Visayas

From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao

Visayas is one of the three island groups in the Philippines, along with Luzon and Mindanao. It consists of several islands, forming the central part of the country's archipelago.

The major islands are:

According to an Executive Order 429, the Island Province of Palawan is now under the Administrative Powers of Region Vi or Western Visayas. However, until now (2006) steps have not yet been made to put this in practice.

Contents

Regions and Provinces

A map of Visayas color-coded by regions.      Central Visayas      Eastern Visayas      Western Visayas The major islands, from west to east: Palawan, Panay, Negros, Cebu, Bohol, Leyte and Samar

Administratively, Visayas is divided into 3 regions, namely Western Visayas, Central Visayas and Eastern Visayas. Each region is headed by a Regional Director of the different executive offices in the country. All of these positions are appointed by the Secretary of a particular Department (e.g. Department of Education).

However, it is made up of 16 provinces politically speaking. The Visayas is comprised of 16 provinces, each headed by a Governor. A governor is elected by popular vote and can serve at the maximum of three terms of three years each.

As for representation in the Philippine Congress, the Visayas is represented by 44 Congressmen elected the same way as the Governors.

Western Visayas (Region VI)

Western Visayas consists of the islands of Palawan and Panay and the western half of Negros. Its provinces are:

Central Visayas (Region VII)

Central Visayas includes the islands of Cebu and Bohol, and the eastern half of Negros. Its provinces are:

Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)

Eastern Visayas consists of the islands of Leyte and Samar. Its provinces are:

History

The first mention of the Visayas in history is in the 12th century, when the region came under rule of the Srivijaya empire of Java. Some legends (some false) exist about this stage in Visayan history. (See following section).

The Visayas continued to keep close diplomatic relations with the various Javanese and Malay kingdoms until the coming of the Spanish in the early to late 16th century, led by Ferdinand Magellan, Ruy López de Villalobos and Miguel López de Legazpi in 1521, 1543 and 1565 who arrived, explored and colonized the region.

Legend

There are legends, which are compiled in the book Maragtas, which tells the story of the ten chiefs (Datus) who escaped from the tyranny of Datu Makatunaw from Borneo to the islands of Panay. The chiefs and followers are believed to be the ancestors of the Visayan people. The arrival is celebrated in the Festival of the Ati-Atihan in Kalibo, Aklan. While these are stories, they are believed to be based on actual facts and events which were compiled into a book by Pedro Alcantara Monteclaro, written in 1907.

See also

Wiktionary-logo-en.png
Look up Visayas in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.


Flag of the Philippines.png Philippines
Capital Manila | National Capital Region
Provinces Abra | Agusan del Norte | Agusan del Sur | Aklan | Albay | Antique | Apayao | Aurora | Basilan | Bataan | Batanes | Batangas | Benguet | Biliran | Bohol | Bukidnon | Bulacan | Cagayan | Camarines Norte | Camarines Sur | Camiguin | Capiz | Catanduanes | Cavite | Cebu | Compostela Valley | Cotabato | Davao del Norte | Davao del Sur | Davao Oriental | Dinagat Islands | Eastern Samar | Guimaras | Ifugao | Ilocos Norte | Ilocos Sur | Iloilo | Isabela | Kalinga | La Union | Laguna | Lanao del Norte | Lanao del Sur | Leyte | Maguindanao | Marinduque | Masbate | Misamis Occidental | Misamis Oriental | Mountain Province | Negros Occidental | Negros Oriental | Northern Samar | Nueva Ecija | Nueva Vizcaya | Occidental Mindoro | Oriental Mindoro | Palawan | Pampanga | Pangasinan | Quezon | Quirino | Rizal | Romblon | Samar | Sarangani | Shariff Kabunsuan | Siquijor | Sorsogon | South Cotabato | Southern Leyte | Sultan Kudarat | Sulu | Surigao del Norte | Surigao del Sur | Tarlac | Tawi-Tawi | Zambales | Zamboanga del Norte | Zamboanga del Sur | Zamboanga Sibugay
Other subdivisions Island groups | Regions | Cities | Municipalities | Barangays | Legislative districts
Territorial
disputes
Sabah | Scarborough Shoal | Spratly Islands

Coordinates: 11°00′N, 123°30′E

Flag of the Philippines.png This Philippine-related article is a stub. You can help WikiPilipinas by expanding it.


Original Source

Smallwikipedialogo.png This page was adapted from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Visayas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Wikipedia, WikiPilipinas also allows reuse of content made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. See full WikiMedia Terms of Use.