The Reconcentration Act of 1903 refers to the American policy in the Philippines which relocated rural populations into overcrowded villages - a newly created concentration camps. This policy was enacted to deprive rebels from acquiring peasant support. Thus, people not belonging to any concentration camps or marked villages were considered bandits and enemies of the state.
- Toribio, Helen C. http://www.oovrag.com/essays/essay2003b-3.shtml]. (accessed on October 16, 2007).
- Kramer, Paul. The Blood of Government: Philippine Edition - Race, Empire, the United States & the Philippines. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2006.