2005 Pacific typhoon season
The 2005 Pacific typhoon season had no official bounds; it ran year-round in 2005, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November.  These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.
The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 2005 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical storms that form in the West Pacific basin are assigned a name by the Japan Meteorological Agency. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.
Please note that on the following list, storms are listed by Tropical Depression number, and therefore Saola (18W), which is on the naming list before Damrey (17W), is listed after Damrey, having been the later storm to form, despite being the earlier to attain Tropical Storm status. Also, windspeed advisories differ from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center to the Japan Meteorological Agency as the JTWC uses the U.S. criteria of 1 minute mean to designate maximum sustained winds, while the JMA uses the 10-minute mean wind criteria to designate tropical cyclone maximum sustained winds. This difference generally means that JTWC maximum winds will appear to be higher than the maximum winds described by the JMA for the same cyclone.
Severe Tropical Storm Kulap
- University of Hawaii's tracking chart of Tropical Storm Kulap.
Typhoon Roke (Auring)
- Typhoon 2000's tracking chart of Typhoon Roke (Auring).
Typhoon Sonca (Bising)
- Typhoon 2000's tracking chart of Typhoon Sonca (Bising).
Typhoon Nesat (Dante)
Template:Infobox hurricane small Typhoon Nesat (Dante) was a powerful storm that formed on May 30 about 290 nautical miles (540 km) south-southeast of Guam as Tropical Depression 04W. It was quickly upgraded to Tropical Storm Nesat overnight at 1800 UTC (0200 PHT May 31). Nesat is a Cambodian word for fisherman. On the evening of June 1, it strengthened into Typhoon Nesat. On June 2, it entered the Philippine area of responsibility and was assigned the name Dante for Philippine warnings. Typhoon Nesat (Dante) quickly grew to a category 4 storm as it approached the Philippines, but it curved away to the northeast and did not pose a threat to land. Waxing and waning in strength it eventually became extratropical southeast of Honshū, Japan at tropical storm strength on the morning of June 10 at 0000 UTC (0900 JST).
- Typhoon 2000's tracking chart of Typhoon Nesat (Dante).
Typhoon Haitang (Feria)
Template:Infobox hurricane small Template:Hurricane main Typhoon Haitang (Feria) was the first major typhoon of the 2005 season in the northwestern Pacific. It formed on the evening of July 11 as a poorly organized depression about 110 nautical miles (280 km) west of Marcus Island, Japan at 1200 UTC (2000 JST). By 1800 UTC (0300 JST July 13), it had reached tropical storm strength and was named Haitang, a Chinese name for flowering crabapple. It grew to typhoon strength at 1800 UTC (0300 JST July 14) the following day. As it moved westward it continued to gain in strength, reaching category three status as it entered the Philippine area of responsibility. PAGASA named the storm Feria for Philippine warnings on July 15. By July 16, the storm continued tracking west and became a threat to Taiwan and Japan's Sakishima Islands. Haitang strengthened into a category 5 super typhoon. On July 17 it weakened to a category 3 as it continued west, sparing Sakishima a direct hit but aiming directly for Taiwan. Typhoon Haitang made landfall near Hualien, Taiwan at 0000 UTC (0800 HKT) on the morning of July 18. Taking a full day to cross the island and over the interior mountains, it caused flash floods and landslides killing four people. Weakening to a tropical storm as it entered the South China Sea, it reorganized into a minimal typhoon as it approached the southeast China coast. Haitang made landfall for the second time near Wenzhou China on July 19 at 1200 UTC (2000 HKT). Moving inland, it rapidly lost its strength and dissipated. PAGASA stopped issuing advisories for the storm near Jiangxi on July 20.
- University of Hawaii's tracking chart of Super Typhoon Haitang (Feria).
Severe Tropical Storm Nalgae
Template:Infobox hurricane small Severe Tropical Storm Nalgae formed from a tropical disturbance 325 nautical miles (600 km) northwest of Wake Island on the morning of July 20. Nalgae is a Korean word for wing. Nalgae did not reach typhoon intensity or threaten land. It turned to the north and then east, avoiding Japan.
- University of Hawaii's tracking chart of Tropical Storm Nalgae.
Severe Tropical Storm Banyan
Template:Infobox hurricane small Severe Tropical Storm Banyan formed from a tropical disturbance about 300 nautical miles (550 km) north of Yap Island on the evening of July 21 at 1200 UTC (2100 JST). Banyan is a tree common in southern China. Banyan brushed the southern and eastern coasts of Honshū, Japan on July 26. It became extratropical off the northeastern coast of Honshū on July 27.
