Mount Hilong-Hilong (with an altitude of Template:Convert above sea level), rises in this city.

Climate

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The city belongs to the Second Climatic Type of the Corona Classification. No definite dry season in the place and maximum rainfall occurs from October to January. The average rainfall is Template:Convert per month, average annual temperature Template:Convert. Template:Clear-left

Barangays

Cabadbaran is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.Template:PSGC detail Template:Stack

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Demographics

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Language

The entirety of Cabadbaran speaks Cebuano. There are also significant number of people who speak Surigaonon, for these people have lived or have ancestries from the northern municipalities and speak in a variety of the Jabonganon, Mainitnon and Gigaquitnon dialects of the Surigaonon language. Hiligaynon, Waray, Manobo languages, Butuanon, Boholano dialect, and Maranao have also less significant speakers in the area while English and Filipino are also widely used spoken. Template:Clear-left

Economy

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The Baug Carp Beneficiaries Multi-Purpose Cooperative (BCBMPC) Cabadbaran Branch

Cabadbaran produces several agricultural crops such as rice, corn, coconut, abaca, banana, and mango. The city has the biggest area planted with coconuts in Agusan del Norte with 18.46% of the total land area planted with the crop.

The Cabadbaran also has a booming economy based on agro industry, commerce and trade, source of several export and industrial products; it has also varied ecotourism destinations ranging from Caraga's highest peak, mile long tunnels to adventure tourism sites. Template:Clear-left

Tourism

Like the popular destinations situated on neighboring provinces, Cabadbaran experiences a growing ecotourism industry. Annual climbs to reach Caraga's highest peak Mt. Hilong-Hilong (2,012 meters above sea level) has been organized by trekkers and mountaineers, there are also organized climbs to Mt. Mas-ai, a plateau located in Putting Bato which has a mountain top lake. Locals have also put up white water tubing adventures along Cabadbaran River including rappelling at some of the steep falls located at the foot of Mt. Hilong-hilong. Mt. Pongkay, which is a hill that can be seen from the city proper, can be a great destination for families who wants to experience the value of the Holy Week's penance and devotion. It is also a destination for mountain climbers and for those people who wants to see the panoramic view of Agusan del Norte and Butuan Bay.

Cabadbaran also has cheap inland pools by local residents that is an alternative to inland resorts. Many of these pools have sprouted through the years because of Cabadbaran's abundant fresh water which the city is known for. The city is also a beach destination for people from neighboring municipalities because of its crystal clear water and gray sandy beaches. The city has multiple hotels as well like Loreta's, Gazebo, and Casa Alburo.

Although Cabadbaran does not yet have any mainstream fast food restaurants, the city has various restaurants that offers Filipino, Japanese, and Chinese cuisine, an alternative to people who wants to have their fine dining locally than in the neighboring Butuan City.

Festivals and celebrations

Dagkot Festival
  • Charter Day Celebration - held annually every July 28 to commemorate the cityhood of Cabadbaran.
  • Dagkot Festival - It is the sole important event during the fiesta celebration of Cabadbaran City. The weeklong festivity features socio-civic activities, sporting events, trade fairs and capped by a grand street dancing parade and competition to celebrate the historic past and the bright future that awaits the city also in honor of Nuestra Seniora de Candelaria.
  • Musikainan Food and Music Festival - It is a celebrational tribute to the city's "culture and history as well as the local's cooking tradition".[6]

Government

Cabadbaran City Hall

Provincial Seat of Government

After the Provincial Government of Agusan del Norte attain the reclassification of their land conducted by the Dept. of Agriculture (DA) in Barangay Sanghan, Cabadbaran City where the new Capitol building will be constructed, the land conversion by the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) will soon follow. It will feature a modern design, including an employees village at the back of the new building intended for the provincial employees.

