Tropical Storm Ondoy

From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Typhoon Ondoy)
Jump to: navigation, search
{{#ifexpr:{{#if:|1|0}}+{{#ifeq:WPac|Aus|1|0}}=2|! colspan="2" style="background: #{{#switch:{{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<151|{{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<121|{{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<92|{{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<67|{{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<49|depression|cat1}}|cat2}}|cat3}}|cat4}}|cat5}} {{#ifexpr:{{#if:75|1|0}}+{{#ifeq:WPac|WPac|1|0}}=2|! colspan="2" style="background: #{{#switch:{{#ifexpr:75<64|{{#ifexpr:75<48|{{#ifexpr:75<34|depression|storm}}|STS}}|typhoon}} {{#ifexpr:{{#if:|1|0}}+{{#ifeq:WPac|NIO|1|0}}=2|! colspan="2" style="background: #{{#switch:{{#ifexpr:{{{3-min winds}}}<120|{{#ifexpr:{{{3-min winds}}}<64|{{#ifexpr:{{{3-min winds}}}<48|{{#ifexpr:{{{3-min winds}}}<34|depression|storm}}|STS}}|cat2}}|cat4}} {{#if:Typhoon Ketsana off the coast of Vietnam.jpg|| style="text-align: center;" colspan="2" |
Typhoon Ketsana off the coast of Vietnam on September 28
{{#if:Typhoon Ketsana off the coast of Vietnam on September 28|
Typhoon Ketsana off the coast of Vietnam on September 28}}
|}}
Typhoon Ketsana (Ondoy)
cat1=ffffcc cat2=ffe775 cat3=ffc140 cat4=ff8f20 S|catS=ff6699 cat5=ff6060 TY=d2d153 strong=ccffff storm=00faf4 depression=5ebaff subtropical=ddeee0 extratropical=cccccc unknown=c0c0c0 #default=c0c0c0

}};" | {{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<151|{{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<121|{{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<92|{{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<67|{{#ifexpr:{{{Gusts}}}<49|Tropical Low|Category 1 cyclone}}|Category 2 cyclone}}|Category 3 cyclone}}|Category 4 cyclone}}|Category 5 cyclone}} (Australian scale)|}}

cat1=ffffcc cat2=ffe775 cat3=ffc140 cat4=ff8f20 S|catS=ff6699 cat5=ff6060 TY=d2d153 strong=ccffff storm=00faf4 depression=5ebaff subtropical=ddeee0 extratropical=cccccc unknown=c0c0c0 #default=c0c0c0

}};" | {{#ifexpr:75<64|{{#ifexpr:75<48|{{#ifexpr:75<34|Tropical depression|Tropical storm}}|Severe tropical storm}}|Typhoon}} (JMA)|}}

cat1=ffffcc cat2=ffe775 cat3=ffc140 cat4=ff8f20 S|catS=ff6699 cat5=ff6060 TY=d2d153 strong=ccffff storm=00faf4 depression=5ebaff subtropical=ddeee0 extratropical=cccccc unknown=c0c0c0 #default=c0c0c0

}};" | {{#ifexpr:{{{3-min winds}}}<120|{{#ifexpr:{{{3-min winds}}}<64|{{#ifexpr:{{{3-min winds}}}<48|{{#ifexpr:{{{3-min winds}}}<34|{{#ifexpr:{{{3-min winds}}}<28|Depression|Deep depression}}|Cyclonic storm}}|Severe cyclonic storm}}|Very severe cyclonic storm}}|Super cyclonic storm}} (IMD)|}}

{{#ifexpr:90<136|{{#ifexpr:90<114|{{#ifexpr:90<96|{{#ifexpr:90<83|{{#ifexpr:90<64|{{#ifexpr:90<34|depression|storm}}|cat1}}|cat2}}|cat3}}|cat4}}|cat5}}|unknown}} cat1=ffffcc cat2=ffe775 cat3=ffc140 cat4=ff8f20 S|catS=ff6699 cat5=ff6060 TY=d2d153 strong=ccffff storm=00faf4 depression=5ebaff subtropical=ddeee0 extratropical=cccccc unknown=c0c0c0 #default=c0c0c0

