From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
 History of Valencia City
The territory that now comprises the City of Valencia was formerly the thirteen (13) barrios of the Municipality of Malaybalay, Bukidnon. The earliest inhabitants in the area, now comprising part of the Poblacion, were Bukidnon natives who founded a settlement along the banks of Pulangui River. The pioneers were led by Datu Sebastian Manangkila.
Barrio Panlibatuhan, is derived from a Binukid word, "pangyohan ho kayu ha malibato" which means the supply of Malibato wood materials fro home building. Malibato, the hardest wood in the Province of Bukidnon, was found in Valencia - a landmark of the Panlibatuhan Bridge. The first site of settlement was in a sitio named " Panglibatuhan" because the area was thickly forested with Malibato trees.
When the first one-room barrio school was opened in 1911, its first teacher was Mr. Jaime Galorport. That school site was approximately the present location of Valencia National High School. Mr. Jaime Galoport came from Valencia, Bohol. So when the Southern portion of Malaybalay was separated as a new municipality, the settlers agrred to name it "Valencia" and is now known as the poblacion.
The rich natural resources found in the territory eventually attracted Christian settlers from Mindanao, Visayas and Luzon. The Immigration settlers in the area started in the middle of 1930's. During the World War II, the migration started to increase such that between 1960 and 1975, the population increased by 4.46 times or from 13,898 to 64,541. Today, Valencia is composed of 31 barangays and has a population of 147,924 people in 28,425 households (2000 Census).
The prime mover in the creation of Valencia into a town was the late Mr. Teodoro N. Pepito, the first appointed Mayor who led the petitions to convert Valencia into a municiplaity. By virtue of Executive Order No. 360 issued by then President Carlos P. Garcia, Valencia was officially born on January 16, 1961. Since the creation of the municipality in 1961, the municipal government had been headed by five (5) appointed and elected Municipal Mayors.
With the concerted efforts of the Municipal officials, Employees and constituents spearheaded by the late Mayor Berthobal R. Ancheta and the late Congressman Reginaldo N. Tilanduca, Valencia was converted into a City thru Republic Act (R.A.) No. 8985 to be known as the City of Valencia in the Province of Bukidnon approved by then President Joseph E. Estrada. The City of Valencia is dubbed as the City of Golden Harvest.
The phenomenal rise of Valencia as an urban center in the Province of Bukidnon gave way to the fulfillment of its vision. Consequently, the conversion of Valencia into a City resulted to the improvement of its peace and order condition, traffic management, infrastracture, sports and cultural facilities.
The incumbent Mayor is Honorable Leandro Catarata and became the Fifth elected Mayor and the Second elected City Mayor in Valencia when he won in the May 2007 Senatorial Election.
The City of Valencia is located at the heart of Mindanao. It is bounded on the North by the Municipality of Lantapan and the City of Malaybalay; in the south by the Municipalities of Maramag and Quezon and in the east by the Municipalities of Pangantucan and Talakag. The City comprises 31 barangays. Barangay Poblacion, wghich is the seat of the City of Malaybalay. It is 118 kilometers southeast of Cagayan de Oro City or two-hour ride by land transportation; 169 kilometers from Davao or five-hour ride and 234 kilometers from cotabato City or six-hour drive.
At 373 meters above sea level, the City is characterized as generally wet throughout the year with a short and slight dry spell lasting likely within the months of December to April, except January, which is sometimes a rainy month. The Valencianos enjoy a good climate year-round since the City is outside the typhoon belt.
The climate condition of Valencia holds under the third intermediate Type A with rainy season from June-December. It's average monthly rainfall is 190.60 mm.
The soil texture in Valencia is mainly clay dominated by maapag clay followed by antoyon clay with average soil Ph of 5.6.
The City of Valencia has a generally flay topography and is partly rolling.
 Facilities and Resources
Valencia is a first class municipality. It has a land area of 62,163 hectares or 621.63 sq.km. The place has quarries for sand and gravel, limestone, and guano deposits for clay production.
