- For other uses, please see Samar (disambiguation).
Samar, formerly Western Samar, is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Bordering the province to the north is Northern Samar and to the east is Eastern Samar. Samar is connected to Leyte via the San Juanico Bridge, which spans the San Juanico Strait, the narrowest strait in the country. To the south of the province is the Leyte Gulf. Catbalogan and Calbayog are the only two cities of the province, with Catbalogan City as its capital.
|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|Area|| 5,591.0 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 641,124|
People and culture
The native language of the majority in Samar province is Waray-Waray (also known as Waray, L(in)eyte-Samarnon, or Samar-Leyte Visayan). However, in the island municipalities of Almagro and Santo Niño, Cebuano is the native tongue.
The inhabitants of this province rely mainly on agriculture and fishing as a means of livelihood. The major agricultural products are copra, abaca and a coconut wine known as "uba" in the local dialect.
Samar island occupies the eastern portion of the Philippines. It lies southeast of Luzon and occupies the northernmost section of Eastern Visayas. It is separated from Luzon on the north by San Bernardino Strait and from Leyte on the southwest by the narrow San Juanico Strait. It is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea, on the south by Leyte Gulf and on the west by the Samar Sea.
Samar is subdivided into 24 municipalities and 2 cities.
The coastal areas are characterized by flatlands and low rolling hills. This area is ususally where the majority of the population live. The inner areas of this province are very mountainous and rugged, but are very beautiful. Streams, rivers, and lakes are very abundant and there is no shortage of water.
The explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, first came to the island in 1543 and named it Las Islas Felipinas.
- Official Website of Samar Province (formerly known as Western Samar)
- Profile of Samar Province
- Official Website of the City of Catbalogan
- Latest news from Samar Province
- Samar College
- Samar State University
- Interactive Calbayog Project of Esteban Sabar and Atty Edwin Gomez