}};" | {{#if:90|{{#ifexpr:90<136|{{#ifexpr:90<114|{{#ifexpr:90<96|{{#ifexpr:90<83|{{#ifexpr:90<64||Category 1 }}|Category 2 }}|Category 3 }}|Category 4 }}|Category 5 }}|Unknown strength }}typhoon (SSHS)

Formed September 23, 2009
Dissipated Still active
Highest
winds
{{#if:75|| {{#switch:WPac|Atl|EPac={{#expr:((1.151*75)/5 round 0)*5}} mph ({{#expr:((1.852*75)/5 round 0)*5}} km/h)|{{#expr:((1.852*75)/5 round 0)*5}} km/h ({{#expr:((1.151*75)/5 round 0)*5}} mph)}} (10-minute sustained)}} {{#if:|| {{#switch:WPac|Atl|EPac={{#expr:((1.151*{{{3-min winds}}})/5 round 0)*5}} mph ({{#expr:((1.852*{{{3-min winds}}})/5 round 0)*5}} km/h)|{{#expr:((1.852*{{{3-min winds}}})/5 round 0)*5}} km/h ({{#expr:((1.151*{{{3-min winds}}})/5 round 0)*5}} mph)}} (3-minute sustained)}} {{#if:90|| {{#switch:WPac|Atl|EPac={{#expr:((1.151*90)/5 round 0)*5}} mph ({{#expr:((1.852*90)/5 round 0)*5}} km/h)|{{#expr:((1.852*90)/5 round 0)*5}} km/h ({{#expr:((1.151*90)/5 round 0)*5}} mph)}} (1-minute sustained)}} {{#if:|| {{#switch:WPac|Atl|EPac={{#expr:((1.151*{{{Gusts}}})/5 round 0)*5}} mph ({{#expr:((1.852*{{{Gusts}}})/5 round 0)*5}} km/h)|{{#expr:((1.852*{{{Gusts}}})/5 round 0)*5}} km/h ({{#expr:((1.151*{{{Gusts}}})/5 round 0)*5}} mph)}} (gusts)}}
Lowest pressure {{{Pressurepre}}}|}} {{#if:960|{{#switch:WPac|Atl|EPac=960 mbar (hPa; {{#expr:960/33.85 round 2}} inHg)|960 hPa (mbar)}}|Unknown}}{{#if:|
({{{Pressurepost}}})|}}
Fatalities >368 direct, >104 missing
Damage None|None|{{#ifeq:98.7|Minimal|Minimal|{{#if:98.7|{{#if:|{{{Damagespre}}}|}} ${{#ifexpr:98.7<1|{{#expr:98.7*1000}},000|{{#ifexpr:98.7<1000|98.7 million|{{#expr:98.7/1000}} billion}}}} (2009 USD)|Unknown}}}}{{#if:|
{{#if:|{{{Damagespre}}}|}} ${{#ifexpr:(98.7*Template:US Inflation)<1|{{#expr:(98.7*Template:US Inflation)*1000 round {{{Inflated}}}}},000|{{#ifexpr:(98.7*Template:US Inflation)<1000|{{#expr:(98.7*Template:US Inflation) round {{{Inflated}}}}} million|{{#expr:(98.7*Template:US Inflation)/1000 round {{{Inflated}}}}} billion}}}} (2006 USD)|}}{{#if:|
({{{Damagespost}}})|}}}}
Areas
affected
Philippines, China, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand.
Part of the
2009 Pacific typhoon season

Tropical Storm Ondoy (international name: Ketsana) produced record rainfall and floods in September 2009. At the height of the storm, a state of calamity was declared in Metro Manila and in 25 different provinces, including Aurora, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Tarlac, Zambales, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, Quezon, Isabela, Mountain Province, Ifugao, Benguet, La Union, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Mindoro Oriental, Mindoro Occidental, Marinduque, Camarines Norte, and Bataan. [1]


