From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
|Region||National Capital Region|
|Mayor||Herbert M. Bautista|
|Area|| 166.20 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 2,173,831|
Quezon City has been dubbed as the “City of New Horizons” due to its rich culture and lifestyle. It lies just northeast of Manila. It is named after Manuel Luis Quezon, first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. As a whole, Quezon City has one of the lowest poverty levels in the Philippines. It is also known as country’s premier city due to its progress and performance.
There are many historical landmarks in Quezon City, among which may be counted the San Pedro Bautista Church in San Francisco del Monte, the second oldest church in the country; the site of the Unang Sigaw (first cry) in the Balintawak area to mark the start of the Philippine revolution against Spain; the monument to Gen. Lawton, the pot where the U.S. general was killed by Katipuneros in battle after the Pact of Biak-na-Bato failed in its objective to stop the hostilities even continued after the Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish-American war and wherein the Philippines revolutionary forces continued the war of independence against America.
There are close to 60,000 business establishments in Quezon City. It is also the center of the entertainment industry. The news programs and variety shows seen on every television screen all over the country are beamed from ABS-CBN, GMA Network, NBN and other TV and radio stations based in the city.
Quezon City was conceived by the late President Manuel Luis Quezon. He envisioned a place where the common man will find his place with dignity. In 1938, President Quezon purchased 1,529 hectares from the vast Diliman Estate of the Tuason Family. The following year, the National Assembly enacted the Commonwealth Act otherwise known as Charter of Quezon City. On October 12, 1939, President Quezon signed the Bill into law, thus the city was born. Progress in Quezon City continued until the outbreak of World War II in 1941. Seven years later, by virtue of Republic Act. No. 333 signed on July 17, 1948, Quezon City officially became the capital of the Philippines and the permanent seat of the national government. Its inauguration as capital city was marked by the laying of a cornerstone for a capitol building at Constitution Hills on October 22, 1949. Subsequently, construction of government buildings began. On June 16, 1950, the City Charter was revised by Republic Act. No. 537 which extended its boundaries to its present area of 15,359 hectares. It officially replaced Manila as capital in 1948; the capital returned to Manila by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 940 on June 24, 1976.
Quezon City is the biggest of the six cities in the Metro Manila Area, lying immediately northeast of Manila and straddling the northern extension of the Guadalupe plateau. This strategic location provides stable ground foundation, adequate surface drainage, deep water table, and ample ground water supply. It is an area of moderate slopes and the most common soil type is the hard loam, more popularly known as the adobe which was heavily used in construction in the past. In terms of land area, Quezon City is the second biggest in the country, being next in size to Davao City and is five times bigger than Manila.
Quezon City is 10 kms. north of Manila. To the city's east are San Mateo, Rizal and Marikina City; to the west are San Juan and the city Manila; to the north are Caloocan City and San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, and to the south are the cities of Pasig and Mandaluyong. Quezon City is five (5) times bigger than Manila; in area, it is the second to the country's biggest city - Davao City. Rolling hills spread over a large portion of Quezon City. Its lowest altitude is 25 feet above sea level, while its highest is 55 feet.
Quezon City has a land area of 16,112.58 hectares, almost one fourth of the Region and the biggest among the cities and municipalities. Situated on the Guadalupe Plateau, the city's topography is largely rolling with alternating ridges and lowlands. The southern region of the City has a low grade terrain while the northern half is undulating that culminates at the Novaliches Reservoir. Served by a network of rivers and creeks, the city is efficiently drained except for some portions which experiences flash floods due to the deterioration of waterways. Rolling hills spread over a large portion of Quezon City. Its lowest altitude is 25 feet above sea level, while its highest is 55 feet.
The City shares an aquafier system with Metro Manila which, due to overdrawing which has been subjected to saltwater intrusion. Another feature which it shares with the rest of the region is the valley (Marikina) Fault System traversing the city's eastern portion.
Quezon City is divided into four congressional districts composed about 142 barangays. Each district is represented by six City Councilors, four representatives/congressmen, one from each district, are elected as members of the National Legislature. The number of barangays per district is: District I, 37; District II, 28; District III, 37; and District IV, 38. Although District II hast the least number of barangays, it is the biggest in land area, including the Novaliches Reservoir.
