Quezon

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Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. The province was named after Manuel L. Quezon, the second President of the Philippines, and its capital is Lucena City. Quezon City is not located in and should not be confused with Quezon province: Quezon City is located in Metro Manila, a region to the west of CALABARZON, while Quezon province is in eastern CALABARZON.

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Province of Quezon
Landmarks
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Seal

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Location
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Government
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province {{{province}}}
City {{{city}}}
Mayor {{{mayor}}}
Vice Mayor {{{vice-mayor}}}
Councilors {{{councilors}}}
Municipality {{{municipality}}}
Barangays 1,242
Website {{{website}}}
Physical characteristics
Area 8,706.6 km²
{{#if:5th largest| (5th largest) }}
Population
Total (2000) (12th largest) }}
Density 193/km²
{{#if:45th highest| (45th highest) }}


Quezon is located southeast of Metro Manila and it is surrounded by the provinces of Aurora to the north, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna and Batangas to the west and the Camarines provinces to the east. Quezon lies on an isthmus separating the Bicol Peninsula from the main part of Luzon. The province also covers the Polillo Islands in the Philippine Sea.

A major tourism draw of the province is the famed Mt. Banahaw. The mountain is surrounded by spiritual mysticism. Many cults and religious organizations stay in the mountains and numerous Catholics visit the mountain during Holy Week.

Contents

People and culture

Economy

Quezon Province is the country's leading producer of coconut products such as coconut oil and copra. A large part of the province is covered in coconut plantations. Fishing is also a large part of the province's economy.

Geography

Political

Quezon is subdivided into 39 municipalities and 2 cities.

City/Municipality No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2000)
Mayor
(2007-2010)
Agdangan 12 34.8 9,946 285
Ph seal quezon alabat.png Alabat 19 91.5 14,204 285
Ph seal quezon atimonan.png Atimonan 42 160.30 56,716 353
Ph seal quezon buenavista.png Buenavista 37 147.5 22,840 154
Burdeos 14 84.5 19,635 232
Calauag 81 395.0 65,907 166
Ph seal quezon candelaria.png Candelaria 25 145.2 92,429 636
Ph seal quezon catanauan.png Catanauan 46 175.0 57,736 330
Dolores 16 95.28 23,649 248
General Luna 27 137.2 21,068 153
Ph seal quezon general nakar.png General Nakar 19 1,300.0 23,678 18
Ph seal quezon guinayangan.png Guinayangan 54 144.6 37,164 257
Gumaca 59 214.7 60,191 280
Ph seal quezon infanta.png Infanta 36 130.1 50,992 392
Jomalig 5 51.7 5,817 112
Ph seal quezon lopez.png Lopez 95 390.6 78,694 201
Ph seal quezon lucena.png Lucena City 33 68.02 196,075 2882
Ph seal quezon lucban.png Lucban 32 68.8 38,834 581
Macalelon 30 93.6 22,935 245
Ph seal quezon mauban.png Mauban 40 410.0 50,134 122
Mulanay 28 305.0 45,903 150
Ph seal quezon padre burgos.png Padre Burgos <22 <68.6 18,962 276
Pagbilao 27 168.5 53,442 317
Panukulan 12 244.3 11,311 46
Patnanungan 6 88.7 11,034 124
Perez 14 58.6 10,454 178
Pitogo 39 89.9 20,558 228
Plaridel 9 33.05 9,501 287
Polillo 20 286.50 24,105 84
Quezon 24 54.0 14,594 270
Real 17 557.0 30,684 55
Sampaloc 14 104.08 12,858 123
San Andres 7 197.4 27,184 138
San Antonio 20 54.0 26,419 489
San Francisco (Aurora) 16 458.0 48,310 105
San Narciso 24 201.9 38,474 190
Ph seal quezon sariaya.png Sariaya 43 239.8 114,368 477
Tagkawayan 45 641.0 44,290 69
Ph seal quezon tayabas.png Tayabas City 66 310.8 70,985 228
Ph seal quezon tiaong.png Tiaong 31 115.87 75,498 651
Unisan 36 91.2 21,252 233

Physical

Quezon is a long province having an area of 8,706.6 km². The northern part of the province sandwiched between the Sierra Madre mountain range and the Philippine Sea. The southern part consists of the Tayabas Isthmus, which separates the Bicol Peninsula from the main part of Luzon Island, and the Bondoc Peninsula which lies between Tayabas Bay and Ragay Gulf.

The major islands of Quezon are Alabat Island and Polillo Islands. Mt. Banahaw, an extinct volcano, is the highest peak at 2,188 m. It supplies geothermal power to the Makban Geothermal Power Plant.

History

Originally, what now forms part of Quezon was divided among the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, and Nueva Ecija. The area was first explored by Juan de Salcedo in 1571-1572, during his expedition from Laguna to Camarines provinces.

In 1591, the province was created and called Kaliraya or Kalilayan, after the capital town which later became Unisan. In about the middle of the 1700s|18th century, the capital was transferred to the town of Tayabas, from which the province got its new name.

Depredation and plunder by the Moros were rampant during the Spanish regime, because they opposed the colonizers, especially in their efforts to spread Christianity. The destruction of Kalilayan in 1604 by a big fleet of moro pirates caused the inhabitants to transfer to Palsabangon (Pagbilao).

However, even the colonized people grew discontent with the Spaniards over the centuries. The most important event in the history of the province was the Confradia Revolt in 1841, which was led by the famous Lucbano, Apolinario dela Cruz, popularly known as Hermano Pule. The province, under Gen. Miguel Malvar, was also among the earliest to join the Philippine Revolution. The Philippine Revolutionary Government|Revolutionary Government took control over the province on August 15, 1898.

The United States|Americans then came and annexed the Philippines. A civil government was established in the province on March 2, 1901, with Lucena as its capital.

Japanese occupation of the province during World War II began on December 23, 1941, when the Japanese Imperial Army landed in Atimonan. The occupation witnessed the brutal murders of prominent sons of Tayabas. April 4, 1945 was the day the province was liberated as the American army reached Lucena.

After the war, on September 7, 1946, Republic Act No. 14 changed the name Tayabas to Quezon, in honor of Manuel L. Quezon, the Commonwealth president who hailed from Baler, which was one of the province's towns.

In 1951, the northern part of Quezon was made into the sub-province of Aurora (which included Baler). Aurora was the name of the president's wife, Aurora A. Quezon. In 1979, Aurora was finally separated from Quezon as an independent province.

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Original Source

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