At least 609,548 people were displaced by flood waters and had to stay in makeshift evacuation centers in schools and churches. 240 people, mostly from the National Capital Region, were killed. 319,881 families or 1,872,036 people were affected by the storm. In addition, damages to infrastructures and agriculture in Luzon amounted to more than P2 billion. [9]

Contents

Impact

Ondoy was first spotted 130 kilometers (km) east southeast of Baler, Aurora or 90 km northeast of Infanta, Quezon. It moved northwest, bringing severe rainfall across Southern Luzon and Central Luzon as it made its way towards the South China Sea. [3]

The tropical storm made landfall in the morning of September 26, 2009, lasting through the night until September 27. In the 12 hours of continuous rainfall, flood waters rose up to waist level or higher in many different areas throughout Luzon, especially within the Metro. Entire streets and villages in Bataan, Bulacan, Makati, Malabon, Manila, Paranaque, Pasay, Quezon City, Antipolo, Cainta, Montalban, San Juan, San Mateo, Taguig and Valenzuela were completely submerged. [6]

Rizal and Marikina were particularly affected, with the sides of buildings left caked by the mud which mixed with the flood. [4]

The rising water level rendered roadways around Metro Manila impassible. Traffic jammed up main thoroughfares like EDSA, the North and South Luzon expressways, MacArthur Highway, Quezon Avenue, España, Araneta Avenue, Aurora Boulevard and Taft Avenue. [5]

Residential areas were also fraught with flood. Numerous reports came in of people being forced to climb to their roofs for safety. In some areas, houses had to be abandoned altogether for fear of the rising water level. Numerous fatalities occurred due to drowning, landslides and the sudden collapse of structures which were weakened by the storm. Some people were also swept away by the current of floodwater that had welled up from rivers to the streets. [7]

According to PAGASA, 455 millimeters of rainfall poured down on Luzon, making the floods that arose the worst recorded in the history of the weather bureau. [8] The previous record for a single day's worth of rainfall in Metro Manila was in 1967, at 331 millimeters. The amount of rainfall brought by Ondoy also beat the monthly average of rainfall for the month of September, which is at 391 millimeters. [2]

Relief efforts

Search and rescue

As news came in of people stranded by the flood and the water level rising to the point of entering people’s homes, various groups immediately conducted search and rescue operations.

The Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC’s) Water Search and Rescue teams and units from the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) were dispatched to different areas within Metro Manila as well as in Cainta and Rizal. They brought rubber rafts and an aluminum boat to reach people who had been forced to their rooftops. Teams from the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA), Green Peace and the US Marines also joined the rescue efforts. [10]

Groups were also sent by the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). The National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC) kept on top of things, providing updated statistics about what was happening. [11]

In a surprising move, the Communist Party of the Philippines also offered aid to the victims of Ondoy in Central Luzon, with instructions to their military unit, the New People’s Army, to suspend armed offensives and to help in relief and rebuilding. [12]

Local celebrities were also featured in the news for participating in the rescue efforts. Richard Gutierrez, in a speedboat, went to the rescue of fellow actor Cristine Reyes, who had also been forced to her rooftop due to the heavy rains. Celebrity couple Judy Ann Santos and Ryan Agoncillo also came to the aid of their friends Gladys Reyes and Christopher Roxas who were stranded in Pasig City. [13]

Welfare workers continue searching for the whereabouts of orphans who may have sought refuge in different shelters set up in Metro Manila.

Volunteers and donations

In the aftermath of Ondoy, many were left without food or shelter, some even losing their houses and belongings to the flood. Numerous evacuation centers were set up to house the thousands of families displaced by the storm in Metro Manila, Marikina City, Pasig City, Makati City, Rizal province, Baras municipality, Tanay, Taguig City, Muntinlupa City and Antipolo city were set up. Makeshift evacuation centers were made out of public schools and churches.

Relief workers and volunteers from many different groups facilitated the soliciting of cash and in-kind donations, packing of relief goods, and distribution of these to affected areas.

