Philippine Reserve Officer Training Corps

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The Philippine Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) is a military program for college students in the Philippines. It is intended to train students to prepare for national defense, and includes problem solving, military discipline, systematic planning, proper ethics, and leadership skills.


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History

In 1862, ROTC was first established in the United States as a college elective focusing on military training and discipline. Many countries that were connected with the United States then followed the same program, including the Republic of the Philippines.

On the brink of World War II, in the year 1912, the Americans established the first Philippine ROTC unit in the University of the Philippines. Even after the country gained its independence, the ROTC program remained a college elective for all Filipino students.


Republic Act No. 9163

In 2001, under the Philippine Republic Act No. 9163, ROTC was incorporated into the National Service Training Program (NSTP), which allowed students to choose to undergo training for civic service other than the ROTC.

Under the NSTP, college students are required to choose and complete at least one of its three components in order to be able to graduate. They may choose from the following:

  • ROTC program, which provides military training;
  • Literacy Training Service, which provides training on teaching basic reading and math;
  • Civic Welfare Training Service, which involves students in activities contributing to community welfare, such as caring for the environment, public safety, health, sports, and entrepreneurship.


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Reference


Citation

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