Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence
The Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence or the PCPI was the drafting body of the 1943 Philippine Constitution which was signed and unanimously approved on September 4, 1943 by its members and was then ratified by a popular convention of the KALIBAPI in Manila on September 7, 1943.
In mid-1942, Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo had promised the Filipinos "the honor of independence" which meant that the commission would be supplanted by a formal republic.
The PCPI was composed of 20 prominent Filipinos mostly pre-war legislators. But many Filipinos, ridiculed the PCPI's meaning, for them it was Please Cancel Philippine Independence'
The PCPI tasked with drafting a new constitution was composed in large part, of members of the prewar National Assembly and of individuals with experience as delegates to the convention that had drafted the 1935 Philippine Constitution. Their draft for the republic to be established under the Japanese Occupation, however, would be limited in duration, provide for indirect, instead of direct, legislative elections, and an even stronger executive branch.
President of the PCPI
- Benigno Aquino, Sr.
- Jorge B. Vargas
- Antonio de las Alas
- Claro M. Recto
- Quintin Paredes
- Jose Yulo
- Vicente Madrigal
- Manuel Roxas
- Sa Ramain (Alauya Alonto)
- Emiliano Tria Tirona
- Melecio Arranz
- Camilo Osias
- Rafael Alunan
- Pedro Sabido
- Teofilo Sison
- Manuel C. Briones
|Drafting||July 9 to September 4, 1943|
|Approval and Signing||September 4, 1943|
|Ratification||September 7, 1943|
- 1943 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines
- Congress of the Philippines
- Senate of the Philippines
- House of Representatives of the Philippines
- Resolution unanimously approved by the Filipino People formally assembled at the Luneta in the City of Manila on the occasion of the personal visit of Premier General Hideki Tozyo. Full text from filipiniana.net.