Biak-na-Bato National Park
Biak-na-Bato National Park is a protected area in the Philippines located almost entirely within Barangay Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel, Bulacan, from which it derives its name. The park also extends to the nearby municipalities of San Ildefonso and Doña Remedios Trinidad, covering a total area of 2,117 hectares. It was declared a national park in 1937 by President Manuel Luis Quezon by virtue of its association with the history and site of the Biak-na-Bato Republic. The park consists of a cave network and a system of rivers and trails of both historical and ecological importance. Situated only 80 kilometers northeast of Manila, it is fast becoming a popular weekend eco-adventure destination for the city dwellers.
Topography and Ecology
Biak-na-Bato National Park is centered on a mountain gorge sliced by the Balaong River in the Sierra Madre mountain range. More than a hundred caves of varying sizes and crystalline mineral formations are spread across the park. Among the most explored caves are the Aguinaldo Cave, once the headquarters of President Emilio Aguinaldo, and the Bahay Paniki or Bat Cave, said to be home to at least six species of winged mammals: kabag-kabag, ngusong kabayo, bungisngis, sibsib, bayakan and pakibu. Nido birds or swiftlets also dwell in the park, as do monkeys, wild boars, monitor lizards, eagles, and other species of birds that nest in towering trees. Orchids, trees, shrubs, ferns, bushes and bokawe (buho) are some of the flora than can be found in the park.
Observation outposts of the former republic as well as ruins of stone fortifications also abound within the park, including a stone cliff with carvings, possibly over a hundred years old.
Mount Susong Dalaga and Tilandong Falls are also popular attractions inside the park.
There are also a few other popular places among tourists such as the Yungib Cave, where human bones can be found, and Tanggapan Cave, whose name is derived from the Tagalog word tanggapan (response). Among the other caves in the area are Ambush Cave and Pahingahan Cave.
Conservation and Protection of the Park
In a memorandum dated December 28, 2010, a 6-year struggle by the people of Bulacan to halt the quarrying and mining operations in Biak-na-Bato National Park came to an end when DENR decided that the permit given to Rosemoor Mining and Development Corp violated the Philippine Mining Act of 1995. The appeal to repeal the mining permit was due to fear of the desecration of the historical site and continued loss of life due to flash floods and land slides.
Congressman Joselito Mendoza filed House Bill 2713 on September 3, 2013 that sought to reinstate the original 2,117 hectare land area of the National Park.
- Region 3 – Protected Areas. Department of Environment of Natural Resources Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau.
- Biak-na-Bato. The Philippine Star Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau.
- Bulacan Tourist Attractions. Department of Tourism (Philippines).
- Archived copy.