Balanga, officially the City of Balanga (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Balanga; Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Balanga), is a 4th class component city and capital of the province of Bataan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 96,061 people.
Balanga, the capital of Bataan, was formerly a village of Abucay before it was established as a mission of the Dominican Order in the Provincial Charter of April 21, 1714, and later declared a vicariate on April 18, 1739, under the patronage of Saint Joseph. Upon the establishment of Bataan as a separate province in 1754, Balanga was made its capital by General Pedro Manuel Arandia due to its favorable location, at the heart of the new territorial jurisdiction.
The word Balanga originates from the Kapampangan word "balañga" (clay pot, or "banga" in Tagalog), which the town used to produce and which were among the best that can be found in the country.
The city has extended its urban fringe to the west of Roman Superhighway and a new growth center in Barangay Tuyo has been delineated in the Comprehensive Land Use Plan. During the past years, the city saw a high record of residential growth. Consequently, with the expansion of the physical limits of the urban core, as well as the expected large increases in population, and the city's attractiveness to commercial and employment activities, the City Government of Balanga decided to undertake a Master Planning exercise and to propose various developmental projects that would establish Balanga as a well-planned community with quality and character that is innovative and special, although this is currently hindered by an unreliable electricity supply.
Balanga City is primarily a residential-agricultural city, with a rapidly growing commercial sector. It has a total land area of 11,163 hectares (8.13% of Bataan). It borders Pilar to the south, Abucay to the north, Morong to the west, and Manila Bay to the east.
Balanga City is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.
|Town Proper Barangays||Peripheral Barangays||Coastal Barangays||Lowland Barangays||Upland Barangays|
Pursuant to the Local government in the Philippines", the political seat of the municipal government is located at the City Hall. In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the Gobernadorcillo is the Chief Executive who holds office in the Presidencia. During the period of American rule (1898–1946) (History of the Philippines (1898-1946)), the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones, hold office at the Municipal Town or City Hall. The legislative and executive departments perform their functions in the Sangguniang Panglungsod (Session Hall) and the Regional and Metropolitan Trial Courts, respectively, and are located in the second floor of the City Hall and in the Halls of Justice.
- Mayor: Francis S. Garcia (National Unity)
- Vice Mayor: Vianca Lita V. Gozon (National Unity)
- Noel Valdecañas
- Jett Nisay
- Vic Baluyot
- Elmo Sanchez
- Hubert Pizarro
- Karl Paguio
- Joy Panganiban
- Carding Magpantay
- Tony Tranate
- Benjie Meriño
The City administration envisions the City of Balanga as U-Town, a World Class University Town in 2020 (City Ordinance No. 21, Series of 2008, "Declaring the eighty point forty-two (80.42) hectares at the city's central district as University Town in the City of Balanga, Bataan").
Balanga listed a 'Record-Breaking' P6B Investments In 2012. Balanga City won the 1st Robredo ICT Awards.
|Tomas B. Gallardo||1901–1903|
|Antonio Tuason Sr.||1907–1909|
|Amado de Leon||1909–1912|
|Andres de Leon||1912–1916|
|Jose P. Banzon||1916–1919|
|Antonio Tuason Sr. (2nd Term)||1928–1931|
|Venacio Banzon (2nd Term)||1931–1934|
|Mariano Batungbacal (2nd Term)||1942–1943|
|Carlos Y. Gonzales||1944–1945|
|Mariano Herrera (2nd Term)||1945–1946|
|Jose N. Gonzales||1946–1947|
|Pedro R. Dizon||1948–1951|
|Faustino V. Vigo||1952–1955|
|Pedro R. Dizon (2nd Term)||1956–1959|
|Teodoro Camacho III||1968–1971|
|Teodoro R. Alonzo||1980–1986|
|Teodoro Camacho III (2nd Term)||1986–1987|
|Melanio S. Banzon Jr.||1988–1998|
|Albert S. Garcia||1998–2004|
|Melanio S. Banzon Jr. (2nd Term)||2004–2007|
|Jose Enrique Garcia III||2007–2016
Landmarks and places of interest
Balanga City is the educational center of the province of Bataan. It currently has one public university and several private colleges offering various courses such as accountancy, business administration, computer science and information technology, elementary and secondary education, engineering, and health professions like nursing and midwifery.
Bataan Peninsula State University is the lone state university in the city. It operates two campuses in the city: the main campus, which is located in the capitol compound, and the Balanga City campus, which is located in downtown area.
The other private colleges in the city include Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies and EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology), both located in Barangay Ibayo, Bataan Heroes Memorial College located in Bataan Provincial Expressway, Microcity Computer College located at Capitol Drive and St. Joseph's College in upper Tuyo.
Other higher educational institutions in the city of Balanga include: AMA Computer Learning Center, Balanga; Philippine Women's University, CDCEC Bataan; Bataan Maritime Institute, Cupang Balanga; and Proclesia International Inc.
The city is also host to the biggest public secondary school in the province, the Bataan National High School. The other notable public secondary schools in the city are the laboratory high school of Bataan Peninsula State University, and the Bataan Integrated School.
Notable Private secondary schools in the city include the high school departments of Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies, Bataan Infant Jesus School, Bataan Montessori School, Inc., Tomas del Rosario College and St. Joseph Colleges of Balanga.
Mayor Jose Enrique Garcia III's noted 2,050 scholars of the University Town of the Peninsula Foundation, Inc. which earned P10 million from private donors and per the December 2012 Balanga UTown Musical Mini-Series musical.