List of mayors

The list of mayors that took office in Cabadbaran starting in 1896.[7]

Name Year of Term
Eduardo M. Curato* 1896-1902
Luis L. Cabrera 1904-1905
Mariano Alaan 1906-1908
Antonio C. Dagani 1908-1909
Adolfo C. Mortola 1910-1911
Fabian B. Monteroso 1912-1913
Angel M. Manlapaz 1917-1919
Saturnino D. Curato 1919-1924
Fidel C. Dagani 1925-1928
Fabian D. Mora 1928-1931;1938-1940
Jose Baylin 1932-1934
Servano S. Jongko 1935-1936
Regino J. Batitang 1936-1938
Felixberto Curato Dagani 1941-Early 1942;1963-1985
Pedro Mariveles Malbas[8] Early-Sept 1942
Virgilio Noja Atega Sr[8] Oct 1942-May 1943
Alejo P. Rabuya 1945-1951
Leonardo R. Corvera 1951
Teofilo D. Curato 1952-1959
Julio Carlon 1959-1960
Basilisa Atega-Kittilstvedt 1960-1963
Bienvenido C. Milan 1963
Alan M. Famador 1985-1986
Abelardo M. Carloto 1986-1992
Ernie M. Ceniza 1987
Rosario M. Amante 1992-2001
Herman M. Libarnes 2001-2007
Dale B. Covera** 2007-2016
Katrina Marie O. Mortola 2016–2019
Judy Amante 2019–present
*The first municipal mayor.

**The first city mayor.

Transportation

By land

Cabadbaran City is accessible by bus from Bachelor Express, Davao Metro Shuttle, or Surigao Bus via Butuan-Surigao routes or vice versa. There are also vans, jeep and multi-cabs that have routes towards both Surigao City and Butuan City which are stationed in the City Transport Terminal.

By air and sea

Currently the city has no sea and airports. Cabadbaran can be reached by air from Manila and Cebu via Butuan City which is 30 kilometers away. From the Visayas, it can be accessed via the Nasipit Municipal Port in Nasipit, Agusan del Norte (60 km) or via the Lipata Port and Verano International Port both in Surigao City (79 km) through the Maharlika Highway

Education

There are the list of the different schools within the city of Cabadbaran.[9][10]

Public elementary schools

  • Alfonso B. Dagani Elementary School
  • Ansili Elementary School
  • Antonio C. Dagani Elementary School
  • Antonio Luna Elementary School
  • Bay-ang Elementary School
  • Bayabas Elementary School
  • Caasinan Elementary School
  • Cabadbaran South Central Elementary School
  • Cabinet Elementary School
  • Calamba Elementary School
  • Calibunan Elementary School
  • Comagascas Elementary School
  • Concepcion Elementary School
  • Dagnasay Elementary School
  • Del Pilar Central Elementary School
  • Francisco C. Jongko Elementary School
  • Katugasan Elementary School
  • La Union Elementary School
  • Lusong Elementary School
  • Masundong Elementary School
  • North Cabadbaran Central Elementary School
  • Palidan Elementary School
  • Pirada Elementary School
  • Puting Bato Elementary School
  • Soriano Elementary School

Secondary education

Public secondary and senior high schools:

  • Cabadbaran City National High School
  • Calamba National High School
  • Del Pilar National High School
  • Fransisco C. Jongko National High School
  • La Union National High School
  • La Union Senior High School (Stand Alone)
  • North Cabadbaran Central Elementary School Integrated School (Evening Opportunity High School)
  • Puting Bato National High School

Public integrated schools:

  • Chief Justice Ramon Avancena Integrated School
  • Mahaba Integrated School
  • Sanghan Integrated School

Private schools

  • Agape Christian Academy
  • Bishop Haden Institute, Inc.
  • Cabadbaran City Baptist Academy, Inc.
  • Candelaria Institute of Technology of Cabadbaran, Inc.
  • Mindanao Institute
  • Montessori de Cabadbaran
  • Northern Mindanao Colleges Inc.
  • Oaktree Christian Preschool Inc.
  • Rafael A. Mondejar Memorial College
  • Rainbow Speechworld Learning Center, Inc.
  • St. Aloysius Learning Center of Cabadbaran, Inc
  • Tolosa Christian School, Inc.
  • Trailblazer Study Center, Inc.
  • Zion Children's Day Care Center

Tertiary education

Private colleges:

  • Northern Mindanao Colleges Inc.
  • Candelaria Institute of Technology of Cabadbaran, Inc.
  • Rafael A. Mondejar Memorial College

Public university:

Notable people

Sister cities

References

External links

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