Antonio Maria Blanco

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Antonio María Blanco (1 April 1803 – 20 December 1883)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 26 December 1849 to 29 June 1850.[2]

Biography

Blanco was the son of Antonio Gaspar Blanco Herrejón y Crehuet and María de la Paz Castañola y Gil Taboada.[3]

He joined the Army as a minor cadet on 30 April 1806, at the age of three.[4] He was promoted as sub-lieutenant on 10 April 1814.[5] Since then, he participated in campaigns, including those during the French invasion of Spain in 1823, and the First Carlist War (1833 – 1840).[6] He was promoted to various ranks, the highest being the rank of mariscal de campo on 24 December 1843.[7] He was then stationed in the Philippines, becoming a segundo cabo (commander of the army) before he was appointed as Governor-General.[8]

He became Governor-General on 26 December 1849, replacing Narciso Clavería. During his term, the monthly lottery was established on 29 January 1850.[9] It was also during his term that the province of La Union was established. The province was officially established on 2 March 1850, and its establishment was confirmed by Queen Isabela II through a royal decree issued on 18 April 1854.[10] La Union was originally part of Ilocos Sur, which was formed after Ilocos was divided into two provinces in 1818.[11]

He left his position on 29 June 1850 and was succeeded by Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo.[12] He then became the civil governor of Valencia in 1853, captain general of Valencia in 1854, and captain general of Navarra from November 1858 to 1860.[13]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "Antonio María Blanco Castañola," accessed 3 February 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/80363/antonio-maria-blanco-castanola
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 296.
  3. Real Academia de la Historia, "Antonio María Blanco Castañola."
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "Antonio María Blanco Castañola."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "Antonio María Blanco Castañola."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "Antonio María Blanco Castañola."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "Antonio María Blanco Castañola."
  8. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  9. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  10. Provincial Government of La Union, "History," accessed 21 January 2021, https://launion.gov.ph/history/
  11. Provincial Government of La Union, "History."
  12. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  13. Real Academia de la Historia, "Antonio María Blanco Castañola."

Citation

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