Adiantum capillus-veneris Linn.

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Adiantum capillus-veneris

Scientific name: Adiantum capillus-veneris Linn.

Common name: Alambrillo (Sp., Tag.); culantrillo de pozo, culantrillo de alambre (Sp., Tag.)

Taxonomy:
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Pteridaceae
Genus: Adiantum L.
Species: Adiantum capillus-veneris L.

Description: Stipes are suberect and rather slender, 10 to 20 centimeters long, polished, and blackish. Fronds are bipinnate, with a short terminal pinna and numerous erect lateral ones on each side. The segments are 1 to 2.5 centimeters broad, the base cuneate and the other edge rounded. The sori are roundish in the sinuses of the crenations.

Habitat: It is found in temperate climates from warm-temperate to tropical where the moisture content is high, in the moist, well-drained sand, loam, or limestone of many habitats. It occurs throughout in moist places by streams or in moist sandstone cliffs in full or partial shade even when unprotected.

Distribution: Alambrillo is found in Batan Island, Nueva Vizcaya, Bontoc, Benguet, and Laguna provinces.

Economic importance/Medicinal value: In the Philippines, the fronds are used in treating chest diseases. They are also used as an emmenagogue. In Iraq and Iran, rhizomes are credited with expectorant properties and are used to relieve difficult respiration and spasms in whooping cough. In Mexico, it is used as an aperitive, diuretic, and as an emmenagogue. It is also used as an astringent.

In Punjab, India, the leaves along with pepper, are used as a febrifuge. In South India, it is mixed with honey to treat catarrhal affections. In Colomas, this plant is used as a tea to relieve colic. In Indochina, it is used as an emollient and as an expectorant.



References

  • Qisumbing, Eduardo A. Medicinal Plants of the Philippines. (Accessed on 25 August 2021).
  • Wildflower.org-NPIN: Adiantum capillus-veneris (Southern maidenhair fern)
  • Sim, Thomas Robertson (1915). The Ferns of South Africa. London & Edinburgh: Cambridge University Press.
  • Roux, J.P. (1979). Cape Peninsula Ferns. Kirstenbosch: National Botanic Gardens of South Africa.




Citation

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