Teofisto Guingona, Jr.
| 12th Vice President of the Philippines|
4th Vice President of the 5th Republic
| February 7, 2001 - June 30, 2004
|Born|| July 4, 1928 (age 82)|
San Juan, Rizal
|Spouse||Ruth de Lara (incumbent mayor of Gingoog City, Misamis Oriental)|
Teofisto T. Guingona, Jr. (born 4 July 1928) was appointed Vice President of the Philippines after the EDSA II Revolution. He served from 2001 to 2004 under Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, and he also functioned as Secretary of Foreign Affairs.
Teofisto Tito Guingona Jr. was born on 4 July 1928 in San Juan, Rizal, to Atty. Teofisto Guingona, Sr of Guimaras Iloilo, (then part of the province) and Josefa Taykon of Siaton, Negros Oriental. He spent his childhood in Lanao, Agusan and Misamis Oriental in Mindanao, where his father was a judge and a commissioner. He is the second Vice President from Mindanao after Emmanuel Pelaez.
Guingona completed his primary and secondary education with honors in Ateneo de Cagayan. He then went to Ateneo de Manila University where he took up Law and Economics while teaching History and Political Science. He also took up special studies in Public Administration, Economics, Sociology, and Audit.
He became a Governor of the Development Bank of the Philippines and President of the Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines. He was also former chairman of the Commission on Audit and the Labor Management Advisory Council for Mindanao.
He is married to Ruth de Lara, the current mayor of Gingoog City, Misamis Oriental. with whom he has three children, namely Teofisto Guingona III, who is now in his second term as congressman of Bukidnon and is running for a seat in Senate this coming 2010 Elections; Rollie Guingona, a musician and classical pianist; and Marie Guingona Lamb, a business management graduate.
During Martial Law, Guingona served as a human rights lawyer and was a delegate to the 1971 Constitutional Convention. He founded SANDATA and was actively functioning as honorary chairman of BANDILA. Both are mass-based organizations with visions of social and economic reforms. His opposition to martial rule led to his incarceration in 1972 and then in 1978.
Guingona was senator from 1987 to 1992, 1992 to 1995 and 1998 to 2001 and was Senate Majority Leader, Senate President Pro-tempore, and Senate Minority Leader. He also presided the Blue Ribbon Committee.
In 1993, Fidel V. Ramos appointed him as Executive Secretary and in 1995 as Justice Secretary. He was also chairman of the Presidential Anti-Crime Committee. His track record with the DOJ included revitalizing of the Witness Protection Program, and Katarungang Pambarangay and promoting awareness of the Barangay Justice Program.
In 2000, as Senate Minority Leader, he was the first to call for the resignation of then President Joseph Estrada for accusations of graft and corruption. After Estrada was taken deposed by the EDSA II Revolution, Guingona was appointed as Vice-President and Foreign Secretary when Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo catapulted to Presidency. However, due to disagreements with the President over the RP-US Visiting Forces Agreement, Guingona left his DFA post.
In 2004 Philippine Elections, Guingona did not opt for re-election and instead joined the critics of the Arroyo Administration after the leakage of the Hello Garci Scandal. He also helped organize an anti-fraud committee called Kontra Daya.
Post Political Career
Demetrio G. Demetria
|Secretary of Justice of the Philippines
May 20, 1995 – February 3, 1998
| Succeeded by|
Silvestre H. Bello III
|Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines
| Succeeded by|
|Vice President of the Philippines
| Succeeded by|
Noli de Castro, Jr.
- Fight For the Filipino. (Inquirer Opinion). (Accessed 8 March 2010).
- Office of the Vice President. (Accessed 8 March 2010).
- Senate of the Philippines – Teofisto Guingona's Profile. (Accessed 8 March 2010).
- Guingona sings different tune about Estrada. (Inquirer Breaking News). (Accessed 8 March 2010)
- Gloria Days – Gloria's People. (Accessed 8 March 2010)