Amanita phalloides Fries

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Amanita phalloides

Scientific name: Amanita phalloides Fries
Common name: Deadly amanita, deadly agarie (Engl.)

Taxonomy:
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae
Genus: Amanita Dill. ex Boehm., 1760
Species: Amanita phalloides Fries

Description: The cap is yellow, white, or greenish to nearly olive, 5 to 11 centimeters in diameter, with white gills. The stem is scaly, whit or tinged as in the cap, 5 to 15 centimeters high. The ring is membranous and white and falls off early. The cap is usually white, often greenish to olive. It is described to be one of the most dangerous of all poisonous mushrooms.

Habitat: It has a mutual symbiotic with several tree species including hardwood and conifer species. It is commonly seen under oaks, beeches, chestnuts, horse-chestnuts, birches, filberts, hornbeams, pines, and spruces.

Distribution: This mushroom has been reported to be seen in Baguio.

It is native to Europe, where it is widespread. It is found from the southern coastal regions of Scandinavia in the north, to Ireland in the west, east to Poland and western Russia, and south through the Balkans, in Greece, Italy, Spain, and Portugal in the Mediterranean basin, and in Morocco and Algeria in north Africa. It has also been reported to be seen in west Asia from the forests of northern Iran.

Economic importance/Medicinal value: Its most important constituent albuminoid, phallin, appears to be related to serpent venom. The symptoms produced by poisoning after eating A. Phalloides – respiratory and circulatory depression – are delayed for twenty-four hours. A cold heavy sweat breaks out, followed by a severe headache, and delirium sets in. Jaundice may occur and a high temperature is frequent. Sometimes, convulsions precede collapse.


References

  • Qisumbing, Eduardo A. Medicinal Plants of the Philippines. (Accessed on 23 August 2021).
  • Lange, Lene (1974). "The distribution of macromycetes in Europe". Dansk Botanisk Arkiv. 30: 5–105. ISSN 0011-6211
  • Tulloss, Rodham E. "Amanita phalloidea". Studies in the Amanitaceae. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
  • "Amanita phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link". Global Biodiversity Information Facility.(Accessed on 26 August 2021).



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