- University of Hawaii's tracking chart of Tropical Storm Banyan.
Tropical Storm Washi
Template:Infobox hurricane small Tropical Storm Washi formed as a tropical depression about 215 nautical miles (400 km) south of Hong Kong. Washi is a Japanese word for the constellation Aquila. The storm moved west towards Hainan. Tropical Storm Washi made its first landfall near Xinglong, Hainan. After re-entering the Gulf of Tonkin, the storm made its final landfall near Nam Dinh, Vietnam.
- University of Hawaii's tracking chart of Tropical Storm Washi.
Typhoon Matsa (Gorio)
Template:Infobox hurricane small Template:Hurricane main Typhoon Matsa (Gorio) formed as a depression 130 nautical miles (240 km) west northwest of Yap Island. Matsa is a Laotian name for a lady fish. Matsa formed east of and then moved into the Philippine area of responsibility. It has been assigned the name Gorio for Philippine advisories. Matsa passed between Taiwan and Okinawa with the center of the storm passing over the Yaeyama Islands of Japan on the evening of August 4. The storm made landfall near Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangsu and Shanghai on mainland China on the morning of August 6 with maximum sustained winds of 145 km/h (90 mph). The storm rapidly dissipated inland over China but remnants brought heavy rain inland west of Shanghai.
- Typhoon 2000's tracking chart of Typhoon Matsa (Gorio).
Typhoon Sanvu (Huaning)
Typhoon Sanvu (Huaning) formed as a tropical depression on the morning of August 10 at 0000 UTC (0800 PHT) 320 nautical miles east-northeast of Borongan on Samar Island inside the Philippine area of responsibility. PAGASA assigns names to Tropical Depressions because they often bring heavy rains and mudslides to the Philippines. Storm was named Tropical Depression Huaning for Philippine warnings but within 24 hours received the more recognized name Sanvu when it became a Tropical Storm. Sanvu is a Chinese name for coral. Tropical Storm Sanvu (Huaning) passed over a peninsula in Cagayan province on the island of Luzon early on the morning of August 12. It was upgraded to a typhoon before making landfall in China the next day on August 13. Sanvu (Huaning) rapidly dissipated after moving inland on August 14.
Sanvu was the first typhoon that necessitated a tropical cyclone signal for Hong Kong.
- Typhoon 2000's tracking chart of Typhoon Sanvu (Huaning).
Template:Infobox hurricane small Typhoon Mawar formed as a tropical depression on the evening of August 19 at 1200 UTC (2100 JST) 245 nautical miles (455 kilometers) southeast of Iwo Jima. Mawar is a Malay word for a rose. The storm intensified rapidly in two days to a category 4 Super Typhoon but weakened as it approached Japan. Mawar made landfall on Honshū as a category 2 Typhoon on August 25 at 1800 UTC (August 26 0300 JST) with winds of 95 mph (152 km/h). After moving inland to the northwest it was downgraded to a category 1 before entering the Pacific Ocean. It was downgraded to a Tropical Storm on August 26 and became extratropical on August 27. At least two people were killed by Mawar.
- University of Hawaii's tracking chart of Super Typhoon Mawar.
Severe Tropical Storm Guchol
Template:Infobox hurricane small Severe Tropical Storm Guchol formed as a tropical depression on the morning of August 20 at 0000 UTC (0900 JST) 190 nautical miles (350 kilometers) southwest of Marcus Island, Japan. It reached Tropical Storm strength the next day and was named Guchol, a Yapese name for the tumeric. Guchol curved to the northwest and never threatened land. It became extratropical August 25 at 0000 UTC (0900 JST) 735 nautical miles (1,285 km) east-southeast of Nakashibetsu, Hokkaidō, Japan.
- Weather Underground's tracking chart of Tropical Storm Guchol.
Typhoon Talim (Isang)
Tropical Depression 13W formed on the afternoon of August 26 at 0600 UTC northeast of the island of Yap. Within 24 hours it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Talim and the next day became a Typhoon. Talim is a Philippine name for a knife or sharp cutting edge. Typhoon Talim was assigned the name Typhoon Isang for Philippine warnings when it entered the Philippine area of responsibility on August 29. Typhoon Talim (Isang) made landfall at 1800 UTC August 31 (0200 PHT September 1) as a category 3 storm. Talim dissipated over southeastern China on September 1. Typhoon Talim left at least 110 people dead and 23 missing in Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi & Anhui provinces, with at least 40 people dead in the latter province due to landslides. It also left 7 dead in Taiwan. 
- Typhoon 2000's tracking chart of Typhoon Talim (Isang).