- District 1 - comprises 37 barangays with a population of 373,712 or 17% of the total population of Quezon City of 2.17 million as of May 1, 2002. These barangays are located mostly in the northern part of Quezon City.
- District 2 - with the least number of barangays (30) has the bulk of the population of Quezon City. Fifty four percent (54%) or 1,163,537 people resides in the said district. Barangay Commonwealth has 120,569 persons counted during the 2000 census of population. Over half of the population is in Congressional District II.
- District 3 - Only 12% of the population are residing in this district comprising of thirty seven (37) barangays. This is the least populated district where most of the large establishments (Cubao Area) and posh villages/subdivisions such as White Plains, Corinthian Gardens etc... can be found. Also, the smallest barangay in terms of population can be found in this district - Brgy. Mangga with a population count of 494 (113 Households).
- District 4 - has the most number of barangays (38). But have an almost identical share with District I Both having a share of the population of Quezon City at 17% or a population of 365,410 person. This district has the lowest household size of 4.29 compared to the other 3 districts.
Diliman is where many government offices are located including Quezon City Hall. At Diliman's center lies the Quezon Memorial where the late President Manuel L. Quezon is interred. The monument, encased in marble, is the highest structure in that part of the city. Running around the monument is the two-kilometer Quezon Memorial Circle, also known as the Elliptical Road (R-7/C-5). The circle links Commonwealth (R-7/C-5), Visayas, Kalayaan, East, North(C-5), and Quezon Avenues (R-7). The last three avenues provide access to Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) (C-4), the main highway in Metro Manila. Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR), Social Security System (SSS), the National Power Corporation, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philvolcs), the National Computer Center (NCC), the Office of the Ombudsman, the Department of Agriculture, Department and Agrarian Reform (DAR), and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) are some of the government agencies that are located in Diliman. University of the Philippines as well as the 15-hectare campus of Far Eastern University's Institute of Technology (now FEU-FERN College) is located at the central portion of Diliman.
Hospitals and other health centers are also housed in Diliman. Along East Avenue stands the Philippine Heart Center, the East Avenue Medical Center (EAMC), the [[National Kidney and Transplant Institute]], and the Philippine Mental Health Association. Along North Avenue is the Veterans Memorial Medical Center (VMMC) and the Philippine Health Association. The Philippine Children's Medical Center and Lung Center of the Philippines is located along Quezon Avenue.
 Commonwealth and Balara
Commonwealth Avenue was formerly called Don Mariano Marcos Avenue. It is home to many subdivisions such as Don Jose Heights, Ideal Subdivision, Jordan Park Homes and Doña Carmen Subdivision. Commonwealth also plays host to one of the largest squatters' communities in the country, specifically in the areas of Batasan Hills (formerly called Constitution Hills). Batasang Pambansa is located at the heart of Commonwealth Avenue.
 Tandang Sora
It got its name from the Mother of the Revolution, Melchora Aquino or Tandang Sora. The area is primarily residential with Projects 6 and 8 located here, as are other subdivisions, like Town & Country Gardenville, San Pedro Subdivisions (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8), NaPoCor Village, NIA Village, Reymar Subdivision, Villa Corrina, and many more. A large portion of Tandang Sora district is Barangay Bahay Toro, where a historic site of the Philippine Revolution known as Pugad Lawin is located. The main campus of AMA Computer University is located in the western portion of Project 8.
 Loyola Heights
Loyola Heights is Marikina City's gateway to Quezon City. The main campus of Ateneo de Manila Univesity and Miriam College are located in Loyola Heights. Loyola Heights is an upper middle-class and rich residential area that caters to students of the Ateneo de Manila, University of the Philippines, and Miriam College. Near these areas, and right beside La Vista, are some squatters' settlements, making the Loyola Heights area a place of mixed socio-economic classes.
Cubao is an important commercial area. At its heart is the Araneta Center, along EDSA and Aurora Boulevard. It houses a number of shopping malls like Ali Mall, Farmers Plaza, and the modern Gateway Mall. Plaza Fair, Rustan's, Shopwise Supercenter, and Makro can also be found here. At the center is Araneta Coliseum, often called the Big Dome.
