|Bienvenido L. Lumbera|
|Born||April 11, 1932|
Bienvenido Lumbera (11 April 1932-) is a noted poet, literary critic, scholar and librettist. He was proclaimed National Artist for Literature in April 2006. He was also the recipient of the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Journalism, Literature, and Creative Communications in 1993.
Early life and education
Lumbera was born on April 11, 1932 in Lipa, Batangas. When he was one year old, his father died of a fall from a fruit tree. When he was five his mother died of cancer. He was raised by his grandmother Eusebia Teru who, according to Lumbera, exercised a definitive influence on his life. When his grandmother died, he lived with his childless godparents Enrique and Amanda Lumbera.
Lumbera spent his high school years in Mabini Academy and went on to earn a degree in journalism at the University of Santo Tomas where he graduated in 1954. He took up masteral and doctoral studies in Indiana University, where he graduated with a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature in 1967. His doctoral dissertation Tagalog Poetry, 1570-1898: Tradition and Influences on its Development was eventually published by Ateneo University Press in 1986.
Lumbera introduced a new aesthetic to traditional Tagalog literature with what is known as Bagay Poetry. Lumbera taught literature and creative writing at Ateneo de Manila University, De La Salle University, University of the Philippines, and at the University of Santo Tomas. He was also appointed visiting professor in Osaka University from 1985 to 1988. He was also the first Asian scholar-in-residence at the University of Hawaii. With the declaration of Martial Law, he was arrested in January 1974. In December of that year, he was released from jail upon petitions of his former student Cynthia Nograles, whom he later married. In 1977 he became editor of Diliman Review, which was openly against the Marcos regime.
In 1993 he received the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Journalism, Literature, and Creative Communication. He was also awarded many literary awards, including the National Book Awards and the Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards.
In his own words
- "Napaka-importante sa manunulat na bukas ang kaniyang isipan sa pagpapayaman sa karanasang nasa kanya na...Hindi dapat simulan ng manunulat sa kanyang kaisipan ang pagkakakulong sa iisang ideya dahil magsisilbi itong hadlang sa tuluyang pagsulong ng kanyang paksain...."
- "sa panahon ng globalisasyon ng kultura, mahalagang isaisip ng mga mamamayan ng bansang tulad ng Filipinas -- munting bansang sakmal ng kultura ng malalaking bansa – mayroon silang sariling kultura at iyon ay dapat nilang pagyamanin. Kung hindi nila tutungkulin ang pagsasanggalang sa kulturang nagbibigay sa kanila ng identidad, walang pakundangang pagyurak sa kanilang ekonomiya at politika ang dadanasin ng bansa sa kamay ng mga ahensiyang internasyonal ng imperyalismong Amerikano."
- Likhang Dila, Likhang Diwa, 1993
- Balaybay, Mga Tulang Lunot at Manibalang, 2002
- Sa Sariling Bayan, Apat na Dulang May Musika, 2004
- "Agunyas sa Hacienda Luisita," Pakikiramay, 2004
- Tales of the Manuvu and Rama Hari
- A native clearing : Filipino poetry and verse from English since the 50's to the present.Quezon City : University of the Philippines Press, c1993.
- Retorikang Pilipino / Bienvenido Lumbrera, Virgilio Almario, Nicanor Tiongson.
Manila : Ateneo de Manila, 1971.
- Landasin sa panulaang tagalog. [Phonodisc].: Pamana ng Panitikang Pilipino, [19--].
- 33-1/3 LP narration by Bienvenido Lumbrera. Sound effects by Bobby Ortueste.
- Tagalog Poetry, 1570-1898: Tradition and Influences in its Development. Quezon City, Metro Manila : Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1986.
- Philippine Literature: A History and Anthology, Revaluation: Essays on Philippine Literature, Writing the Nation/Pag-akda ng Bansa. Metro Manila, Philippines : National Book Store, 1982.
- Writing the nation = Pag-akda ng bansa. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 2000.
- Anticipating Filipinas : reading Bienvenido Lumbera as critic
by Bienvenido Lumbera; Charlie S Veric. Manila, Philippines : UST Pub. House, 2006.
- Mula tore patungong palengke : neoliberal education in the Philippines
by Bienvenido Lumbera; Ramon Guillermo; Arnold P Alamon. Quezon City, Philippines : IBON Books, IBON Center, 2007.
- Philippine literature : a history and anthology by Bienvenido Lumbera; Cynthia Nograles Lumbera. Pasig City: Anvil, ©2005.
- Ramon Magsaysay Award for Journalism, Literature, and Creative Communication Arts, 1993
- Pambansang Gawad Pambansang Alagad ni Balagtas, Unyon ng mga Manunulat ng Pilipinas (UMPIL)
- National Book Awards from the Manila Critics' Circle
- Carlos Palanca Memorial Award for Literature
- Visiting Professorship, Osaka University of Foreign Studies
- Professor Emeritus, University of the Philippines
- Philippine Centennial Literary Prize for Drama
- Cultural Center of the Philippines Centennial Honors for the Arts
- 1st Asian scholar-in-residence at the University of Hawaii at Manoa
- "The Ramon Magsaysay Award for Journalism, Literature and Creative Communication Arts. http://rmaf.org.ph/Awardees/Citation/CitationLumberaBie.htm.
- "U.P. Institute of Creative Writing. UP. http://www.up.edu.ph/~icw/board.htm
- "Bienvenido L.Lumbera. http://www.panitikan.com.ph/nationalartistforliterature/blumera.htm.