Typhoon Nabi (Jolina)
Template:Infobox hurricane small Typhoon Nabi (Jolina) formed from a tropical depression on the afternoon of August 29 at 0600 UTC (1600 AEST) east of Saipan. 18 hours later it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Nabi. Nabi is a Korean word for a butterfly. It strengthened into a Typhoon on August 30 and passed near the islands of Saipan and Guam on August 31.After passing near the Marianas Islands, the storm continued to strengthen until reaching Category 5 intensity on September 1. Typhoon Nabi was assigned the name Jolina for Philippine warnings when it entered the Philippine area of responsibility on September 3. Typhoon Nabi (Jolina) passed to the east of the island of Okinawa, Japan, and made landfall in the Kagoshima Prefecture of Japan on September 6 as a Category 2 storm. It dissipated shortly after that.
Twenty-one deaths have been reported in Japan. On September 8, five people were missing in South Korea and fifty in Japan as a result of the storm. Japan also reported 143 injured. The storm damaged 10,000 homes in Japan, where 31 of 47 prefectures reported some damage. Eighty-eight roads in Japan were damaged and 168 landslides were reported there. The heaviest damage was in Miyazaki prefecture on the island of Kyūshū. There were no deaths in the Marianas Islands. Saipan did experience heavy wind gusts of 120 km/h (75 mph). Guam experienced gale-force wind gusts in addition to approximately 75 mm (3 in) of rain.
Typhoon Khanun (Kiko)
Template:Infobox hurricane small Tropical Depression 15W formed from a well-defined low pressure system located about 50 nautical miles (95 km) east of Yap on September 6. It strengthened into a tropical storm later that day. The system was classified as a tropical storm by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center on September 6, while the Japan Meteorological Agency, the agency responsible for naming typhoons, did not upgrade the system until a day later. Tropical Storm 15W entered the Philippine area of responsibility on September 7. It was named Kiko by PAGASA first before being named Khanun by the JMA. Khanun is the Thai name for jackfruit. Typhoon Khanun (Kiko) made landfall in eastern China on September 11 at 0600 UTC (1400 HKT). Khanun dissipated the next day, September 12.
More than 800,000 people were evacuated from their homes as the storm neared. Many people, evacuated by the army, were taken to schools, railway stations, hotels and other solid buildings to take shelter from the approaching storm.
The city of Taizhou in Zhejiang province bore the initial brunt of the storm as it was close the where the storm made landfall, 220 km south of Shanghai. Other coastal cities braced for the typhoon as it headed north. At least 14 people were killed and 1 went missing in Zhejiang province.
Japan's southern Ryukyu Islands suffered strong winds, high waves and heavy rains as the storm passed. Opening hours at some polling stations were altered to make sure citizens could still vote in the Japanese general election despite the weather.
- JTWC's Tracking Chart of Typhoon Khanun (Kiko).
Tropical Storm Vicente
Template:Infobox hurricane small Tropical Depression 16W formed 205 nautical miles (375 km) east-southeast of Dong Tac, Vietnam on the morning of September 16. It reached Tropical Storm strength overnight local time and was named Vicente, a Chamorro male name. Shortly after forming, Vicente interacted with a tropical disturbance west of Luzon and made a cyclonic loop. Vicente then absorbed the disturbance before passing just south of Hainan Island. Eventually, Vicente tracked into the Vietnam coast northwest of Hue on September 18 and gradually dissipated.
As the pressure gradient between Vicente and a ridge of high pressure over southeastern China brought a strong easterly airstream to the coastal areas of Guangdong and caused rough seas with swells, a swimmer was drowned on September 17. Another one drowned the following day in rough seas at Sai Kung, Hong Kong. Also, a ship from China struck a reef between Shangchuan and Xiachuan Islands. All seventeen crew members were rescued.
In Vietnam, about 5 people were killed or reported missing.
- Weather Underground's tracking chart of Tropical Storm Vicente
Typhoon Damrey (Labuyo)
Template:Infobox hurricane small Due to its proximity to the Philippines, PAGASA assigned it the name Labuyo and began issuing advisories on a disturbed area of tropical weather to the east of the islands on September 19. On September 20 it was classified as Tropical Depression 17W by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. On September 21, it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Damrey. It strengthened into a typhoon on September 24. Damrey is a Cambodian word for elephant.
Typhoon Damrey (Labuyo) made landfall at Wanning, in China's Hainan province at 2000 UTC, September 25 (0400 September 26 local time) with maximum sustained winds up to 180 km/h. This made Damrey the strongest typhoon to strike Hainan since Typhoon Marge in September 1973.