Among these were the PNRC, which accepted through SMS and GCASH, as well as bank deposits. [14] It was joined by relief efforts organized by media groups, companies and schools. Among these were GMA News, who provided disaster emergency hotlines and kept these open throughout the week and ABS-CBN’s Sagip Kapamilya, which opened its doors to donations. Other centers were run by Ateneo de Manila University, Citizens Disaster Response Center, Radio Veritas, Our Lady of Pentecost Parish, and Victory Fellowship in Fort Bonifacio. [15]

Some groups donated wholesale, such as Gardenia Bakeries which donated 1,500 loaves of bread to flood victims. Barbaras Catering gave 1,000 packs of cooked pancit, while the National Food Authority volunteered 1,000 sacks of rice. [16] The Davao City council also approved giving P10 million in aid to the victims of Ondoy to be taken from the city’s calamity fund and handed over to the PNRC. [17]

International attention

Ondoy and its aftermath caught the attention of Hollywood stars, who spread word of the calamity in the Philippines via Twitter, channeling donations to those caught in the calamity. Among these were actors Demi Moore, writer Paulo Coelho, music artists Josh Groban, Michelle Branch and Demi Lovato. [18]

The United States embassy donated $50,000 for the relief efforts. The government of China also offered $10,000. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) donated P8,000,000. According to Defense Secretary Gilberto Teodoro, Jr., the NDCC received more than P40 million in donations. [19]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Vibar, Ivy Jean. "Metro streets flooded, travelers stranded." ThePOC.net (Accessed 28 September 2009)
  2. ^ Tan, Fidelis. "Ondoy death toll rises to 106." ThePOC.net (Accessed 28 September 2009)
  3. ^ Vibar, Ivy Jean. "Ondoy hits Luzon, signals 1, 2 raised." ThePOC.net (Accessed 28 September 2009)
  4. ^ Dominguez, Madelynne. "Eastern metro manila bears brunt of floods." Manila Bulletin (Accessed 28 September 2009)
  5. ^ Laude, Jaime. "'Ondoy' like 'Katrina'." Philstar.com (Accessed 28 September 2009)
  6. ^ Elena, Reyna. "Ondoy Situation Map for Metropolitan Manila: List of flooded areas." ReynaElena.com (Accessed 28 September 2009)
  7. ^ Gomez, Jim. Manila in 'state of calamity'." TheStar.com (Accessed 28 September 2009)
  8. ^ Ribaya, Rio Rose. "Ondoy's flood worst in history of Pagasa." Manila Bulletin (Accessed 28 September 2009)
  9. ^ Tan, Fidelis. "P2 billion worth of damage by Ondoy." ThePOC.net (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  10. ^ Andrade, Jeannette. "Red Cross rubber boats rescue people on roofs." Inquirer.net (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  11. ^ Tan, Fidelis. "PGMA praises relief efforts." ThePOC.net (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  12. ^ Tan, Fidelis. "NPA helps with relief efforts." ThePOC.net (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  13. ^ Villasanta, Boy. "Cristine Reyes parang maloloka sa pagtira sa ibabaw ng bubong dahil kay Ondoy." ThePOC.net (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  14. ^ "Philippines: Red Cross volunteers assist victims of Typhoon Ondoy." The Philippine National Red Cross (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  15. ^ Sta. Maria, Ofelia. "Ways to help Ondoy victims." ThePOC.net (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  16. ^ "PNRC receives donations from good-hearted Filipinos." The Philippine National Red Cross (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  17. ^ Dalumpines, Jose. "P10-M approved for Ondoy victims." Mindanao Times (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  18. ^ Sta. Maria, Ofelia. "Hollywood stars use Twitter for Ondoy updates." ThePOC.net (Accessed 29 September 2009)
  19. ^ Tan, Fidelis. "US, China send aid for Ondoy victims."ThePOC.net (Accessed 29 September 2009)

External links

Citation

Wikipinas.png

Original content from WikiPilipinas. under GNU Free Documentation License. See full disclaimer.