Technical and vocational education

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Technical and vocational education basically seeks to enhance and develop skills. In the Philippines, schools offering vocational and technical courses and programs, including their curricula, undergo accreditation and approval by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA).

TESDA and other vocational schools offer short programs or two-year courses on technology and skills development like automotive technology, nursing aide training, tourism, photography, computer technology, drafting, among others. Upon graduation from these courses, students take a licensure examination from TESDA to obtain a certificate or diploma.

Programs taken in TESDA and other schools are also ladderized, meaning upon completion of a particular course, units taken can be credited if the graduate decides to enroll in a related field in a college or university.

Technical education in the Philippines

Through Republic Act 7796, TESDA was established in 1994 during President Fidel V. Ramos’ term. The law encourages the full participation of industry, labor, local government units and technical-vocational institutions in the skills development of the country's human resources. Since then, TESDA has been the center of technical and vocational education in the country.

The institution creates and prepares manpower and skills plans, sets appropriate skills standards and tests, coordinates and monitors policies and programs regarding manpower, and provides resource allocation policy directions and guidelines for technical-vocational education and training institutions in both the private and public sectors.

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