At least 16 people are believed to have died in China, and the entire province of Hainan suffered power outages. Damrey then went on to impact Vietnam before losing tropical characteristics while a Tropical Storm. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center ceased advisories with the final one at 0900 UTC September 27 with the system 90 nautical miles south-southwest of Hanoi, Vietnam.
- Weather Underground's tracking chart of Typhoon Damrey (Labuyo).
Template:Infobox hurricane small Japan Meteorological Agency initiated a warning for Tropical Depression 18W southwest of Marcus Island, Japan at 0000 UTC (0900 JST), September 20. The depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Saola 18 hours later as it continued to strengthen moving westward. The name Saola comes from saola, a newly discovered endangered species in Vietnam. Saola was further upgraded to a typhoon at 0300 UTC (1200 JST) September 22. Saola became extratropical 370 nautical miles northeast of Tokyo four days later.
- Weather Underground's tracking chart of Typhoon Saola.
Typhoon Longwang (Maring)
Template:Infobox hurricane small Template:Hurricane main Tropical Depression 19W formed about 335 nautical miles south-southeast of Iwo Jima, Japan on September 26. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center initiated a warning for it at 0000 UTC the same day, and was upgraded to Tropical Storm Longwang six hours later. Longwang is Chinese for Dragon King. At 0300 UTC September 27, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center upgraded it to a typhoon. It continued to increase in strength as it tracked west to west-northwest towards Taiwan, and was upgraded to a super typhoon on September 29. PAGASA named the storm Maring for Philippine warnings on September 29. Longwang made landfall at 0515 local time on October 2 south of Hualien City, Taiwan as a category 4 storm. Half a day later, at 2135 local time (1335 UTC), it made second landfall in Fujian Province, China as a minimal typhoon. Longwang dissipated on the next day.
Despite its violence, Longwang only caused material damage, and claimed only one life in Taiwan.
- Weather Underground's tracking chart of Typhoon Longwang (Maring).
Typhoon Kirogi (Nando)
Template:Infobox hurricane small Japan Meteorological Agency began issuing warnings for a Tropical Depression southeast of Okinawa at 1200 UTC, October 9 and assigned the name Kirogi to it at 0600 UTC next day. Prior to becoming a Tropical Storm it entered the Philippine area of responsibility and was assigned the name Nando by PAGASA for Philippine warnings. JTWC finally issued a warning for Kirogi at 0900 UTC, October 10, despite listing it as a Tropical Depression. It was upgraded to a typhoon at 0000 UTC October 12, and reached Category 4 strength about nine hours later. Kirogi is a Korean word for a type of migrating bird that lives in North Korea from autumn to spring. Kirogi was declared extratropical at 0300 UTC October 19.
Template:Infobox hurricane small The Japan Meteorological Agency initiated marine warnings for a Tropical Depression in the South China Sea on October 28. Fifteen hours later, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center issued the number 22W to the system. The next day it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Kai-Tak. Kai-Tak was a name submitted by Hong Kong in honor of their former airport. On October 30 it was upgraded to a Typhoon. Kai-Tak made landfall north of Hue, Vietnam, early on the morning of November 2.
- UNISYS track chart of Typhoon Kai-Tak
Tropical Storm Tembin (Ondoy)
Template:Infobox hurricane small The Joint Typhoon Warning Center initiated warning for Tropical Depression 23W at 0900 UTC November 7, north-northwest of the Micronesian island of Yap. The storm gained enough power to warrant upgrading to a Tropical Storm 12 hours later. The system entered the Philippine area of responsibility on the morning of November 8 and was named Ondoy by PAGASA. The storm encountered shear as it moved west, and lost organisation on November 8, being downgraded to a tropical depression. On November 9 it regained tropical storm strength and had a better LLCC (low-level circulation centre). On November 10 it was named Tembin by the JMA. Tembin is a Japanese constellation for the group of stars known in the west as Libra. Tembin then made landfall near midnight November 11 local time in the northern Philippines and lost much of its circulation and convection. Tembin dissipated rapidly the next day.
- Weather Underground's tracking chart of Tropical Storm Tembin
Typhoon Bolaven (Pepeng)
Template:Infobox hurricane small The Joint Typhoon Warning Center initiated a TCFA warning for a low-pressure system about 150 nautical miles (280 km) west-southwest of Palau late on November 12. This was upgraded to a tropical depression the next afternoon, 290 nautical miles (550 km) west of Palau. Forming inside the Philippine area of responsibility it has been named Pepeng by PAGASA. It was named Bolaven on November 16 by the JMA. Bolaven is a Laotian word meaning plateau or mesa. Although it strengthened into a Category 1 typhoon on November 17, it weakened to a tropical storm before making landfall on November 20 at about 800 local time in Cagayan Valley in the northern Philippines. Bolaven rapidly dissipated that same day north of the Philippines.
