|Region||Metro Manila (National Capital Region)|
|Mayor||Sherwin T. Gatchalian (NPC)|
|Area|| 47.0 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 485,433|
The City of Valenzuela (Lungsod ng Valenzuela) is one of the 16 cities that comprise Metro Manila or the National Capital Region of the Philippines. It is one of the northernmost cities in the metro. It is bounded by the cities of Quezon and Caloocan to the east, Malabon City and the southern part of Caloocan to the south, Obando to the west and Meycauayan to the north both in the province of Bulacan.
Valenzuela City was first known as the town of Polo under the administration of the province of Bulacan then Meycauayan. It was considered by the Spanish colonizers as an agricultural area, therefore used by farmers to produce crops. In 1623, the town of Polo became a municipality independent from Meycauayan. When the Spanish occupation retreated, it left the country to the Americans. The Philippines was then ruled by the military. Dr. Pio Alejandrino Valenzuela was appointed mayor of the municipality of Polo on 6 September 1899. In 1963, by virtue of Executive Order No. 46, the municipality of Polo in Bulacan was renamed after Dr. Valenzuela. By 8 November 1975, the municipality of Valenzuela was no longer a part of Bulacan. Under the Presidential Decree No. 824, it became a part of the National Capital Region. Valenzuela officially achieved its cityhood on 14 February 1998 under the presidency of Fidel V. Ramos. Today, Valenzuela City continues to develop into a highly urbanized city with residential, commercial, and industrial centers.
Government and barangays
In the 2010 national and local elections, incumbent mayor Sherwin Gatchalian and vice mayor Eric Martinez once again gained the topmost seats in the city. Gatchalian’s younger brother Rexlon Gatchalian won as the first district representative while Magtanggol Gunigundo gained the second district representative seat.
Valenzuela is composed of 32 barangays which are grouped into two congressional districts and two legislative districts. Legislative District 1contains 23 barangays in the northern half of the city, while District 2occupies the 9 barangays in the southern portion of the city.
- Arkong Bato
- Lawang Bato
- Pariancillo Villa
- Veinte Reales
- Wawang Pulo
- Gen. T. De Leon
- Mapulang Lupa
- Paso de Blas
According to the 2007 Census data, the city of Valenzuela has a population of 568,928. The city has an annual population growth of 2.21% based on the 2000 population of 485,433.
Even a young city like Valenzuela still has many historical and entertaining places to visit. These include the following:
- Arkong Bato
- The Egbert Monument
- The Japanese Cemetery
- The Pio Valenzuela House
- The San Diego de Alcala Church Ruins
- The San Roque Church
- The PNR or Philippine National Railway Station
- Fatima Shrine Complex
- The Museo Valenzuela
- Province www.census.gov.ph (Accessed 4 June 2010)
- Election Results ibanangayon.ph (Accessed 4 June 2010)
- The City www.valenzuela.gov.ph (Accessed 4 June 2010)
- Valenzuela City www.biyahero.net (Accessed 4 June 2010)