Philippine presidential election, 1986

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Presidential and vice-presidential "Snap elections" were held on February 7, 1986 in the Philippines. President Ferdinand E. Marcos and former Foreign Affairs Minister and Senate President Arturo M. Tolentino were proclaimed winners by the Batasang Pambansa as well as the official election canvasser, the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) thus granting President Marcos another six-year term as President of the Philippines. The electoral exercise was marred by alleged electoral fraud from both sides of the political fence as well as violence. Marcos and Tolentino won by over a million votes according to the COMELEC. According to NAMFREL, an accredited poll watchdog, had Aquino leading by a margin of 800,000 votes and Laurel leading over Tolentino. The opposition headed by Sen. Benigno Aquino, Jr. widow Corazon C. Aquino and former senator Salvador Laurel refused to accept the allegedly fraudulent result. Due to the reports of fraud, the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) issued a statement condemning the elections, the United States Senate passed a resolution stating the same. These tumultuous chain of events led to the resignation of Marcos' Defence Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and military vice-chief Fidel Ramos leading to the EDSA Revolution which overthrew the Marcos regime.

Contents

Results

President

Final Official Parliamentary Canvass

Candidate Party Votes  %
Ferdinand Marcos Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 10,807,197 53.62%
Corazon Aquino United Nationalists Democratic Organizations (UNIDO)- LABAN 9,291,761 46.10%
Reuben Canoy Social Democratic Party 34,041 0.17%
Narciso Padilla Movement for Truth, Order and Righteousness 23,652 0.12%
Total: 20,156,651 100.0%


NAMFREL Tally

Candidate Party Votes
Ferdinand Marcos Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 7,053,068
Corazon Aquino United Nationalists Democratic Organizations (UNIDO)- LABAN 7,835,070

Vice-President

Final Official Parliamentary Canvass

Candidate Party Votes  %
Arturo M. Tolentino Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 10,134,130 50.65%
Salvador H. Laurel United Nationalists Democratic Organizations (UNIDO) 9,173,105 45.85%
Eva Estrada-Kalaw Liberal Party 662,185 3.31%
Roger Arienda Movement for Truth, Order and Righteousness 35,974 0.18%
Total: 20,053,394 100.0%


NAMFREL Tally

Candidate Party Votes
Arturo M. Tolentino Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 6,613,507
Salvador H. Laurel United Nationalists Democratic Organizations (UNIDO) 7,441,313

Events during the elections

Bussed Lepers

Lepers were allegedly bussed from the Tala Leprosarium to several voting stations in Metro Manila, thus causing voters to refrain from voting.

Events after the elections

Results

Historians believe that Marcos won the election fair and square. Others believe that he had votes padded to make it look like he beat Aquino by a landslide victory. The COMELEC final tally showed that Marcos won by twice Aquino's margin in the NAMFREL tally (roughly 1.6 million), and also had Tolentino winning over Laurel. However, the NAMFREL tally had Aquino and Laurel in the lead. This alleged fraudulent outcome would eventually lead to the EDSA Revolution which ousted President Ferdinand Marcos and installed Corazon Aquino as president.

See Also

External links


Philippine general elections Flag of Philippines
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