- Weather Underground's tracking chart of Typhoon Bolaven
These systems were not officially named as tropical storms by the JMA, although the JMA might have monitored them as tropical depressions. They were, however, designated as tropical cyclones by the Philippines (PAGASA), China (CMA), and/or the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC).
PAGASA Tropical Depression Crising
Template:Infobox hurricane small A short lived tropical depression formed near the Philippines on May 16 at 0000 UTC (0800 PHT) 180 nautical miles (330 km) east of Surigao on Mindanao Island. It was assigned the name Crising by PAGASA. The storm never organized into a tropical storm and did not receive the more recognized International name for West Pacific storms. The storm drifted northwest then southwest and began losing convection. PAGASA stopped tracking the storm 24 hours later on the 17th at 0000 UTC (0800 PHT) 145 nautical miles (270 km) east of Surigao.
- Typhoon 2000's tracking chart of Tropical Depression 96W(Crising).
PAGASA Tropical Depression Emong
Template:Infobox hurricane small A tropical depression formed near the Philippines on July 4 at 0600 UTC (1400 PHT) about 35 nautical miles (65 km) northeast of Catarman on Samar Island. It was assigned the name Emong by PAGASA. The storm never organized into a tropical storm and did not receive the more recognized International name for West Pacific storms. As a poorly organized depression it drifted over Luzon on July 5. Upper-level shear and the depression's landfall caused the storm to lose organization on July 6 while located about 40 nautical miles (75 km) south of Hong Kong.
- Typhoon 2000's tracking chart of Tropical Depression 93W(Emong).
JTWC Tropical Depression 20W
Template:Infobox hurricane small The meteorological agencies of Guangdong and Hainan upgraded a low-pressure center over South China Sea to a tropical depression at 0800 local time, October 6. The Hong Kong Observatory followed suit 30 hours later. The JTWC finally issued a warning for this system at 1500 UTC October 7 (2300 local time), and tropical depression number 20W was issued to the system. The JTWC issued its final advisory on the system just six hours later, 55 nautical miles west-northwest of Hue, Vietnam. As the system never reached Tropical Storm strength, it was not given a name from the list. The only damage it did, if any, however, was that massive rainfall amounts were recorded - over 230 mm (9 inches) were recorded in some parts of Hainan.
JTWC Tropical Storm 25W (Quedan)
On December 16, 95W.INVEST developed in the Philippine area of responsibility, and was given the name Quedan for Philippine warnings. 95W organized into Tropical Depression 25W on December 18 off the northern coast of Borneo. On December 19, the JTWC classified it as a Tropical Storm. The JMA issued gale warnings on it as a Tropical Depression for 18 hours between December 19 and December 20, but never upgraded it to a tropical storm, marking only the 11th time since the current naming conventions began in 2000 that the JTWC and the JMA had disagreed over naming a tropical storm after two storms each in 2002, 2003, 2004, as well as three in 2001 and one in the first year. The storm dissipated early on December 20 as wind shear increased on the system.
Western North Pacific tropical cyclones are named by the RSMC Tokyo-Typhoon Center of the Japan Meteorological Agency. Names are selected from the following sequential list, there is no annual list. Names were contributed by 13 members of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee, except for Singapore. The 13 nations or territories, along with Micronesia, each submitted 10 names, which are used in alphabetical order by the English name of the country. Unused names are marked in grey. The first storm for 2005 was Kulap.
The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones within its area of responsibility. Lists are recycled every four years. This is the same list used in 2001 with the exceptions of Bising, Dante, Nando and Pepeng, which replace Barok, Darna, Nanang and Pabling. Unused names are marked in gray.
Three names were retired from this season: Matsa, Nabi and Longwang. The replacement were to be submitted at the 2006 meeting of the Typhoon Committee; Pakhar, Noksuri and Haikui were selected respectively.
- 2005 Pacific hurricane season
- 2005 Atlantic hurricane season
- 2005-06 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season
- 2005-09 North Indian cyclone seasons
- Typhoon2000 Philippine typhoon website
- Joint Typhoon Warning Center
- Meaning of typhoon names (JMA)
- Japan Meteorological Agency - Tropical Cyclone Information (日本語)
- [http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/digital-typhoon/ Digital Typhoon - Typhoon Images and Informatio