Philippine School for the Deaf
The semi-residential Philippine School for the Deaf (PSD), formerly known as the School for the Deaf and Blind (SDB), is the pioneer school for the handicapped in the country and in Asia, and the only government-owned institution for the deaf in the country.
In 1907, Dr. David P. Barrows, the Director of Education in the Philippines, invited Delia Delight Rice to teach the country. Rice was a teacher for the deaf and a daughter of deaf parents in Columbus, Ohio and had immeasurable experience in special education. The program began in a small house in Ermita, Manila with a class of three pupils from the provinces; two deaf and one blind.
In June 1923, PSD transferred to a large two-storey, semi-concrete structure along the Harrison Boulevard in Ermita where it is presently located. The site was donated by an anonymous American lady. From then on, numerous buildings have been made for various educational programs and services offered to children with hearing impairment.
In accordance with R.A. 3562, June 1963, the School for the Deaf and Blind was separated from the Philippine National School for the Blind although it remained at its current location. In July 1970, SDB was officially renamed Philippine School for the Deaf since it started providing educational services exclusively for the deaf. In 1986, PSD redirected its thrusts by serving as an educational, research, resource and service center.
Mission and Vision
The mission of PSD is "to provide quality education and other services to the hearing impaired to maximize their potentials, for them to be globally competitive and responsive to the demands of a technologically advancing world and ensure their integration in the mainstream of society."
Philosophy of Education
The school provides basic technology such as numerous listening devices and other aids for the unique needs of children with hearing impairment. PSD believes that a hearing-impaired child has a communication problem but needs to be educated as an integral part of the learning world rather being away from it.
The school is now in a P5-million facility donated by the HongKong Shanghai Banking Corporation. Its facilities include:
- Speech and Hearing Clinic
- Guidance and Testing Center
- Publicity and Research Center
- Medical and Dental Clinic
Programs and Services
English is the mode of instruction in PSD. The school provides special subjects in language, speech, speech reading, rhythm and auditory training, increased time allotment for communication arts and the introduction of Filipino in grade 3. It has different programs in its curriculum, following the Basic Learning Competencies (BLC), according to the Modified Basic Educational Competencies (MBEC) mandated by the Department of Education.
The deaf children that are diagnosed at early age are offered an intensive "individualized education plan" (IEP). This will equip them with the skills for formal education and give them the self-help skills necessary for daily living.
- Pre-elementary education
- Early Childhood Education (5 to 6 years old)
- Preparatory (pre-requisite to grade 1)
- Literacy Class
- Elementary education
- Secondary education
- Transition education
- Vocational program
- Apprenticeship program
- Early Childhood Intervention
- Multiple Handicapped Program
- Deafblind Program
- Speech Program
The students at PSD interact with organizations such as Boy Scouts of the Philippines, Girl Scouts of the Philippines, Art Club, Sign and Drama Club and sports groups for their extra-curricular activities. They are also encouraged and trained to handle their own student government organizations.
PSD has 180 highly professional and devoted special education teachers and staff trained locally and abroad. The school is headed by Principal Yolanda T. Capulong and Assistant Principal Carmelita C. Abellaneda.
- Philippine School for the Deaf Deped.gov.ph (Accessed 8 April 2010)
- Philippine School for the Deaf Philippinestamps.net (Accessed 8 April 2010)
- Philippine School for the Deaf Gov.ph (Accessed 8 April 2010)