Public schools, simply put, are composed of elementary, secondary, tertiary and other government schools which are subsidized by the national government to provide free basic education and to alleviate the rising cost of education in higher levels.
Public schools do not base admission on religious and political preference, race, or gender.
Characteristics of public schools
Public basic education may be free but students still have to spend for educational supplies like paper and writing implements, and sometimes even books. Some students opt to share books and other reading materials while others purchase their own. In other areas, students are asked to bring their own chairs/desks because of the shortage of such. In some schools, classes have to make do with a single computer unit or borrowed laboratory apparatuses.
Since public schools are secular schools, subjects in Religion and Christian Living are not included in the curriculum, as compared to private sectarian/religious schools.
In the tertiary level, most state universities and colleges (SUCs) seem to have enough facilities to address the needs of the students. In some however, the computer-to-student ratio can vary 1:10 to 1:20, forcing even Computer Science majors to share units with other students.
Aside from SUCs, local government units have created and funded local universities and colleges (LUCs) or community universities and colleges to provide more accessible and more affordable higher education to residents who do not have the means to go to urban centers to pursue higher studies. Basing on the record of the Commission on Higher Education, there are currently 70 LUCs in the entire country.
Public school statistics and facts
According to the the DepEd, there are 36,234 public elementary schools and 4,422 public secondary schools in the country. Some of these provide not only basic education but also alternative learning programs for out-of-school youth and adult learners or continuing students.
The CHED lists 110 SUCs and 326 satellite campuses (branches) of such in the country. There are also government-created higher education institutions which provide academic degrees and advanced training programs to the students interested in the military sciences and national defense.
- Commission on Higher Education. Schools in the Philippines December 2007. Accessed 08 July 2009.
- The Department of Education website Accessed 08 July 2009.
- The Commission on Higher Education Accessed 08 July 2009.