Tennis court, basketball courts, skating rink, public markets (Valencia Central Market and Valencia Farmer's Market), public plaza, integrated bus terminal, gymnasium, hotel and restaurants, slaughter house, lodging houses, private hospitals and clinics, public and private schools, pharmacy, business establishments and City Social Hall.
The LGU goes into cleaning and greening to make the City sanitary at all times. The City's Anti-smoking, Anti-littering Ordinances and the Oplan Kalinis Drive every Fridays help in keeping the City clean.
The water system of the City is administered by the Valencia City Water District (VCWD) that caters five barangays namely Poblacion, Lumbo, Bagontaas and Mailag.
29 Barangays enjoy Power supply by the First Bukidnon Electric Cooperative (FIBECO)
1 Barangay enjoys power supply by the BUSECO.
2,566 Business Establishments, 13 Banks, 20 Lending Institutions, 12 Major Pharmacies, 2 Shopping Malls, 20 Appliance Center, & 14 Jewelry Shops/Pawnshops
The City of Valencia is accessible by land transportation. The existing land transportation network in the City consists of jeepneys, buses, tricycles, private cars and motrocycles facilitate the movement of people and goods to and from all places in the city. Travelling from the poblacion to the different barangays is mainly by land through all kinds of vehicles.
Telecommunication services are provided by the following utilities: PHILCOM, SOTELCO, RCPI, SMART, MOBILINE, GLOBE, EXTELCOM, PT&T, PHILIPPINE POSTAL, JRS, XIMEX, WG&A CARRIER, RADIO STATIONS (DXCR, DXMV, AND DXWB-FM), CABLE TV AND LOCAL NEWSPAPERS.
Valencia has the full potential to become a tourist destination considering the rich natural resources which abound in its 31 barangays. The Towns folklore, the virginal beauty of waterfalls, the cool running waters of creeks, streams, and springs scattered throughout the city and specially the presence of the 24-hectare Lake Apo in Barangay Guinoyoran will make Valencia at par with other developed tourist spots in other places.
The Pulangui River will regain its glorious past as a recreational are being ideal for fishing and boating when the Save th Pulagui River Program will be launched for implementation. This grand program has its birth in the City Development Plan through the Sangguniang Panlunsod Resolution which seeks to give back the breath of life to the river. This inland water will be tapped as one of the tourist spots of Valencia where on both sides of the river. infrastracture support facilities shall be introduced to provide trade, livelihood and investment opportunities in the City.
Places to Go
Awarded as the cleanest inland body of water in Region 10 (1996, 1997, 1998) in the lake category and entry to the National Level (1996, 1997, 1998). The lake is a perfect escape from the pressures of work and worries in life owing to its picturesque surrounding hills and mountains and its blue green waters that abound with fish not yet touched by the ill effects of pollution, It is 11 kms. away from Barangay Poblacion. The inherent beauty of Lake Apo with an area of 24 has. and 85 ft. deep, strongly suggests a tourist destination from all walks of life.
Another natural attraction that could be found in Barangays Laligan, Mt. Nebo, Sinabuagan and Lilingayon.
Eight (8) caves nestled in four barangays add to the City's mystery and wonder.
The garden of rare bromelaids, orchids, anthuriums and other ornamental plants.
The processing plant of woods are formed in different uses such as wood tiles, wood decors, wood vinyl and the finished products are exported to other countries in the world.
Hotel & Restaurants
Hotel and restaurants found in the City: Hotel de Susana and Restaurant(http://hoteldesusana.com)formerly Rogelio Lucio de Asis Hotel & Restaurant(the name was taken from a person named Rogelio Lucio de Asis of Norkis Group of companies who contributed a lot for the hotel), Hotel Valencia and Taipan Restaurant, New Mindy's Valencia and Juanito's Lodge cater different menus, both local and international cuisine that suited the taste of the tourists.
Valencia City is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.
 External links
- "Bagangbangan Ha Velencia": The Official Website of the City Government of Valencia
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 2000 Philippine Census Information
 Original Source