Sedition Law of 1901 or Act No. 292, prohibited any Filipino from advocating Philippine independence or its separation from the United States. Enacted by the Philippine Commission headed by William Howard Taft, on November 4, 1901, the Sedition Law of 1901 declared unlawful any peaceful or overt means such as speech, printing, publication and circulation of any material that encourages the Filipinos to fight against the American colonial rule in the Philippines. This law imposed death penalty or a long imprisonment on many Filipino nationalist leaders.
A number of plays written by Filipinos during this period were classified as "seditious plays". Among them are Hindi Aco Patay written by Juan Matapang Cruz, Tanikalang Guinto by Juan Abad, and Kahapon, Ngayon at Bukas by Aurelio Tolentino. The authors, actors and spectators of these "seditious plays" were arrested and imprisoned by the Americans.
- United States Philippine Commission. Law against treason, sedition, etc. (Act No. 292). Washington, D.C.: Government printing office, 1902.