Asplenium macrophyllum Swartz.

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Scientific name: Asplenium macrophyllum Swartz.

Common name: Buntot-kapon (Tag.); culantrillo (Buk.); pako (Palawan, Tag., Mbo., Iban.); pakong-gubat (Tag.); pakpak-lauin na babae (Tag.)

Description: Its rootstock is short and covered with linear-lanceolate acuminate scales. Stipes are tufted, rigid, erect, brown, glabrous, and 3 to 30 centimeters long. Fronds are simply pinnate, oblong in outline, 7 to 40 centimeters long, pinnate opposite or alternate, 2 to 12 centimeters on each side, 2 to 15 centimeters long, 1 to 3 centimeters wide, lanceolate. The sori are in close, long, parallel, oblique lines reaching from the midrib to the margin.

Taxonomy:
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Aspleniaceae
Genus: Asplenium L.
Species: Asplenium macrophyllum Sw.

Habitat: It thrives on dry thickets in the Philippines.
Distribution: It is found widely distributed in dry thickets of the Philippines and from topical Asia to Polynesia.
Economic importance/Medicinal value: A decoction of the fronds is a powerful diuretic used in treating defective urinary secretion, especially that induced by beriberi.

In India, the fronds are used as diuretic. The leaf decoction is used as a laxative, emetic, diuretic, anthelmintic, and for treating ophthalmia, jaundice, and splenic diseases.



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