Libis is one of the newly developed commercial areas in Quezon City. The Eastwood City Business Center is situated here. It consists of several office and residential skyscrapers, including many local IT and consumer electronic firms. Numerous bars and restaurants, open-air restaurants and coffee shops.
 Timog area
Timog and Tomas Morato avenue is a popular entertainment area. Located along these two avenues are many fine-dining restaurants and bars. Several of the streets in the surrounding area were named in honor of the 20 Boy Scouts who died in a plane crash en route to joining the 11th World Scout Jamboree. Because of this, Timog area is also often called Scout Area.
Novaliches is primarily residential. The La Mesa Dam Watershed occupies the eastern portion. Malls like SM City Fairview, Robinsons Place Novaliches, Fairview Center Mall and colleges like FEU (Far Eastern University) -NRMF, Our Lady of Fatima University (OLFU), AMA Computer College Fairview Campus, Metro Manila College (MMC), National College of Business and Arts (NCBA), La Consolacion College-Deparo(LCCD) and Montessori College are located here.
 Sta. Mesa Heights
Sta. Mesa Heights is said to be where many middle class and upper middle class families reside. Angelicum College, St. Theresa's College, Quezon City and Lourdes School of Quezon City are three prestigious private Catholic schools to be found here.
 San Francisco Del Monte
San Francisco Del Monte (SFDM) was founded on February 17, 1590. It was an independent town during the Spanish era that had an area of 250 acres of land filled with wildlife and trees. It was later absorbed by Quezon City when it was created. SFDM is a heavily populated district. The two main intersections of this area are Roosevelt Avenue and Del Monte Avenue.
The Galas-Santol District of Quezon City is located in its southwest border with the City of Manila. West of the avenue lies the residential corner of many of the poorest in the city. Shanties predominate the area, stretching from Araneta Avenue to Galas, while east of the avenue features the palatial mansions of some of the richest. SM City Sta. Mesa lies at the end of the avenue.
 The Project areas
The Project areas include Project 1 (presently Roxas), Project 2 (Quirino-A), Project 3 (Quirino-B), Project 4, Project 5 (presently Kamias), Project 6, Project 7, and Project 8. These areas are among the first residential subdivisions in the city developed by former Philippine Presidents Quezon, Quirino and Marcos.
Business in the city is dominated by small and medium-scale establishments engaged mostly in the distribution of finished products and the provision of basic personal services. With a sizeable portion of the city's land area being developed for commercial and industrial ventures, complemented by the availability of a large manpower pool, Quezon City has great potential to support an increase in the number of big businesses in the city.
The following are some of the well-known universities, private and public schools are located in Quezon City: AMA Computer University, Colegio de San Lorenzo, Dr. Carlos S. Lanting College, New Era University, St. Paul College, Quezon City, Saint Pedro Poveda College, St. Mary's College, Quezon City, Siena College, Quezon City, STI College, Technological Institute of the Philippines (Quezon City), Philippine Science High School, Quezon City Science High School, and the University of the Philippines Integrated School, Angelicum College, Ateneo de Manila (Grade School and High School), Claret School of Quezon City, Diliman Preparatory School, Holy Family School, Holy Spirit School, Jose Abad Santos Memorial School (JASMS), Kostka School, Lourdes School of Quezon City, Philippine Rehabilitation Institute, Quezon City Academy, Saint Claire School, Saint Joseph's College of Quezon City, St. Theresa's College, Quezon City, Stella Maris College, Quezon City and Trinity University of Asia (formerly Trinity College of Quezon City).
Weather conditions in Quezon City are more or less the same as those prevailing in Manila. Due to its higher elevation, the temperature is generally lower, relative humidity and wind velocity are proportionately higher.
Quezon City experiences the highest amount of rainfall during the months of July to October averaging to 9.79 inches.
The city is the country's melting pot. Hundreds if nor thousands of Ilocanos, Bicolanos, Visayans, Bulakenos and Moslems migrate to this city every year. Quezon City's population as of May 1, 1990 is 1,666,766.
Literacy in Quezon City is relatively high. English is widely spoken, though it is Tagalog/Filipino which is predominantly used.
- Official Website of Quezon City (accessed on January 24, 2008)
- Philippine Travel Center (accessed on January 24, 2008)
- Philippine Travel Center (accessed on January 24, 2008)